617-2005/01 – Organic Chemistry (OCh)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits7
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Lenka Kulhánková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Lenka Kulhánková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year3Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KUL37 doc. Ing. Lenka Kulhánková, Ph.D.
PAN37 doc. Ing. Petr Pánek, CSc.
PAV33 Ing. Jan Pavelka, ING.PAED.IGIP
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 4+3

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to define the binding properties of carbon, - to detect intermolecular interactions and their effect on the melting point, the boiling point and the solubility of organic compounds, - to define the separation of organic compounds into groups, - to know the nomenclature of organic compounds, - to describe the relationship between structure and properties of organic compounds, - to describe the physical properties of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, - to describe the reactivity of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, - to describe the most common hydrocarbons and their derivatives, - to define the basic groups, structure, properties and methods of preparation for polymeric substances. Acquired knowledge: - the ability to define a core group of organic compounds, - the ability to determine the name of organic compounds, - the ability to characterize the relationship between structure and properties of organic substances, - the ability to characterize the reactions of organic compounds. Acquired skills: - the ability to apply theoretical knowledge points to selected technological processes, - the ability to use basic laboratory techniques (filtration, recrystallization, distillation, decantation, cooling, etc.), - the ability to use basic methods of preparing organic compounds (esterification, diazotization, etc.).

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The review of the key principles of the organic chemistry, modern methods of organic synthesis and organic analysis, as well as extension of the knowledge about the most important groups of organic compounds.

Compulsory literature:

MCMURRY, John. Organic chemistry. 6th ed. Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole, c2004. ISBN 0-534-38999-6.

Recommended literature:

SOLOMONS, T. W. Graham a Craig B. FRYHLE. Organic chemistry [CD-ROM]. 8th ed. Hoboken: Wiley, c2004. ISBN 0-471-41799-8.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Passing the credit tests. Passing of the desired number of laboratory exercises and handing of laboratory protocols. Submission and presentation of the essay.

Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
617-2001 CH I. Chemistry I. Compulsory
617-2002 CH II. Chemistry II. Compulsory

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures 1. Introduction into the organic chemistry. History of organic chemistry. Bonding power of carbon (molecular orbitals,  and  bond, energy of bond, polarity of bond, hybridization, effects of electron). Relation between the structure and the properties of substances. Intermolecular interaction (van der Waals interaction, interaction of dipole, hydrogen bonds) and their influence on the melting temperature, boiling temperature and solubility. 2. Principles of stereochemistry of organic compounds. Drawing organic molecules (types of formulae, projection, models, 3D-shape of molecules). Polymerism and isomerism (constitutional, geometric, enantiomeric). The conformation of organic compounds. 3. Chemical reactions of organic compounds. Classification of organic reactions. Homolysis and heterolysis. Electrophilic and nucleophilic agents. Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons. Nomenclature of saturated hydrocarbons. Radical substitution. Cracking (catalyzed and uncatalyzed) and isomerization. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Resources of hydrocarbons and their application. 4. Unsaturated hydrocarbons. Radical and ion addition on double bond. Elimination reactions. Resources of unsaturated hydrocarbons and their industrial application. 5. Aromatic compounds. Delocalization of  electrons. Electrophilic aromatic substitution (nitration, sulfonation, alcylation, acylation, halogenation) and others reactions. Resources of aromates and their industrial application. Toxicity of polyaromatic compounds. 6. Derivatives of hydrocarbons. Halogen derivatives. Physical properties, toxicity and application. Synthesis and important reactions. 7. Nitrogen derivatives of hydrocarbons (nitrocompounds, amines, diazonium salts, azocompounds). Physical properties, toxicity and application. Synthesis and important reactions. Alkaloids. 8. Sulfur derivatives of hydrocarbons (thioalcohols and thiophenols, sulfides, sulfonic acids). Physical properties and application. Synthesis and important reactions. Detergents. 9. Oxygen derivatives of hydrocarbons. Alcohols and phenols. Ethers. Physical properties, toxicity and application. Synthesis and important reactions. 10. Carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones). Physical properties, toxicity and application. Synthesis and important reactions. Organometallic compounds. Reactivity, toxicity and application. Grignard reagents and their reactions. 11. Carboxylic acids. Physical properties and application. Synthesis and important reactions (acidity versus structure, neutralization, esterification, decarboxylation). 12. Substitutional derivatives of carboxylic acids. Halogen-, Hydroxy-, Oxo, and Amino-acids. Physical properties and application. Synthesis and important reactions. 13. Functional derivatives of carboxylic acids. Acylhalides. Anhydrides. Esters. Amides. Nitriles. Physical properties, toxicity and application. Synthesis and important reactions. Derivatives of carbonic acid (phosgene, urea and their sulfur analogues). 14. Polymers (types, structure, properties, basic reactions of polymers preparation, overview of technically most important polymers). Theoretical tutorials - Introductory information (schedule of the seminar, the conditions for obtaining credit and recommended literature). Entering of seminar papers. Bonding power of carbon. - Structure, formula, model. Inference of molecular formula, rational formula and structural formula. Determination of isomerism type for given compounds. - Nomenclature of organic compounds. - Nomenclature of organic compounds. - Nomenclature of organic compounds. - Nomenclature of organic compounds. - Presentation of seminar papers. Experimental work in labs - Work safety in the laboratory, introduction to laboratory exercises, basic informations about exercises and requirements for laboratory protocols processing. Preparation of iodoform. - Preparation of 1-nitronaphtalene. - Preparation of 4-nitroaniline. - Preparation of para red. - Preparation of fumaric acid. - Preparation of acetylsalicylic acid. - Preparation of ethyl formate.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2014/2015 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 30  16
        Examination Examination 70  35
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner