546-0359/03 – Basics of Biotechnology (ZB)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Hana Vojtková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Peter Fečko, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year3Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2008/2009
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
FEC40 prof. Ing. Peter Fečko, CSc.
PEC06 Ing. Iva Janáková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Target competence on the basis of new knowledge and its application in problem solving, observation, experiments and communication: - to characterize differences in the structure of cells and live organisms, to be well informed about the natural systems and to understand phylogenetic relations of the individual groups, to learn about and to term characteristic organisms of the individual taxons and to determine their significance - to apply the gained knowledge in dealing with practical tasks in seminars, to consider the consequences of a phenomenon from the environmental, health as well as economic points of view and to justify the significance of new biological information for the society - ability of independent solution of set tasks, to observe and objectively record experiment results, to document observation in the form of diagrams and charts with legends, to adhere to safety regulations when working with biological material and technical instruments - ability to work with technical texts, to master specialist terminology, to synthetically evaluate data acquired in dealing with tasks in seminars, to defend an opinion of a biological problem solution in a discussion

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The course focuses on clarifying the role of microorganisms in biotechnologies in wastewater treatment. Students gain information on the morphology and physiology of non-cellular organisms, basic groups of microorganisms, their role in the nature and mutual relations of microbial populations with an overview of fundamental pathogenic as well as non-pathogenic strains of microorganisms. Some lectures are dedicated to a practical utilization of microorganisms in industrial biotechnologies and their role in the formation and protection of the environment.

Compulsory literature:

GLAZER, Alexander N. a Hiroshi NIKAIDO. Microbial biotechnology : fundamentals of applied mikrobiology. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xvii, 554 s. ISBN 978-0-521-84210-5 MIMS, Cedric A. (ed.) Medical microbiology. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier, 2004. ix, 660 s. ISBN 0-323-03575-2

Recommended literature:

MOAT, Albert G., John W. FOSTER a Michael P. SPECTOR. Microbial Physiology. New York: Wiley-Liss, 2002. 714 s. ISBN 978-0-471-39483-9

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Úvod. Mikrobiologie jako věda.Rozdělení mikroorganizmů. Rozdělení bakterií podle fyziologických vlastností. 2. Buňka, složení mikrobiálních buněk.Baktérie, její morfologie a struktura buňky; rozmnožování a dělení baktérií. 3. Kvasinky, jejich cytologie, rozmnožování a dělení kvasinek. 4. Plísně - základní charakteristiky a rozdělení plísní. 5. Řasy - základní charakteristiky a rozdělení plísní. 6. Základní rysy metabolizmu mikroorganizmů; Vliv vnějšího prostředí na mikroorganizmy. 7. Dynamika růstu a množení mikroorganizmů. 8. Charakteristika baktérií rodu Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. 9. Mechanismus bakteriální oxidace sulfidů bakteriemi Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (přímá a nepřímá oxidace). 10. Faktory ovlivňující činnost bakterií A.F. Kultivační média pro A.F. 11. Postup bakteriálního loužení. Technika loužení rud. 12. Bakteriální desulfurizace uhlí. 13. Silikátové bakterie, jejich účinek na silikáty, degradační mechanismy a využití v praxi. 14. Bioakumulace a dočišťování vod mikroorganismy. 15. Ropné bakterie a dekontaminace půd. 16. Nové směry a technologie při aplikaci mikroorganismů v úpravnictví.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Other task type Other task type 33  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Written examination Written examination 30  0
                Oral Oral examination 37  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling K Czech Most 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling K Czech Most 3 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner