617-2006/01 – Classical Analytical Methods (MKA)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Lucie Bartoňová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Lucie Bartoňová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master, Bachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BAR57 doc. Mgr. Lucie Bartoňová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Subject objectives: - to provide survey of classical analytical methods, - to describe principles of individual analytical methods, - to describe technique of sample preparation prior to analysis itself, - to use fundamental procedures of analytical calculations, - to perform analytical measurements in laboratory, - to assess practical possibilities of utilization of individual analytical methods (advantages and drawbacks). Acquired knowledge: - to characterize fundamental terms, variables and units used in analytical chemistry, - to define fundamental methods in analytical chemistry, - to characterize basic procedures of samples preparation prior to analysis itself, - to characterize principles, advantages and drawbacks of individual methods of classical analytical chemistry. Acquired skills: - capability to perform fundamental analytical calculations for classical analytical methods, - capability to perform practical analytical measurements in laboratory (using gravimetric and titration methods), - capability to chose suitable analytical method for derermination of given analyte.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Lectures of Classical Analytical Methods are focused to description of fundamental theory, principles, calculations, sample preparation and utilization of gravimetric and titrimetric analytical methods. Calculation of typical exercises is trained during calculation seminars; practical skills needed for analytical measurements are obtained during laboratory classes.

Compulsory literature:

CHRISTIAN, Gary D. Analytical chemistry. 5th Ed., New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1994. ISBN 0471597619.

Recommended literature:

DE LEVIE, Robert. Aqueous acid-base equilibria ans titrations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780198506171.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Passing the of computational tests. Passing the of desired number of laboratory exercises and handing of laboratory protocols.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures 1. Introduction, fundamental terms, survey of analytical–chemistry methods, variables and units, fundamental analytical calculations, analytical method and procedure, normalization in analytical chemistry, reference materials 2. Reaction kinetics, reaction rate, rate constant, Arrhenius equation, catalysis and autocatalysis, reactions of first, pseude-first and second order, Gibb´s free energy, enthalpy and entropy, chemical equilibria, equilibrium constant, activity, activity coefficient, ionic strenth of solution 3. Neutralization equilibria: acid - base theory, weak and strong acids and bases, buffers, salt hydrolysis, fundamental calculations 4. Complex – formation equilibria: complex types, utilization of complexes in analytical chemistry, stability constant, conditional stability constant, fundamental calculations 5. Precipitation equilibria: solubility product, solubility, solubility examples of some compounds and utilization in analytical chemistry, fundamental calculations 6. Redox equilibria: Electrochemical potential and its calculation, Peters equation, Nernst equation, examples of some important redox systems and its utilization in analytical chemistry, fundamental calculations 7. Evaluation of analytical results – normal distribution, tests for outlying results, precision and acuracy of results and corresponding tests, reference materials, confidence interval, characteristics of analytical methods 8. Sample collection (gaseous, liquid and solid samples), sample preparation prior to analysis and their preconcentration (extraction liquid / liquid phase, liquid/solid phase etc.), sample decomposition, conservation, applications 9. Volumetric analysis – titration curve, equivalence point and its detection, standardization of volumetric solutions, titration types. Neutralization titration: titration of strong acids with strong bases, titration of weak acids and weak bases, calculation of titration curves, indicators and its selection for given reaction, alcalimetry and acidimetry, practical examples 10. Complex-fromation titrations (mercurimetry, chelatometry), titration agents, indicators, effect of pH, titration curve calculations, direct and back titrations, practical examples of utilization 11. Precipitation titrations: argentometry, indication of equivalence point, utilization in analytical praxis. Gravimetry: gravimetric factor, precipitate formation, effect of pH, postprecipitation, filtration and rinsing of precipitates, drying and calcination, organic agents, practical examples 12. Separation methods in classical analytical chemistry: distillation, rectification, sublimation, extraction liquid / liquid phases, ionic exchange, adsorption on various adsorbents, preparational chromatography (column and thin-layer), applications 13. Fundamentals of qualitative analytical chemistry – separation of inorganic anions and cations, groups of cations and anions, verification reactions, elemental analysis (O, C, N and H) 14. Practical examples of analyses of silicates, steel and iron, slags, effluents, fuels etc. Sample collection, decomposition, titration and gravimentic analyses and evaluation of analysis results Theoretic/calculation classes 1. Fundamental variables, units, mutual relations 2. Analyte content in solution / solid / gaseous sample 3. Mixing of solutions 4. Gravimetry 5. Volumetric analysis (titrations) 6. Volumetric analysis (titrations) 7. Test 8. pH – strong acids and bases 9. pH – weak acids and bases 10. Solubility product 11. Redox potential – fundamental variables and equations 12. Redox potential – effect of oH, equivalence point 13. Quantification and evaluation of analytical results 14. Test Laboratory classes 1. Safety precautions, organization of laboratory classes, fundamental instructions of analytical glassware, procedures and equipment 2. Fundamental analytical precedures – callibration of pipette / byurette 3. Gravimetric determination of nickel 4. Gravimetric determination of iron 5. Gravimetric determination of calcium 6. Alkalimetric determination of H3PO4, Cerimetric determination of K4[Fe(CN)6] content 7. Determination of Mn in steel by means of VIS - spectrometry, Determination of Mn in steel by means of redox titration 8. Alkalimetirc determination of calcium carbonate content in limestone, Alkalimetric determination of boric acid content 9. Chelatometric determination of calcium and magnesium, Chelatometric determination of aluminium using back titration 10. Determination of neutralizing capacity of water, Determination of chemical oxygen demand using KMnO4 11. Chelatomeric determination of Bi and Pb, Mercurimetric determination of choride ions 12. Argentometric determination of chloride ions, Iodometric determination of iodate ions 13. Determination of iron in iron ore using potassium permanganate titration, Gravimetric determination of loss on ignition of limestone 14. Finishing operations, missing measurements, test reparation

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45  20
        Examination Examination 55  15
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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