617-2016/01 – Methods of Environmental Analysis (MAŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits7
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Petr Praus, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Petr Praus, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year3Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PRA37 prof. Ing. Petr Praus, Ph.D.
VON37 Ing. Jiřina Vontorová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the subject is to have students acquainted with the basic chemical and physical methods used for monitoring organic and inorganic substances in the environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The subject is focused on teaching chemical and physical methods commonly used for the determination of organic and inorganic substances in the environment. The subject introduces students to the basic types of toxic substances and their properties and the basic legislation on environmental protection.

Compulsory literature:

1. D. Kealay, P.J: Haines, Analytical Chemistry. Oxford, BIOS Scientific Publishers, 2002, 342 s. 2. J. Kenkel, Analytical Chemistry for Technicians (4th Ed.). Boca Raton, CRC Press, 2014, 507 s.

Recommended literature:

1. G. D. Christian, Analytical Chemistry (5 th Ed.). New York ,Wiley, 1994, 812 s.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Other requirements

Basic the knowledge of inorganic, organic and physical chemistry.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Characteristics of analytical methods, the choice of methods, internal (control charts) and external (inter-laboratory comparisons) quality control in the laboratory, reference materials, accreditation, authorization. Monitoring organizations in the Czech Republic. 2. Sampling of air, water and soil. The method of collection, preservation and storage. 3. Preparation of the sample, extraction of samples, analyzes and extracts of solid samples . 4. Gas and liquid chromatography: separation principles, instrumentation, sample injection , the choice of columns and detectors. Sample pretratment prior to analysis. 5. Spectral analysis: atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy, UV-VIS absorption and infrared spectrometry. Principles and instrumentation, sample tratment prior to analysis. 6. Electrochemical methods of analysis: potencipmetrie, conductometry voltammetry. Principles and instrumentation. Sample tratment prior to analysis. 7. Determination mnonoaromatických and polyaromatic hydrocarbons using liquid and gas chromatography. Determination of light hydrocarbons, dioxins and furans by gas chromatography. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 8. Determination of parameters group of organic substances in water : extractable and non-polar extractable substances, volatile organic compounds, absorbable and extractable organic compounds, surfactants, COD, BOD5. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 9. Determination of polychlorinated biphenyls and phenols by gas and liquid chromatography. Determination of phenols other methods. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 10. Determination of pesticides, dioxins and furans by gas and liquid chromatography. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 11. Determination of sulfur, carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen sulphide and ammonia by UV-VIS and IR spectrometry, chromatography, and titration methods. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 12. Determination of ozone, fluorine compounds, phenols, formaldehyde using UV-VIS and IR spectroscopy and chromatography. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 13. Determination of heavy metals by atomic absorption, atomic emission (ICP- OES), UV-VIS spectroscopy, polarography and voltammetry. Speciation analysis. Occupational exposure limits thereof. 14. Determination of inorganic anions using UV-VIS spectroscopy, ion chromatography, capillary electrophoresis and isotachophoresis, ion selective electrodes and classical methods (gravimetry and volumetric analysis). Occupational exposure limits thereof. Laboratory excercises • Introductory lesson - information on laboratory exercises, safety, laboratory rules, prerequisites, working groups, etc. • Determination of hydrogen chloride in the air by VIS spectrophotometry • Polarographic determination of cadmium and zinc in fly ash • Identification of the organic solvent by gas chromatography • Determination of ammonia in air by VIS spectrophotometry • Potentiometric determination of hydrogen sulfide in emissions • Polarographic determination of nickel and zinc in wastewater • Determination of total iron in water by VIS spectrophotometry • Determination of nitrate in waters by UV spectrophotometry • Determination of sulphate by conductometric titration • Determination of cadmium and lead by atomic absorption spectrophotometry • Determination of nitrite in water by VIS spectrophotometry • Determination of chloride ion selective electrode • Potentiometric determination of pH • Conductometric determination of specific electrolytic conductivity of water Substitution of the missing tasks, credit.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 45  10
        Examination Examination 55  6
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner