548-0908/04 – Global Navigation and Positioning Systems (GNPS)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of GeoinformaticsCredits10
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Michal Kačmařík, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Michal Kačmařík, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KAC072 doc. Ing. Michal Kačmařík, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The student demonstrates knowledge of: - phenomena and errors affecting GNSS positioning, - GNSS techniques based on differenced and undifferenced observations, - long-term and short-term coordinate changes in time, - estimation of tropospheric and ionospheric parameters from GNSS measurements, - realization of GNSS observation collection for various applications, - the available software in the area of study. The student can: - process data from various GNSS measurements using the Precise Point Positioning method and the double-difference method, - solve long-term routine GNSS processing in order to obtain time series of precise coordinates of receivers, - collect GNSS observations for a following post-processing, - estimate from GNSS observations not only receiver position, but also other unknown parameters (tropospheric, ionospheric, multipath, etc.)

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The course is focusing on increasing theoretical and practical knowledge of advanced techniques for positioning using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) with various types of devices and software while utilizing current possibilities of modernized (GPS, GLONASS) and new (Galileo, BeiDou) navigation satellite systems.

Compulsory literature:

SUBIRANA, S., ZORNOZA, J., HERNANDÉZ-PAJARES, M.: GNSS DATA PROCESSING, Volume I: Fundamentals and Algorithms. European Space Agency, 2013. ISBN:978-92-9221-886-7. HOFMANN-WELLENHOF, B., LICHTENEGGER, H., WASLE, E.: GNSS – Global Navigation Satellite Systems GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, and more, Wien, Springer, 2008, 546 pages, ISBN: 9783211730126. ZEKAVAT, S., BUEHRER, R.M.: Handbook of position location: theory, practice, and advances. Wiley-IEEE Press, 2012. IEEE series on mobile & digital communication. ISBN:978-0-470-94342-7. DACH, R., LUTZ, S., WALSER, P., FRIDEZ, P.: Bernese GNSS Software, Version 5.2. University of Bern, 2015, 884 str. ISBN:978-3-906813-05-9.

Recommended literature:

AWANGE, J. L.: Environmental monitoring using GNSS, Springer, Berlin, 2012, ISBN:978-3-540-88255-8. BOEHM, J., SCHUH, H.: Atmospheric Effects in Space Geodesy, Springer, Berlin, 2013, 234 pages, ISBN:978-3-642-36931-5. MONTENBRUCK, O., STEIGENBERGER, P., HAUSCHILD, A. Comparing the ‘Big 4’ – A User’s View on GNSS Performance, 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), 2020. NAVIPEDIA: https://gssc.esa.int/navipedia/, accessed January 23, 2020.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Presence on consultations, preparation of seminar thesis containing theoretical and practical part, oral exam.


Other requirements

No additional requirements are imposed on the student.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Satellite positioning and navigation. Current Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) - GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou. Factors influencing accuracy of positioning and timing. Raw GNSS data collection. Advanced techniques for positioning. Accuracy improvement in real-time and in post-processing mode. Estimation of other unknown parameters (troposphere, ionosphere, multipath, etc.). GNSS meteorology. Longterm monitoring of object position via GNSS. Elimination of systematic changes in coordinates in time. GNSS applications.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Examination Examination   3
Mandatory attendence participation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2023/2024 (P0532D330037) Geoinformatics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2023/2024 (P0532D330037) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (P0532D330037) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (P0532D330037) Geoinformatics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0532D330037) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0532D330037) Geoinformatics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

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