617-0975/02 – Chemistry and Technology of Fuels (CHTP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits10
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Lucie Bartoňová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Lucie Bartoňová, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BAR57 doc. Mgr. Lucie Bartoňová, Ph.D.
KOU37 Mgr. Ivan Koutník, Ph.D.
PAN37 doc. Ing. Petr Pánek, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The course objective is to equip the student with knowledge of chemical and environmental aspects, current and perspective technologies and policy of fuels production and utilization. Student will be able to: - characterize the principles of fuel processes - create and evaluate the mass and energy balances of these processes - assess the quality of material inputs into fuel processes - assess environmental risks of selected technologies - find optimal waste treatment practices

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations

Summary

The course is devoted to the theory of thermal processes and their application on an industrial scale. It will provide comprehensive knowledge on the processing and energy use of fossil carbon fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and biofuels with a close link to environmental protection. They will become acquainted with the new trends in fuel industry and strategic concepts from the viewpoint of the Czech Republic and world.

Compulsory literature:

SPEIGHT, J.G. Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum. CRC/Taylor & Francis 2007. 945 s.ISBN 0-471-36167-4. KLASS, D: Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals Elsevier Inc. 1998, 651s. (dostupné jako e-book). BERKOWITZ,N. An introduction to coal technology. Academic Press 1994. 398 s. ISBN 9780120919512. SCHOBERT, H. Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels. Cambridge University Press, 2013, ISBN 9780511844188, https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511844188. KANDIAOTI,R., HEROD,A., BERTLE,K. Solid Fuels and Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids. Elsevier 2006. 353 s.ISBN 0-080-44486-5.

Recommended literature:

LIU,R.S. (Ed.) Electrochemical technologies for energy storage and conversion. Weinheim : Wiley-VCH,2012, 383 s. ISBN: 978-3-527-32869-7. Časopisy: Fuel, Energy and Fuels, Erdöl and Kohle, Erdgas, Petrochemie, Fuel Processing Technology, Fuel Science and Technology International, Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Materials, Environmental Pollution, Waste Management

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Presentation of seminar paper and oral exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

Individual requirements are based on PhD thesis subject.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Renewable and non-renewable energy sources. Economic aspects of fuel use. Fuel industry development and prospects. Genesis of caustobiolites and their world sources. Theory of thermal processes (pyrolysis, combustion, gasification). Mass and energy balances. Solid fuels. Chemistry of coal carbonization. Self-ignition process. Production of liquid fuels from coal. Clean Coal Technology. Non-energy utilization of coal and its products. Liquid fuels. Crude oil composition and oil classification. Mining, basic processing, transport and storage technologies. Alternative fuels (bitumen sands, extra heavy oil, kerogenous rocks, shale gas). Gaseous fuels (natural gas, CBM, hydrogen). Gasification of coal. Reactors for gasification. Underground gasification process. Cleaning and storage of gas fuels. Biofuels (alcohols, biodiesel, biogas). Combustion, gasification and pyrolysis of biomass. Direct conversion of chemical to electrical energy. Principle, design and types of fuel cells. Applications and perspectives. Fuel for mobile devices. Combustion of fuels in diesel, spark and reactive engines. Manufacture of fuels and lubricants. Co-processing. Processes of gasification, pyrolysis and liquefaction of coal with organic wastes. Fuels in metallurgy. Classic and alternative carbonaceous fuels in the production of agglomerates, pig iron, steel and ferro-alloys. Quality requirements. Environmental aspects of fuel utilization. Carbonaceous fuels and the environment. (emissions, smog, greenhouse effect, oil pollutions). Chemistry of CO2-sequestration. Degradation of petroleum and its derivatives.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (P0713D070002) Thermal engineering and fuels in industry K English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0713D070002) Thermal engineering and fuels in industry P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (P0713D070002) Thermal engineering and fuels in industry K English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (P0713D070002) Thermal engineering and fuels in industry P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner