546-0484/01 – Water Management Facilities (VHZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Vojtěch Václavík, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Vojtěch Václavík, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2007/2008Year of cancellation2010/2011
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
STA293 Ing. Martin Šťastný
VAC78 doc. Ing. Vojtěch Václavík, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The student who completes the course should be able: - to characterise, discuss and process information about construction and operation of hydrotechnical works of various types and functions and to use the knowledge in practice, - to deal with tasks and apply model situations comprising hydraulic calculations for hydrotechnical facilities.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

This subject deal with basic terms, documents for design / planning, functional and structural layout of water management buildings (reservoirs – dams, diversion buildings – weirs, step weirs, water ways, water energy exploitation).

Compulsory literature:

Horský, O., Bláha, P.: The Application of Engineering Geology to Dam Construction, Or, What Experience Has Thaught Us. Repronis, 2011, 296p. ISBN 9788073292782.

Recommended literature:

Chris Oxlade: Dams. Heinemann Library, 2005, 32p. Lynn M. Stone: DAMS. Rourke Publishing Group, 2001, 48p. SABU, Thomas, Vasudeo Rane AJAY, VK ABITHA, Kanny KRISHNAN a Dutta AASTHA. Hydraulic Rubber Dam : An Effective Water Management Technology. Norwich, United States: William Andrew Publishing, 2018. ISBN 9780128122105.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Knowledge of students are checked regularly during a semester as follows: 1) drafting of two semestral programmes, 2) two written tests during seminars.

E-learning

Other requirements

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Curriculum: 1. Diversion weirs. Basic terms. 2. Specific features of hydrotechnical facilities. 3. Source data for designing of hydrotechnical facilities. Research works. Influence of hydrotechnical facilities on natural and living environments. 4. Loading of hydrotechnical facilities: loading caused by water, own weight, pressure of soil and rock, changing temperature or volume, seismic activities. 5. Diversion weirs. Dams: gravity dams, arch dams, multiple dams, special-construction dams. 6. Weirs: fixed weirs and gates weirs. 7. Equipment of diversion weir facilities: emergency spillways, bottom outlets, gravel chute and fish passes. 8. Water take-off facilities and water transport facilities. 9. Waterways: inland navigation, adjustments of waterways for navigation, inland canals, waterway facilities, waterways and environment. 10. Using energy of water. Generation of energy and power. Water equipment. Hydraulic power plants in a power grid. Types of hydraulic power plants. 11. Hydraulic power plants. Pumped storage hydro plants. Small-size hydro plants. Use of water energy and environment. 12. Foundations of hydrotechnical facilities. 13. Dewatering of dam bodies. Embankment and fieldwork on slopes. Leakage in dams and dam environment. Calculation of water leakage through dam bodies and subsoil. 14. Designing of concrete dams: gravity dams built from rolled concrete and arch dams in specific conditions. Framework plan of seminars: 1. Basic terms of hydrotechnical facilities. Division of facilities. A sample simple profile of homogeneous and non-homogeneous dams. A transverse cross-section through a fixed concrete weir. 2. Source data for designing of hydrotechnical facilities. General terms used in hydrostatistics and hydrodynamics. 3. Discharge of water through an opening in a vessel. General formula for discharge through a small opening. Adjustment of the basis formula for a real liquid. Discharge through a big opening. Adjustment of a discharge opening. 4. Hydrostatic force of the liquid. Hydrostatic force of the horizontal bottom. Hydrostatic force applied onto a general plane. Graphical solution to hydrostatic forces. 5. Example of a hydrostatic force applied onto a planar and curved surface. 6. Even and stable motion in a watershed. Basic equations for the motion in a watershed. Determining a velocity coefficient. Transverse profiles of watersheds. Calculation of a flow rate in a watershed. 7. Tranquil and shooting flow. Hydraulic jump – critical tranquil and shooting flow. Definition of a water flow. Calculation of a water flow. Designing a stilling basin. 8. Hydraulic parameters of bridges and culverts. Uneven steady motion. Water level shapes in uneven motion. 9. Uneven motion. Oscillation waves. Translation waves. Water shocks in pipes. Emptying and filling of vessels. 10. Overflow of liquid across a wall. Definitions and breakdown of overflows. Types of overflow beams. Metering overflow with a side narrowing. Overflows in weir bodies. Overflows across dam crests. Special types of overflows. 11. Loading of hydrotechnical facilities, Wind waves. Impacts of leaking water. Soil and rock pressure loads. Flows of statistic impacts of ice on hydrotechnical facilities. Loads caused by seismic activities. 12. Calculation of water leakage through dam bodies and subsoil. Homogeneous dam on impermeable subsoil. Leakage through the homogeneous dam without drainage. Homogeneous dam with drainage. Earth embankment with medium soil sealing - calculation of total leakage. 13. Static assessment of earth dams. Non-cohesive soil (slope without water, water leaking into slopes, water leaking in a parallel way with a slope). Cohesive soil. 14. Operation of water facilities. Operation reliability. Purpose of operation. Safety and technical supervision.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Other task type Other task type 33  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Written examination Written examination 30  0
                Oral Oral examination 37  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2009/2010 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3901T037) Water - strategic resource P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3901T037) Water - strategic resource P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3901T037) Water - strategic resource P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner