546-0734/03 – Melioration I (M I)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorIng. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year3Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2017/2018
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HAJ21 Ing. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.
DVO203 Ing. Tomáš Dvorský, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 6+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Introduction toiIrrigation and drainage problems. Defining the issue of erosion protection, drainage and irrigation land. Assessment erosion threat of drought, the role of irrigation, causes waterlogging. Design of erosion protection, types of irrigation, water resources for irrigation, the method drainage.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Other activities

Summary

Subject offers total view about problems amelioration, with a view to basic areas - against - erosive protection, drainage and irrigation soil. Set up bases soil science, forms and sorting erosion, characteristics contrivance erosive suits. Generally list-form of macroinstruction with exercise irrigations, with appraisal of quality occurrence dry atmosphere and with sorts irrigations. Describes causes waterlogging of soil and ways and means her drainage.

Compulsory literature:

Thomas D. S. G., Alison R. J.: Landscape sensitivity. Chichester: J. Wiley, 1993. Kovář, P.: Natural recovery of human – made deposits in landscape. Praha: Academia, 2004. Štýs, S.: Recultivation. Most: MUS, 1997.

Recommended literature:

Spaccini, R., Piccolo A., Conte P., Haberhauer G., Gerzabek M. H.: Increased soil organic carbon sequestration through hydrophobic protection by humic substances. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Volume 34, Issue 12, December 2002, Pages 1839-1851. Gzyl J.: Soil protection in Central and Eastern Europe Original Research Article Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Volume 66, Issues 1-2, July 1999, Pages 333-337 Wang X., Li S., Sun Y., Meng X.: Application of visual simulation technology to a soil erosion protection project. Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 84, Issue 1, 11 January 2008, Pages 52-61. Hůla, J. et al.: Agrotechnical erosion measures. Praha: Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation, 2005. Dvořák J., Novák L.: Soil conservation and silviculture. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1994.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Checking through discussion on memorized material. Control of processing a given project.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Individual study of current professional publications.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. The emergence of soil weathering and pedogenic processes. The composition of the soil. 2. Physical properties půdy. Chemical soil composition. 4. Soil Hydrology. Soil types and soil types. 5. Grading and erosion characteristics according to officials. Grading and erosion characteristics by form and intensity. 6. Climate and hydrological factors. Morphological factor. Geological and soil factor. Vegetation factor. 7. Prediction of erosion processes - the universal soil loss equation (USLE). 8. Agricultural and Forestry erosion control measures. Technical anti-erosion measures. 9. The concept and the needs of irrigation, lack of moisture causes, assessment of drought. The role of water in the development of vegetation, water demand of plants (transpiration, evapotranspiration). 10. Effects and economic importance of irrigation, types of irrigation. 11. The need for irrigation water, the total amount of irrigation for supplemental irrigation, water demand for irrigation fertilizing, irrigation dose (duration, number and timing). Water losses, water resources for irrigation. 12. Sprinkler irrigation, irrigation soaking, heats irrigation. Irrigation drainage, waste water irrigation. 13. The causes of waterlogging, drainage purpose. Signs of waterlogged soils, the benefits of drainage. 14. Drainage ways. Major drainage facilities, protection from foreign waters. Buildings on the main drainage facilities 15. Examination of drainage overflow, the establishment of network of canals, drainage skeleton. Detailed drainage - drainage ditches. drainage. Construction of a detailed drainage. Practise: Erosion vulnerability assessment project area - the sloping analysis, assessment of the degree of erosion hazard areas, the predominant type erize assessment, design of erosion control measures in the area. Evaluation of drought, irrigation amount of calculations needed

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester, validity until: 2017/2018 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner