617-3001/01 – Chemistry of Environment (CHZP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Šárka Langová, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Šárka Langová, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2015/2016Year of cancellation2020/2021
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
LAN37 doc. Ing. Šárka Langová, CSc.
LES20 prof. Ing. Juraj Leško, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

• to gain knowledge in the reactions in the system water-soil-atmosphere, • to acquaint oneself with the biogeochemical cycles of oxygen, carbon, sulphur, phosphorus, and in the influence of the selected technologies on this proces, • to acquire knowledge in the pollutants in the environment and their eco-toxicological risk.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Seminars
Experimental work in labs
Other activities

Summary

Introduction to the chemistry of lithosphere, acid-base and ion-exchange reactions in soil. Principles of water chemistry; reactions in natural and waste waters. Photochemical reactions in atmosphere, pollutants, photochemical smog. Natural resources and energy (coal, nuclear energy). Introduction to ecotoxicology.

Compulsory literature:

MANAHAN, Stanley, E. Fundamentals of environmental chemistry. Third edition. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4200-5267-1.

Recommended literature:

BAILEY, Ronald A, Herbert M. CLARK, James P. FERRIS, Sonja KRAUSE a Robert L. Strong. Chemistry of the environment. Second edition. San Diego, USA: Academic press, 2002. ISBN 0-12-073461-3.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Other requirements

Basic the knowledge of inorganic and organic chemistry.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. General problems of environmental chemistry. Biosphere, water, atmosphere, soil and technology. 2. Introduction to water chemistry. Solubility of gases (O2, CO2) in water. Acid-base and redox reactions. Natural waters. Surface waters quality. Waters for industrial use. 3. Introduction to atmosphere chemistry. Atmosphere development. Division according to the temperature and chemical composition. Organic and inorganic pollutants in atmosphere. 4. Chemical reactions in atmosphere. Photochemical smog. Stratospheric and tropospheric ozone. 5. Introduction to soil chemistry. Soil formation, soil profiles. Primary and secondary minerals. Efflorescence processes, clay minerals 1:1and 2:1and their sorption properties. 6. Acid-base and ion-exchange reactions in soils. Buffer intervals and acid neutralization capacity. Cation exchange capacity. Wastes and pollutants in soils. Soil degradation. 7. Global biogeochemical cycles in biosphere. Block models of cycles. Carbon and oxygen cycle. Anthropogenic impact at the carbon dioxide equilibrium. 8. Global biogeochemical cycles of nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus. Fertilization impact on the nitrogen cycle, nitrogen monoxide formation. Sulphur cycle and environment acidification. Phosphorus cycle and environment eutrophization 9. Persistent materials in the environment. Biogeochemical cycles of metals (Hg, Pb, Cd). Persistent organic pollutants – polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, halogenated organic compounds, pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls. 10. Natural resources and energy. Ecologically acceptable coal utilization. Risk elements forms in the coal material. Combustion in thermal power stations and elements distribution by vapour pressure. Sulphur removal of gases. Fluid combustion. 12. Ecological aspects of the nuclear energetics. Nuclear reactor types (Temelín, Černobyl) and their safety. Fissile products treatment. Radionuclides in the environment. Irradiation of the population from the particular sources. 13. Introduction to ecotoxicology. Ecotoxicological risks. Ecotoxicity tests on several trophic levels. Tests on fishes, algae, plant roots and bioluminescence bacteria. 14. Development trends in chemistry of environment.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2015/2016 Winter semester, validity until: 2020/2021 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  16
        Examination Examination 70  35
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 80% participation in exercises.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (N3909) Process Engineering (2805T019) Chemical and environmental engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N3909) Process Engineering (2805T019) Chemical and environmental engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3909) Process Engineering (2805T019) Chemical and environmental engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3909) Process Engineering (2805T019) Chemical and environmental engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3909) Process Engineering (2805T019) Chemical and environmental engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner