546-0852/01 – Contaminants and their behavior in the environment (KŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 8+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The graduate will be able to characterize the properties of individual components of the environment (atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere, biosphere) and combine this knowledge with the occurrence and fate of chemical substances in these components. They will understand the links between the structure of chemical substances, their physicochemical properties and their fate in the environment and the environmental impact on this fate. They will also be able to explain the connection between the sources of pollution and the primary and secondary pollution of individual components of the environment. Characteristics of knowledge and skills to be acquired: Students will be able to interpret the fate of chemicals in the environment, their transport in the environment, interphase transitions, equilibrium in the environment and transformation of chemicals in abiotic and biotic components of the environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs

Summary

A large number of different chemical substances, mainly of anthropogenic origin, are released into the environment. Understanding the fate of contaminants in the environment is a prerequisite for assessing the environmental risks associated with them. Learning outcomes of the course unit The course will provide students with knowledge and experience with the evaluation of the behaviour of contaminants in individual components of the environment. The course focuses on the transformation and transport of significant environmental contaminants, with a particular focus on air, soil, water and sediments.

Compulsory literature:

HITES, R. A. Elements of environmental chemistry. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Intersicence, 2007. xiii, 204. ISBN 9780471998150. IBÁŃEZ, Jorge Guillermo. Environmental chemistry: fundamentals. New York, NY: Springer, 2007. xviii, 334. ISBN 9780387260617. MANAHAN, Stanley E. Environmental chemistry. 9th ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, c2010. ISBN 1420059203. BLEAM, W. F. Soil and environmental chemistry. Second edition. Boston: Elsevier/AP, Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier, 2017. ISBN 978-0-12-804178-9.

Recommended literature:

PERTILE, Eva, Dalibor SUROVKA a Aleš BOŽOŇ. The Study of Occurrences of Selected PAHs Adsorbed on PM10 Particles in Coal Mine Waste Dumps Heřmanice and Hrabůvka (Czech Republic). In: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: SGEM 2016: energy and clean technologies: conference proceedings: 2-5 November, 2016, Extended Scientific Sessions Vienna, Austria, HOFBURG Congress Centre. Volume III. Sofia: STEF92 Technology Ltd., 2016. s. 161-168. ISBN 978-619-7105-82-7. MOLINOVÁ, Barbora, Eva PERTILE a Martina NOVÁČKOVÁ. Water and Sediment Quality Assessment in the Wetland Pateria de Fermentelos (Portugal). Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences. BAIA MARE: North University of BAIA MARE, 2013, 8(2, 2013), s. 133-142. ISSN 1842-4090. PERTILE, Eva, Dalibor SUROVKA, Eliška SARCAKOVA a Aleš BOŽON. Monitoring of Pollutants in an Active Mining Dump Ema, Czech Republic. Inžynieria Mineralna. Kraków: Polskie towarzystwo przeróbki kopalin, 2017, 39(1), s. 45-50. ISSN 1640-4920. LICHTFOUSE, E., J. SCHWARZBAUER a D. ROBERT. Pollutant diseases, remediation, and recycling. Cham: Springer, 2013. Environmental chemistry for a sustainable world, v. 4.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student's knowledge is verified in writing, with emphasis on understanding the given topic and application of theoretical knowledge in solving practical tasks. The evaluation includes collective evaluation and self-evaluation. Active participation of students in lessons is included in the overall assessment.

E-learning

Other requirements

Knowledge of valid chemical nomenclature and terminology according to IUPAC.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. Basic terms and definitions. 2. Origin and fate of pollutants in the environment I - general introduction. Environmental interface and chemical equilibrium. Relationship between chemical structure and reactivity. 3. Origin and fate of pollutants in environment II - Classes of compounds included in the list of priority pollutants. New environmental pollutants. 4. The fate of chemicals in the environment - transport, transformation - basic concepts and relations. 5. Biogeochemical cycles of macrobiotic and microbiogenic elements and important pollutants. 6. Atmospheric pollution and its consequences. Sources and transformation. Smog and its types. PMx. Acidic/dry deposition. 7. Organic compounds in the troposphere: Occurrence of organic compounds in the troposphere. Volatile organic compounds in the troposphere - environmental characteristics of group representatives; degradation processes in the troposphere of selected pollutants. 8. Persistent organic compounds in the troposphere - environmental characteristics of group representatives. Global importance of POPs occurrence in the environment, fate and transport in the environment, deposition of POPs. International Conventions. Inventory POPs 9. Potentially toxic metals in the air: environmental characteristics of PTK and their entry into the environment. Transformation processes of metals in the environment. 10. Organochlorinated pesticides in the troposphere: introduction, environmental characteristics of some important organochlorinated pesticides. 11. Pollution of the pedosphere. Main pollutants occurring in soil and their environmental characteristics. Interaction of pollutants with soil component. Transformation of pollutants in the pedosphere. Distribution of chemicals in soil - diffusion and leaching. Primary and secondary soil pollution. 12. Pollution of the hydrosphere. Chemical reactions in waters, hydrolytic reactions, equilibria in waters (protolytic, complex-forming, precipitation, dissolution, redox). The most common pollutants involved in hydrosphere pollution. 13. Bottom sediments, origin, water-sediment equilibrium, sedimentation, sorption on the sediment surface. 14. Landfills as possible sources of contamination of environmental components.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33 (33) 13
                Semestrální projekt Semestral project 33  13
        Examination Examination 67  27
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Active participation in seminars, proven by successful elaboration of partial tasks, assigned continuously during the semester.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0712A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner