616-2006/01 – Basics of Hydrology and Pedology (ZHaP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental Protection in IndustryCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Dr. Ing. Radmila KučerováSubject version guarantordoc. Dr. Ing. Radmila Kučerová
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year3Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KUC25 doc. Dr. Ing. Radmila Kučerová
PAV13 Ing. Irena Pavlíková
LAC0012 Ing. Eva Szotkowská Lacková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Basic skills assessment measurement of basic hydrological variables, their statistical and graphical processing - Basic skills characterize basin - Basic skills assessment to measure basic Hydropedological variables, their statistical and graphical processing - Basic skills soil classification

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Studied the basics of hydrology, quantification of water supplies in the hydrosphere. They studied elements of the hydrological balance, procedures for the measurement of basic hydrological variables, their statistical and graphical processing. Further studies focused on soil forming factors, physical and physico-chemical characteristics of the soil, agrochemical soil characteristics, soil water, hydrostatics and hydrodynamics of soil water, soil classification. Finally, attention is paid to movement of water below the surface, hydropedological survey and soil water regime.

Compulsory literature:

• BRUTSAERT, Wilfried. Hydrology: An Introduction. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005. 605 p. ISBN-13: 978-0521824798.

Recommended literature:

• Hydrology Handbook. 2nd ed. USA : American Society of Civil Engineers, 1996. 864 p. ISBN: 0-7844-0138-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Other requirements

- control test - presentation on the specific topic

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Basic concepts. The importance of hydrology and distribution. The development of hydrology. The emergence of water. Hydrosphere and its components. Distribution of water on Earth. The occurrence of water on Earth. 2nd River Basin. Rainfall-runoff process in the basin. The hydrological cycle. Hydrological balance. Balance equations. 3rd atmospheric moisture. Fumes. Precipitation (formation of a species, extreme rainfall, precipitation measurements, surface and temporal distribution of precipitation.). 4th Watercourses. River network (classification essential characteristics). Water conditions and their observations. Flow measurement. Specific flow curve. Lines fifth frequency and flow duration curves. Impacts to surface runoff. Maximum flow rates. Minimum flows. Lines sixth frequency and flow duration curves. Impacts to surface runoff. Maximum flow rates. Minimum flows. Winter flow regime and ice phenomena. Floods. Seventh water tank. Purpose of reservoirs and their distribution. River Basin reservoirs, determine the maximum amount of runoff. Dams. Thermal and chemical stratification. The movements of water masses. 8th subsurface water. Groundwater. Hydrological balance of groundwater quality and its evaluation. Underground drainage component. Overview of methods for determining the underground effluent constituents. 9th pedogenesis (pedogenetic factors - the mother substrate, climate, organisms, topography, groundwater, human activity, the effect of time), partial pedogenetic processes - weathering, soil humus, peat, translocation and accumulation). 10. Physical properties of soil (soil texture, soil porosity, soil water, soil air, soil thermal regime). Soil Chemistry and agrochemical soil properties. 11th Systematics and classification of soils (soil profile and characteristics of soil horizons). Soil types. 12th Soil Fertility. Soil Fund. Agricultural soil improvement. 13th Hydropedology: Characteristics of soil water. Category soil water. The potential of soil water. Classification systems of soil water. Measurement of soil moisture. Thermodynamics of soil water. 14th of soil water regime (hydropedological basic balance equations, sources of water in the soil, evapotranspiration, soil water regime types, hydrologic function of soil types). Influence of drainage on land. Effect of irrigation on soil.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2014/2015 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  10
        Examination Examination 70 (70) 25
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 40  20
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 30  5
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
FMST 2019/2020 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2018/2019 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2017/2018 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block