617-0808/01 – Non-Fuel Utilization of Coal (NVU)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Petr Pánek, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Petr Pánek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation2016/2017
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KOU37 Mgr. Ivan Koutník, Ph.D.
PAN37 doc. Ing. Petr Pánek, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Contribution to the understanding of the relationship between structure and technological properties of coal.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

This subject is focused on the thermochemical breakdown and associated thermal reactions of coal during their coking, liquefaction and gasification. Coal as a major source of carbon materials. Regular instruction in Czech. Individual consulting and examination may be taken in English.

Compulsory literature:

[1]Berkowitz,N.: An introduction to coal technology. Academic Press 1994

Recommended literature:

[1]]Harry Marsh,H., Heintz, E.A., Rodríguez-Reinoso,F. (Eds.): Introduction to carbon technologies. Universidad de Alicante. 2000

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

There are no additional requirements for students.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. Review of coal and its structure. The processes of coal carbonization. The use of coal in metallurgy. 2. Raw material base of organic chemistry. World coal reserves and the oil crises. Environmental risks of utilization of coal as an energy and chemical resource (greenhouse effect). Clean Coal Technology. 3. Chemicals from coal. Coal tar, its composition and properties. Processing of coal tar and its products, current status and perspectives. 4. Coal tar pitch, its origin, composition and physico-chemical properties. Basic processings of tar-pitch. Pyrolysis of pitch. Coal tar-pitch for the elektrode production. 5. Reducting agents based on coal and their utilization for blast furnace technology. Discontinuous and continuous processes of coke production. Current status and and perspectives. 6. Coal and its derivatives in the sorbent production. The porous structure of coal and its sorption properties. Methods of evaluation of sorbents. Carbon-based molecular sieves. Industrial applications of coal sorbents and their perspectives. 7. Coal Liquefaction. Interaction of coal with solvents. Extraction and degradation of coal, supercritical extraction. Direct and non-direct liquefaction of coal. History and future. 8. Gasification of coal. Conventional and advanced coal gasification technologies. Production of synthesis gas. C1-chemistry, its possibilities and prospects. 9 Co-processing (a combined treatment of organic waste and coal). Trends in waste utilization. The processes of gasification, pyrolysis and liquefaction of coal with waste of organic origin. Current status and prospects. 10. Carbon and its allotropes (graphite, diamond, fullerene) and forms (amorphous carbon, carbon blacks, pyrocarbons). Graphite and its modifications. Graphitization and its stages. Investigation of graphitic structure. Graphite intercalates. Chemical and physical properties. 11. Diamond. Technical diamond. Properties and production of artificial diamonds. Diamond layers. Amorphous carbon, its properties, production and utilization. 12. Carbon fibers. The carbon-fiber technologies - oxidation, grafitization and carbonization processes. Precursors. Carbon fibers based on pitch and polymers, their properties and utilization. Composites. 13.Fullerenes and fullerites, nanotubes, onion-like structures. Physical and chemical properties. Short review of nanotechnology. 14. Coal and biotechnology. Microbial degradation of coal substance. Microbial coal desulphurization processes, their current status and prospects. Laboratory 1. Introduction.Safety work in laboratory. 2.Preparation of the coal-tar pitch sample (by Soxhlet extraction) 3. Measurement and interpretation of the 1H NMR spectrum (extraction product) 4. Measurement and interpretation of IR spectra (extraction product) 5. Determination of molecular weight (VPO) 6. Calculation of structural parameters of a statistically average structural unit of extraction product (Brown-Ladner) 7. Preparation of carbonaceous sorbent 8. Determination of the pore distribution of carbonaceous material (mercury porosimetry) 9. Determination of sorption properties of carbonaceous sorbent. 10. Swelling properties of coal and their determination. Interpretation of results. 11. Laboratory isolation of naphthalene from crude naphthalene oil, its purification and determination of basic properties. 12. Chromatographic analysis of naphthalene oil 13.Excursion to the coal-tar processing plant (Deza, Valašské Meziříčí).

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2010/2011 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 30 (30) 0
                Laboratory work Laboratory work 30  0
        Examination Examination 70 (70) 0
                Written examination Written examination 30  0
                Oral Oral examination 40  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2015/2016 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner