546-0844/01 – Laboratory Practicum (LP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 0+4
Part-time Graded credit 0+12

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Knowledge rendered upon completion of the course: Obtaining increased knowledge and understanding of the reactivity of organic and inorganic compounds. Depending on the previous study it is to gain knowledge on sampling from different environments (eg.: surface water, soil, waste), and their further processing lab, including presentation and evaluation of the results. Skills rendered upon completion of the course: After successfully completing the course will graduate a comprehensive overview and understanding of the theoretical and practical aspects in environmental fields.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs
Terrain work

Summary

The aim of the course is to broaden and deepen the knowledge of chemical laboratory techniques, including the acquisition of practical skills focused on the analysis of both waste, raw materials and other types of environmental samples (air, water, PM, green matter, etc.). The aim of the course is to deepen students' readiness to solve analytic problems by selected instrumental methods not only in the laboratory but also in the field. Provide an overview of selected analytical methods and procedures used to analyze real environmental samples and chemometric evaluation of analytical results.

Compulsory literature:

HARVEY, David: Modern Analytical Chemistry 2.0. Electronic Version. 2OO9, 1071 p. ISBN 0–07–237547–7. Dostupné z: http://acad.depauw.edu/harvey_web/eText%20Project/pdf%20file/AnalChem2.0.pdf. SKOOG, Douglas A. Fundamentals of analytical chemistry. 9th Ed. Belmont, CA: Cengage - Brooks/Cole, 2012. ISBN 978-0-495-55828-6. FIFIELD, F. W. a D. KEALEY. Principles and practice of analytical chemistry. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science, c2000. ISBN 0-632-05384-4. PERTILE, E. Instrumental Methods of Analysis. Ostrava: Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2017. ISBN 978-80-248-4124-3.

Recommended literature:

KEALEY, D a P HAINES. Analytical chemistry. Oxford: BIOS Scientifc Publishers Limited, 2002, x, 342 s. Instant notes series. ISBN 1859961894. KENKEL John: Analytical Chemistry for Technicians. Fourth Edition. 2014. 533 p. ISBN 9781566705196 Dostupné z: http://www.slideshare.net/RonaldTalvat/analytical-chemistry-for-technicians-4th-edition.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Successful processing of part-time assignments in the semester related to laboratory practice; computational and theoretical control tests. Laboratory tasks are chosen to always include individual types of laboratory techniques (sampling and sample preparation, spectrophotometry, volumetry, potentiometry, electrochemical separation methods, etc., including presentation and evaluation of obtained results). Each student works individually on the solved task and draws up a laboratory protocol, which he submits for inspection. The level and accuracy of the laboratory protocol is evaluated by a point assessment. Verification of the acquired knowledge is done by means of control tests (computational and theoretical) and the final credit test.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in practice and submission of all protocols from laboratory tasks. Successful processing of partial tasks related to laboratory practice, which are given in the semester (sampling, sample preparation, etc.). Successful completion of written tests (computational and theoretical) prior to commencing a practical task when the student proves that he / she is sufficiently prepared to solve the given practical task. The requirement is also to successfully pass the final credit test.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction, work safety, laboratory glassware + utilities. 2. Basic laboratory work (weighing, precipitation, filtration, drying, titration, distillation, etc.); calculations: solution composition, titration factor, volumetric factor, pH value, basic statistical parameters. 3. Sampling and analysis of the waste sample: Sampling and sampling (preparatory part, sampling and laboratory sample preparation, sample handling, sampling documentation, liquid waste collection, viscous liquids collection, sludge collection, paste-like material picking, preparation sample mix, sample subtraction procedure, sample packaging and labeling, preservation of the sample). Preparation of aqueous extraction, determination of dry matter content and weight of analytical sample. Separation of liquid and solid phases, analysis of leachate and expression of results (according to methods for water-pH analysis, conductivity, ecotoxicity, DOC, phenolic index, ammonium ions, nitrates, nitrates, fluorides, chlorides, sulphates, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, Zn). 4. Sampling and analysis of water samples: basic general rules, types of sampling, sample types, sampler, method of taking surface, underground, precipitation, wastewater and drinking water; sampling requirements, preservation of samples, transport and storage, pre-analysis. Drinking water analysis (basic concepts, microbiological and biological indicators, physical, chemical and organoleptic indicators). Surface water analysis (basic concepts, immission standards for indicators of permissible surface water pollution, ČSN 75 7221 classification of surface water quality). Basic water analyzes (taste, smell, color, temperature, transparency, turbidity, NK, COD, BOD, chlorine, ammoniacal nitrogen, nitrates, nitrates, Ca + Mg, Sulphates, Chlorides, phosphates, conductivity, pH etc.). 5. Soil sampling and analysis: Determination of basic concepts, factors and conditions of soil formation, soil composition, basic soil properties (color, structure, granularity, soil water, consistency, oxidation-reduction potential, nutrient content, humus content, soil sorption capacity, specific and bulk density, biological properties of soils). Sampling of soils (sampling procedure, adjustment of the volume of quaternary samples). Soil analysis (pH determination, H + fraction in sorption) Soil complex by double pH measurement by Adam and Evans, determination of organically oxidizable carbon). Liquid analysis (determination of phosphates, Fe, Al, Ca, Mg, toxic metals - titration, colorimetry, AAS). 6. Titration methods: Jodometry (BOD, SAVO); Chelation (Ca + Mg); Neutralization titration (KNK, ZNK); Argentometry (Cl); Manganometry (COD); Conductometry (determination of acid and volumetric and conductivity). 7. Gravimetric determination: Sulphates, Fe, Ni, Mg, NL. 8. Distillation: Separation of organic substances, density of alcohol. 9. Solubility: Sample transfer into solution and relationships between structure and solubility. 10. Adsorption: Adsorption properties of activated carbon. 11. Spectrophotometry: Mn, PO4, Cr (VI), Turbidity, ammoniacal nitrogen. 12. Potentiometry: Determination of pH of samples, ISE. 13. Separation methods: TLC, GC, HPLC. 14. Field practice: Sampling, determination of physical, chemical and organoleptic indicators (Polanka) - use of mobile analytical methods.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100 (100) 51
        Vstupní testy Laboratory work 16  0
        Písemka I Written test 10  6
        Písemka II Written test 10  6
        Závěrečný zápočtový test Written test 20  12
        Protokoly Laboratory work 24  16
        Terénní protokol Laboratory work 12  7
        Aktivita Laboratory work 8  4
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904T022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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