546-0737/03 – Melioration II (M II)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorIng. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2013/2014Year of cancellation2016/2017
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HAJ21 Ing. Jitka Chromíková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Combined Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Analysis of issues of protection and landscaping; technical - economic adjustments soil protection, reclamation and land reclamation, erosion protection methods; torrent and protection sloping territory; foundations and limnobiologie ichthyology, pisciculture foundations; The synthesis of information obtained by studying the above issues and field observations. Applications and design solutions to specific problematic situations.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Other activities

Summary

Subject deepens knowledge and list-form of macroinstruction with next problems concerning areas amelioration, with a view to specific partitions those problems: landscape management; technically - economic adjustment soil; protection, reclamation and rehabilitation of land; manners against - erosive wardships; torrent control and protection shunting slope territory; bases ichthyology and limnobiology; bases fishpond cultivation; exploitation irrigation channel and dewatering systems. Subject directly tie together on required subject melioration I.

Compulsory literature:

Soil and Water: Praha: Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation 2002 – 2005. Coche, A. G., Muir, J. F., Laughlin, T.: Management for freshwater fish culture, ponds and water practice. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1996. Zalewski, M., Naiman, R. J.: The regulation of riverine fish communities by a continuum of abiotic – biotic factors. Symp. EIFAC – FAO, 1984.

Recommended literature:

Individual study of current professional publications.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Checking through discussion on memorized material. Presentation of seminar papers processed. Written control of knowledge of basic concepts.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

other requirements are not

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Protecting and Landscaping - influences and relationships in the amelioration, treatment and streams flow, drainage and irrigation, protected areas, human influence on the landscape. 2. Soil and its water regime, basic soil properties (formation and development), hydrological, climatic, pedological, land and economic conditions and influences, the examining documents. 3. Technical - economic treatment of soil - meaning and purpose, methods and processes (structure and organization of land, windbreaks, relationship to the landscape), agri - technical adjustment (position location cultures, saving soil structure, agro-processing, ensuring the soil moisture). 4. Reclamation of soil - compaction and foaming, sluicing, soil purification, reclamation of drained soils - sands and gravel pits, peat bogs and swamps, restoration and establishment of pastures, planting and maintenance of cultivated plants and vegetation. 5. Reclamation of land after mining - water and biological (drop area, heaps and dumps, tailing ponds). 6. Erosion soil - occurrence and characteristics, types and signs of erosion, the effects and consequences, the development of hydrographic networks, theoretical analysis of erosion - causes and influencing factors, the erosion area (population supercritical, wind erosion). 7. Methods of erosion protection - technical adjustments (securing potholes, ravines, landslides), modification of surface rainfall runoff, soil plant cover - crop rotation, strip cultivation, grassland protection, infiltration and shading the forest belt, blanket afforestation, the process of implementation, maintenance and operation. 8. Torrents - catchment treatment (methods of construction and technical solutions dams, sills, steps and slides, flow modification (modification of the trough, its fortifications, planting in the landscape), the implementation of obstruction of buildings, protection headwater areas. 9. Protecting of the sloping area - origin, causes and consequences, research and monitoring, and methods of protection, solutions and technical equipment, biological methods of calculating the sliding surfaces. 10. Principles of ichthyology and limnobiologie - hydrobiology pond, pond water division, types and properties of cultivated fish, quality requirements and physical properties of water depending on the type of fish, water and nutrition trophy fish abundance, species composition, disease. Fisheries Organization. 11. Ponds - design and uspřádání, structural solutions (dams, shores, bottom), objects (water supply, drain, subscriptions, overflows), protection against pollution and finish quality, hydrological data. 12. Management of water in ponds - the need for water and flushing water losses (evaporation, however, leakage), freezing lakes, clogging and mud logging, handling and operating systems. 13. Ponds - water regime of tanks, hot water pond (carp rearing, fish farming side), cold-water fish farming (raising trout and other fish), intensive fish farms (in cages, silos), breeding waterfowl, fish in water flows. 14. Dewatering of soils and the use of drainage systems - the causes and characteristics of waterlogging, drainage ways and methods (biological, hydromelioration), the effects and benefits (physical, biochemical, biological, economic), possible negative effects. 15. Watering the soil and the use of irrigation systems - the content and tasks of irrigation (importance and need), assessment of drought occurrence (conditions, water regime, causes, incidence, characteristics), types and methods, effects, historical development. Water resources irrigation, types, properties, analysis mode. Practise: Processing and presentation of seminar paper on an assigned topic. Field exercises. Determination of selected tree species.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester, validity until: 2016/2017 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  34
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2016/2017 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102T006) Water Technologies and Water Management K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner