546-0462/01 – Pollutants in the Environment (PolŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PLA88 doc. Ing. Daniela Plachá, Ph.D.
RAC20 prof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The identification of pollutants from legislation point of view. Acquire of knowledge on behaviour of pollutants in environment on the basis of their environmental properties (bioaccumulation index, ecotoxicity, Kow). The classification of hazardous components and especially hazardous components in water environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The aim of this course "Pollutants in the Environment" is to acquaint students with the group of compounds which have significant impact on health of inhabitants or influences the health state of ecosystems. The attention is paid to the form of occurrence and their bonding in the environment, physico-chemical properties and reactions, the procedure from the moment of their detection to the assessment of their adverse effects (risk analysis). Pollutants characteristic for individual components of environment will be defined. The attention will also be paid to compounds which occur in municipal waste waters: human and animal medicaments (hormonal preparates, medicaments for suppression of a high blood pressure, antibiotics, antidepressives, analgetics, statines etc.) components of cosmetic products, perfumes, saponates etc., and their degradation products or metabolites (in summary PPCP – Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products) which are transferred by "purified" waste waters discharged by Waste Water Treatment Plant into aqueous environment where they can influence present organism.

Compulsory literature:

Des Connell: Basic Concepts of Environmental Chemistry. 2nd.ed Boca Raton:. Taylor and Francis Group, 2005, 462s. ISBN 978-1-5667-0676-6. Berekute A.K. Handbook of Environmental Chemitsry and Toxicology. Lambert Academic Publishing. 2017, 1-248. ID:8126910 Crafword Ch.B., Quinn B..: Microplastic Pollutants. Elsevier Sciences &Technology. 1-338, ISBN 9780128094068 Harrison R.M., Cartmell E., Fawell J.: Polution, Causes, Effects and Control. 2013, Royal Society of Chemistry, 1-558. Loehr A.: Pollution Controll of Agriculture. Elsevier Sciences &Technology. 2012, 1-254. ISBN: 9780124552708 Möller D.: Chemistry for Environmental Scientists. De Gruyter, 2015, 1-380. Vallero D.: Fundamentals of Air Pollution. Elsevier Sciences &Technology. 1-999. ISBN: 9780124017337

Recommended literature:

Colbeck I. (2008): Environmental chemistry of aerosls. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, UK, 1-272 Šráček O., Čerík M., Vencelides Z. (2013): Applications of Geochemical and reactive Transport Modeling in Hydrogeology. Vydavatelství UPOL.1-121.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

doplnit!doplnit!doplnit!doplnit!doplnit!

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Introduction. Environment. The main compounds of the environment. Local end global problems of pollution of environment. Biogeochemical cycles of most important elements. Chemical components – pollutants in the environment. The occurence, fate and influence of pollutants on living organisms, the processes influencing the distribution and fate of pollutants, transport processes. Chemical reaction of pollutants in all environmental components. The phase equilibrium. Kinetics of chemical reactions and thermodynamics. The main groups of pollutants. Greenhouse gasses – sources, input, transport, fate and influence on environment. Heavy metals: As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Pb, Hg, Ni, Zn, V, Sn. Sources, input, transport, fate and influence on environment. Organic pollutants. Distribution, classification, volatile organic matter. Sources, input, transport, fate and influence on living organisms. POPs. The basic properties, toxic impacts, classifications. Sources, input, transport, fate and influence on living organisms, toxic properties. The international conventions, Inventory checks of POPs. The properties of individual groups of POPS: PCBs, PAHs, PCDDs/Fs, PCNs, PBDE, PFCs, SCCPs. The source, occurence, presence and reaction. Other groups of pollutants: oil hydrocarbons, detergents, fertilizers, organometallic compounds, radioactive elements. Properties, sources, occurences, the form of presence, reactions, influence on Pollutions of atmosphere. The basis properties of atmosphere, compositions and structure, immisions, aerosols, reaction of pollutants in atmosphere, dispersion of pollutants in atmosphere, aerosols, acidifications. Ozone layer, the factors influencing of ozone layer. Hydrosphere. Properties, function, classification. Pollutions of hydrosphere, pollutions of sediments. Pedosphere. The composition and properties of soils. The pedogenetic soil factors and processes. Contamination of urban soils, forest soils and agricultural soils. Evaluation of risks connected with presence of pollutants in environment. Limitation of input of pollutants in the environment.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Other task type Other task type 33  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Written examination Written examination 30  0
                Oral Oral examination 37  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T029) Mineral Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T029) Mineral Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T029) Mineral Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T029) Mineral Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T029) Mineral Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner