616-0402/01 – Waste Treatment (NsO)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental Protection in IndustryCredits3
Subject guarantorIng. Jiří Fiedor, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Jiří Fiedor, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMT, HGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master, Bachelor, Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
FIE38 Ing. Jiří Fiedor, Ph.D.
VLC37 doc. Ing. Jozef Vlček, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Combined Credit and Examination 18+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- student will know to define the basic reqirements comming form the valid legislative in the given area - student will know the basic obligations of waste producers - student will know the sources of wastes from the production and consumption area - student will know analyse the waste samples for the basic physical and thermochemical properties

Teaching methods

Lectures
Seminars
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The subject is focused on the problems of waste management area, the sources and kinds of wastes, its selection, methods of disposal and the legislative in this area.

Compulsory literature:

1. Rhyner R. CH.: Waste Management and Resource Recovery. CRC Press 1995.

Recommended literature:

1. Woodard F.: Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook. BH Boston 2001. 2. Rathje W., Murphy C.: Rubish – The Archaeology of Garbage, Edited by Harper Perennial, New York, 1993

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

control test

E-learning

Fiedor, J. Odpadové hospodářství I., e-learning study support, 2010. (Waste Management I.)

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
616-0413 OŽP Environmental Protection Recommended

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1st Introduction to Waste Management. Causes of waste. Species and categories of waste. Historical development of waste management. Hazardous Properties waste. Evaluation of the hazards of waste. Sources and incidence of waste. Priorities waste. Use of waste. Recycling and recovery of waste. Costs waste disposal. 2nd Legislation on waste management. Act No. 185/2001 Coll. the waste. The concept of waste, hazardous waste, municipal waste and other terms. The classification of waste under the Waste Catalogue. Authorization for evaluation of hazardous properties of waste. Certificate of absence of hazardous properties of waste. General obligations in waste management. 3rd Ministry Decree No. 383/2001 Coll. details of waste management. Request for approval to operate a facility for recovery, disposal, purchase and waste collection. Technical requirements for equipment to use, disposal, collection and purchase of waste. The technical requirements for landfills and their operation conditions. The method of evaluation of waste leaching under. 4th Ministry Decree No. 381/2001 Coll. Establishing a catalog of waste. List hazardous waste classification procedure for waste according to EWC. Green, yellow and red list wastes. The procedure for granting permission to import, export and transit of waste. Ministry Decree No. 376/2001 Coll. Assessment hazardous waste characteristics. Person in charge. The definition of hazardous properties of waste. Methods for evaluation of hazardous properties of waste. Consumption samples. The procedure for evaluation of hazardous properties. Certificate of Exclusion hazardous properties. 5th Municipal waste. Collection of municipal wastes. Classification and Separate collection of municipal wastes. Hazardous substances in municipal wastes. The use of municipal wastes. Disposal of municipal solid waste. Problems the landfilling of municipal wastes. Mechanical sorting of household waste. Material and energy recovery of municipal wastes. Packaging materials municipal wastes. Representation of individual components of household waste. Influence the packaging on the environment. Sludge from municipal sewage treatment plants. Raw sludge and stabilized sludge. The composition of sludge from wastewater treatment plants (pathogenic micro-organisms, heavy metals). Thickening, stabilization, dewatering, disinfection. Anaerobic stabilization, biogas production. Combustion and pyrolysis of sludge from wastewater treatment plants. Wastes from the food industry. Types of waste generated and the compen food processing. Animal fats and dairy products (containing PCBs). Waste water with high content of NaCl, NO3-, NO2-, antibiotics. Use of waste as feed, food waste, energy use, biological transformation of compost and biogas. 6th Waste from industry. Oxygen compounds (alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones), nitrogen compounds (amines, trinitrotoluene, nitriles), sulfur compounds (thiols, sulfides), hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs, halogenated hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls. Recycling and recovery industrial waste. The basic concept of treatment of industrial waste. Ecological aspects of industrial waste. Basic processing techniques and industrial waste disposal (incineration, pyrolytic decomposition, the melting slag, neutralization and precipitation, desalting, anaerobic digestion). waste inorganic chemical production. Sulfuric acid, ammonia, sodium hydroxide, chlorine, phosphoric acid, nitric acid. Recycling of used catalysts and sludge. Wastes containing fluoride. Cyanides. Wastes from organic chemical production. Surfactants, organic dyes, pigments, pharmaceuticals, pesticides. Polymer waste (ethylene, phenol, propylene, formaldehyde). Metal-bearing wastes. Galvanic bath. Iron oxides. Chelatizační agents. Recycling of metal waste content of aluminum, copper, lead, cadmium. Wastes from the production of metals. Wastes metalworking. Amortization management. Methods of treatment and recovery. Processing of galvanic sludge. Waste from glass plants. Fragments containing metal impurities (Pb, Se, Sb, Cd), slag and lining High containing heavy metals. Abrasive waste residues are abrasive. Waste glass etching. Regeneration of glass fibers. 7th Wastes from industries. Cement powder, salt kalírenské. Chlorinated hydrocarbons (chlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, furans). Used Cooling liquid emulsion cutting machining operations. Remnants of paint and paint shops spray boxes. Detergents. Spent oil filters and used grease from dismantled machines. Oil sludge from hardening of the spa remnants of scale. Waste from construction activities. Waste from building construction. Waste from transportation and civil engineering. Soils and excavation materials, construction debris, Road demolition materials, construction waste from construction sites. Modification of construction waste and its recovery. 8th Wastes from the leather industry. Chemical materials to dissolve animal skins for leather (concentrated solution of lime and hydrate of sodium sulfate). Waste from chromočinění, chromium salts, sodium formate. Waste from leather production processes (waste oil, waste hair, keratin waste). Evaluation and utilization Waste from the leather industry. Wastes from the textile industry. Synthetic polymer fibers. Dyes, lubricants and antistatic agents (nitrophenol aromatic amines, sulfur compounds). Types of textile materials and their generated waste (fiber, yarn, textile surface formations nesortimentní waste). Appropriate methods of recovery and processing of textile waste. 9th Wastes from the energy industry. The waste products of energy Industry (ash, fly ash, slag). The harmful effect of ash on health and environment. Use of fly ash and slag in construction (concrete, brick production, fillers in cement, road construction). The practical possibilities of fly ash in agriculture. Wastes from the manufacture of electrical equipment containing PCBs. Mixtures of chemicals in the manufacture of photographic materials. Wastes from the desulfurization equipment. PVC container. Wastes from the manufacture of electrical components. 10th Wastes from mining, transportation, processing and use of oil. Volatile organic VOC substances. Spent lubricating oil UMO. Waste resulting from transport of oil (Maritime transport, transport pipelines, road and rail transport). Procedures due to accidents on water bodies and streams. Emissions from processing plants oil. Liquid wastes generated during oil refining. Refinery sludge. Technological waste streams resulting from processing oil refining waste petroleum oils, spent bleaching clay, coating and incrustation from storage tanks, contaminated soil and dust). Spent refining agents and chemicals. Minimizing the amount of waste. Optimize the use of refinery wastes. Final refined methods of processing waste. 11th Waste from agriculture and forestry. Wastes from crop production and treatment (straw, waste pickling seeds, plastic packaging, inorganic agrochemicals, organic pesticide residues). Waste from livestock production. Litter and litter operations. Production of biogas. Utilization and processing of manure. Processing of agricultural waste abroad. Utilization and processing of wood. Waste in the pulp. Energy recovery from waste wood. Usage waste from production of paper and paperboard. 12th Waste treatment technologies. Thermal methods of waste treatment (Combustion, the general scheme of waste incineration, combustion products and waste them, pyrolysis of waste). 13th Biological methods of waste treatment. Aerobic and anaerobic degradation and its principles. Physical, chemical and physico-chemical methods of processing waste. 14th Storing waste in landfills and underground spaces. Seals and landfill drainage. Landfill facilities. Exclusion criteria for the construction of landfills. Reclamation, rehabilitation and aftercare of the landfill. Fees for storage of waste landfill. Financial reserve.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 20 (20) 0
                Laboratory work Laboratory work 5  0
                Project Project 5  0
                Written exam Written test 5  0
                Other task type Other task type 5  0
        Examination Examination 80 (80) 0
                Written examination Written examination 40  0
                Oral Oral examination 40  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history
Combined form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (145) 51
        Examination Examination 100  0
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 3 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
FMMI 2016/2017 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2015/2016 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2014/2015 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI_N 2014/2015 Full-time Czech Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2013/2014 Full-time Czech Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2013/2014 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2012/2013 Full-time Czech Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI_ECTS 2011/2012 Full-time Czech Compulsory 600 - Faculty of Materials Science and Technology - Dean's Office stu. block