546-0734/02 – Melioration I (M I)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorIng. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Iva Bestová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2012/2013
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BES72 Ing. Iva Bestová, Ph.D.
HEV01 doc. Ing. Silvie Heviánková, Ph.D.
DRO103 Ing. Martina Jablonková
STE602 Ing. Barbora Štěpánová
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 6+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Introduction toiIrrigation and drainage problems. Defining the issue of erosion protection, drainage and irrigation land. Assessment erosion threat of drought, the role of irrigation, causes waterlogging. Design of erosion protection, types of irrigation, water resources for irrigation, the method drainage.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Other activities

Summary

Subject offers total view about problems amelioration, with a view to basic areas - against - erosive protection, drainage and irrigation soil. Set up bases soil science, forms and sorting erosion, characteristics contrivance erosive suits. Generally list-form of macroinstruction with exercise irrigations, with appraisal of quality occurrence dry atmosphere and with sorts irrigations. Describes causes waterlogging of soil and ways and means her drainage.

Compulsory literature:

Thomas D. S. G., Alison R. J.: Landscape sensitivity. Chichester: J. Wiley, 1993. Kovář, P.: Natural recovery of human – made deposits in landscape. Praha: Academia, 2004. Štýs, S.: Recultivation. Most: MUS, 1997.

Recommended literature:

Spaccini, R., Piccolo A., Conte P., Haberhauer G., Gerzabek M. H.: Increased soil organic carbon sequestration through hydrophobic protection by humic substances. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Volume 34, Issue 12, December 2002, Pages 1839-1851. Gzyl J.: Soil protection in Central and Eastern Europe Original Research Article Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Volume 66, Issues 1-2, July 1999, Pages 333-337 Wang X., Li S., Sun Y., Meng X.: Application of visual simulation technology to a soil erosion protection project. Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 84, Issue 1, 11 January 2008, Pages 52-61. Hůla, J. et al.: Agrotechnical erosion measures. Praha: Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation, 2005. Dvořák J., Novák L.: Soil conservation and silviculture. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1994.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Checking through discussion on memorized material. Control of processing a given project.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Individual study of current professional publications.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Areas and sections, including issues of Irrigation, drainage, meaning and purpose, assumptions, conditions, influences, links to conservation and water management in landscape, agricultural and forestry management, the possible negative effects, historical development. 2. Soils and water regime, basic soil properties (formation and development), hydrological, climatic, pedological, territorial and economic conditions and influences - examining documents. 3. Dewatering of soils - causes and characteristics of waterlogging and methods drainage (biological, hydromelioration), the effects and benefits (physical, biochemical, biological, economic), possible negative effects, theoretical analysis of drainage - drainage of surface runoff, reducing groundwater degree of drainage. 4. Calculation of runoff (surface and underground drainage - the formulas and methods, precipitation and seepage rates), calculating and determining the depth and track drainage (influences, methods, formulas). 5. Main drainage systems - protection against foreign waters, drainage waste drainage channels (adjustment of agricultural and forestry flow adjustments, collecting tanks, hydraulic calculation channels). 6. Detailed drainage equipment - drainage ditches, drainage, drainage (structure, types and design, hydraulic calculation), special methods drainage. 7. Special drainage construction - drainage pumping stations (pumps, installation, drive configuration), channel and dike construction (degrees, slides, locks, drain facilities, construction to convert the water), construction of a detailed drainage (culverts and crossings, outlets, manholes, pits). 8. Implementation of drainage construction - surveying and exploration work, drainage project, the drainage earthworks, building works (fortifications, planning, laying drains, etc..), the use and operation of drainage structures. 9. Watering the soil - the content and tasks of irrigation (the importance and need), assessment of dry (conditions, water regime, water consumption by plants, causes, incidence, signs) types and methods, effects, historical development. 10. Analysis Mode - general documentation (agro - economic, climatic, hydrological, pedological, fytologické), calculation of irrigation quantity (total quantity of the dose), loss of water during irrigation (on irrigated area, the supply and distribution). Irrigation waste water. 11. The main irrigation equipment - water resources for irrigation (types, features, analysis mode), sampling of irrigation water supply and distribution, waste facilities. 12. Detailed irrigation equipment - irrigation spraying, soaking, heats up and drains. 13. Irrigation construction and objects - pumping station (pump types, layout, drive and installation), objects to guide the flow of transfer and transport, flow measurement and stabilization. Construction and operation of irrigation (survey, design, implementation, use and maintenance). 14. Economic - technical adjustments in soils - the purpose and meaning, relationship to water protection, methods and procedures (division of land, biological reclamation, windbreaks, etc.). Soil erosion - the types and symptoms, ways and methods of implementation. Torrent - meaning and purpose, gravity and flow adjustment. 15. Ponds and reservoirs purpose - types, purpose and meaning, division, conditions, layout and technical solutions (1st Areas and sections, including issues of Irrigation, Drainage, meaning and purpose, assumptions, conditions, influences, links to conservation and water management in landscape, agricultural and forestry management, the possible negative effects, historical development. Practice: Erosion vulnerability assessment project area - the sloping analysis, assessment of the degree of erosion hazard areas, the predominant type erize assessment, design of erosion control measures in the area. Evaluation of drought, irrigation amount of calculations needed.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Other task type Other task type 33  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Written examination Written examination 47  0
                Oral Oral examination 20  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2011/2012 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner