546-0371/01 – Biochemistry (BIO)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Daniela Plachá, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Daniela Plachá, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2017/2018
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PLA88 doc. Ing. Daniela Plachá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 2+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of Biochemistry lectures is introduction of students to Biochemistry and Biotechnology basic knowledge.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations

Summary

The biochemistry lectures are aimed to student introduction to basic knowledge of biochemistry showing up chemical structure, properties and reactivity of compounds that form base of living organisms. Further, it is aimed to principles of metabolisms and transformation of energy. The basic lectures of biochemistry are completed with overwiev of applications in practice.

Compulsory literature:

CH. K. Mathews, K. E. van Holde, K. G. Ahern. Biochemistry. Prentice Hall; 3 edition 1999. D. L. Nelson, M. M. Cox. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, Fourth Edition, W. H. Freeman, 2008.

Recommended literature:

Nelson, D.L., Cox, M.M. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry. W. H. Freeman, 2012. Campbell M., Farrell S. Biochemistry. 2007.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Student will prepare the seminary paper on a defined topic.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. Description of biochemistry and sphere of research. Composition and organization of living matter. Basic unit of living organisms, biopolymers, principles of metabolisms and energy transformation. 2. Peptides and proteins. Amino acides, structure, chemical and physical properties, chirality, importance of amino acides, isolation and analysis of amino acides. 3. Peptides and proteins. Structure, sequences and their determination, biochemical significant peptides. Strukture of proteins, conformation and their changes, allostery. Classification of proteins. Isolation of proteins. Methods of protein research. 4. Nucleic acids. Nukleotides. Composition and structure of DNA and RNA, properties, methods of research. 5. Saccharides. Properties, classification of monosaccharides. Monosaccharides and their derivatives, di-, oligo- and polysaccharides. Structures, chirality and function in living organisms. Glycosides. Glycoproteins and proteoglycans. Analysis of saccharides. 6. Lipids. Compositions, properties, function in organisms. Neutral lipids, waxes, polar lipids. Steroides. Structure and significancy of biomembranes. 7. Enzymes. Structure, confirmation, properties, classification, nomenclature. Occurence of enzymes. Activity. Coenzymes. Applied enzymology. 8. Mechanisms and kinetics of enzymatic reactions. Factors influencing of enzymatic reactions. Inhibitors. Other biocatalyzators. 9. Metabolisms and energy transformations in living systems. Catabolism and anabolism. Biochemical reactions, bioenergy. 10. Respiratory chain and a oxidative fosforylation. Photosynthesis. Transfer of electrons and protons in respiratory chain. Biological oxidation. Krebs cycle. Glyoxalate cycle. 11. Metabolisms of saccharides and lipids. Glykolysis. Fermentation. Metabolisms of lipids. Metabolisms of glycerol. Biosynthesis of lipids. 12. Metabolisms of proteins, nucleic acids, and other nitroegen-containig compounds. Degradation of amino acides. Biosynthesis amino acides. 13. Biochemistry of microorganisms. Dividing according of carbon and energy source. Microorganisms in environment. Influence of the environment on living organisms. Cycles of biogenic elements in nature. Biodegradation, biosorption. 14.-15. Application of biochemistry in technologies. Food and alimentary, biotechnology, formation of biogas, treatment of minerals, waste disposal.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation Credit 85 (85) 0
        Other task type Other task type 85  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
ECTS - FMG 2017/2018 Full-time English Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
ECTS - FMG 2016/2017 Full-time English Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG 2015/2016 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2014/2015 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2013/2014 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2012/2013 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block