546-0510/02 – Introduction to Biology and Ecology (UdBioEko)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Jiří Kupka, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Jiří Kupka, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2009/2010Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KUP73 doc. Ing. Jiří Kupka, Ph.D.
CHO46 Mgr. Iva Melčáková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 2+0
Combined Examination 6+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

After completion of the „Fundamentals of biology and ecology“ students will understand the origin of life on Earth, the basic units of life – cells, evolution of species and the diversity of life, ecology of communities, dynamic characteristics of ecosystems and global issues of the environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs
Terrain work

Summary

After completion of the „Fundamentals of biology and ecology“ students will understand the origin of life on Earth, the basic units of life – cells, evolution of species and the diversity of life, ecology of communities, dynamic characteristics of ecosystems and global issues of the environment.

Compulsory literature:

GERALD, M. C., G. E. GERALD. The Biology Book: From the Origin of Life to Epigenetics, 250 Milestones in the History of Biology. New York: Sterling, 2015. 528 p. ISBN: 978-1-4549-1068-8 PRIMACK, R. B. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 603 p. ISBN: 9781605352893 TOWNSEND, C. R., M. BEGON and J. L. HARPER. Essentials of Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. 532 p. ISBN-13: 978-1405156585 SALA, O. E., R. B. JACKSON, H. A. MOONEY and R. W. HOWARTH (Eds.). Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer, 2000. 421 p. ISBN 978-1-4612-1224-9

Recommended literature:

LINDDENMAYER, D. B. and G. E. LIKENS. Effective Ecological Monitoring. Routledge, 2010. 184 p. ISBN 10: 1849711453 PEDROTTI, F. Plant and Vegetation Mapping (Geobotany Studies). Springer, 2013. 294 p. ISBN-13: 978-3642302343 SPELLERBERG, I. F. Monitoring Ecological Change. New Zealand: Lincoln University, 2005. 412 p. ISBN 9780521527286 SCHWOERBEL, J. Methods of Hydrobiology (Freshwater Biology). Elsevier, 210 p. ISBN 978-0-08-006604-2

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Successful processing of part-time assignments in the semester. Verification of the acquired knowledge is done by means of control tests. The course is finished by credit and combined examination.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Sorting of biological and ecological sciences. Importance and application of biological and environmental sciences in technical fields. 2. Life in the Universe. The conditions for life on Earth. The emergence of living systems and their evolution. 3. Diversity of organisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi, animals, plants). 4. Cell theory. 5. Genetics (chromosome structure, the structure of DNA, RNA, genetic aspects mitosis and meiosis, mutational changes in genotype). 6. Relations between the organism and the environment (niche, ecological valence, ecological optimum). 7. The conditions for life (climate, temperature, water and humidity, light, soil). 8. Type (adaptation, specialization, genetic and phenotypic polymorphism, fitness, individual). 9. Population (density, distribution, age, mortality, natality, population growth and regulation of migration and dispersion of organisms, Intraspecific and interspecific competition, predation, parasitism, and mutualism). 10. Communities (communities in the arrangement of space, structure communities in time - succession, stability, flexibility and community resistance). 11. Ecosystems (biosphere, energy flow and productivity of ecosystems, trophic structure, biochemical cycles, biomes). 12. Characteristics of the human environment. Atmospheric pollution, climate disruption (ozone depletion, greenhouse effect, acid rain, dust). 13. Pollution of soil (soil erosion, soil depletion and degradation, cutting of tropical forests, heavy metals, pesticides, etc.). 14. Pollution of fresh waters and oceans (eutrophication, industrial waste, etc.).

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2009/2010 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (00) GMT P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (10) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (10) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (00) GMT P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (00) GMT P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (10) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (00) GMT P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (10) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (00) GMT P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (10) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (00) GMT P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2110) Geological Engineering (2101R004) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism (10) Geoscience and Industrial Tourism P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner