616-2026/02 – Basics of Hydrology and Pedology (ZHaP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental Protection in IndustryCredits4
Subject guarantorIng. Eva Szotkowská Lacková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Eva Szotkowská Lacková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PAV13 Ing. Irena Pavlíková
LAC0012 Ing. Eva Szotkowská Lacková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- Basic skills assessment measurement of basic hydrological variables, their statistical and graphical processing - Basic skills characterize basin - Basic skills assessment to measure basic Hydropedological variables, their statistical and graphical processing - Basic skills soil classification

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Bbasics of hydrology, quantification of water supplies in the hydrosphere are studied. Elements of the hydrological balance, procedures for the measurement of basic hydrological variables, their statistical and graphical processing are studied. Further the study is focused on soil forming factors, physical and physico-chemical characteristics of the soil, agrochemical soil characteristics, soil water, hydrostatics and hydrodynamics of soil water, soil classification. Finally, attention is paid to movement of water below the surface, hydropedological survey and water regime of soil.

Compulsory literature:

BRUTSAERT, Wilfried. Hydrology: An Introduction. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005. 605 p. ISBN-13: 978-0521824798.

Recommended literature:

Hydrology Handbook. 2nd ed. USA : American Society of Civil Engineers, 1996. 864 p. ISBN: 0-7844-0138-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- credit test - active participation

E-learning

https://www.fmmi.vsb.cz/modin/cs/studijni-opory/resitelsky-tym-1-procesni-inzenyrstvi/environmentalni-aspekty-ochrany-vod-a-pud/

Other requirements

- credit test - active participation - excursion report

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Basic concepts. The importance of hydrology and distribution. The development of hydrology. The emergence of water. Hydrosphere and its components. Distribution of water on Earth. The occurrence of water on Earth. 2. River Basin. Rainfall-runoff process in the basin. The hydrological cycle. Hydrological balance. Balance equations. 3. atmospheric moisture. Fumes. Precipitation (formation of a species, extreme rainfall, precipitation measurements, surface and temporal distribution of precipitation.). 4. Watercourses. River network (classification essential characteristics). Water conditions and their observations. Flow measurement. Specific flow curve. 5. Lines fifth frequency and flow duration curves. Impacts to surface runoff. Maximum flow rates. Minimum flows. 6. frequency and flow duration curves. Impacts to surface runoff. Maximum flow rates. Minimum flows. Winter flow regime and ice phenomena. Floods. 7. Water tank. Purpose of reservoirs and their distribution. River Basin reservoirs, determine the maximum amount of runoff. Dams. Thermal and chemical stratification. The movements of water masses. 8. Subsurface water. Groundwater. Hydrological balance of groundwater quality and its evaluation. Underground drainage component. Overview of methods for determining the underground effluent constituents. 9. Pedogenesis (pedogenetic factors - the mother substrate, climate, organisms, topography, groundwater, human activity, the effect of time), partial pedogenetic processes - weathering, soil humus, peat, translocation and accumulation). 10. Physical properties of soil (soil texture, soil porosity, soil water, soil air, soil thermal regime). Soil Chemistry and agrochemical soil properties. 11. Systematics and classification of soils (soil profile and characteristics of soil horizons). Soil types. 12. Soil Fertility. Soil Fund. Agricultural soil improvement. 13. Hydropedology: Characteristics of soil water. Category soil water. The potential of soil water. Classification systems of soil water. Measurement of soil moisture. Thermodynamics of soil water. 14. Water regime of soil (hydropedological basic balance equations, sources of water in the soil, evapotranspiration, soil water regime types, hydrologic function of soil types). Influence of drainage on land. Effect of irrigation on soil.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  5
        Examination Examination 70  25
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 80% participation in excercises

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
FMT+9360 2020/2021 Full-time English Optional 600 - Faculty of Materials Science and Technology - Dean's Office stu. block
FMT-new subjects 2019/2020 Full-time English Optional 600 - Faculty of Materials Science and Technology - Dean's Office stu. block