617-3001/02 – Chemistry of Environment (CHZP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits4
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Šárka Langová, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Šárka Langová, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
LAN37 doc. Ing. Šárka Langová, CSc.
VAL15 Ing. Silvie Vallová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

• to gain knowledge in the reactions in the system water-soil-atmosphere, • to acquaint oneself with the biogeochemical cycles of oxygen, carbon, sulphur, phosphorus, and in the influence of the selected technologies on this proces, • to acquire knowledge in the pollutants in the environment and their eco-toxicological risk.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs
Other activities


Introduction to the chemistry of lithosphere, acid-base and ion-exchange reactions in soil. Principles of water chemistry; reactions in natural and waste waters. Photochemical reactions in atmosphere, pollutants, photochemical smog. Natural resources and energy (coal, nuclear energy). Introduction to ecotoxicology.

Compulsory literature:

MANAHAN, Stanley, E. Fundamentals of environmental chemistry. Third edition. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4200-5267-1.

Recommended literature:

BAILEY, Ronald A, Herbert M. CLARK, James P. FERRIS, Sonja KRAUSE a Robert L. Strong. Chemistry of the environment. Second edition. San Diego, USA: Academic press, 2002. ISBN 0-12-073461-3.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written and oral exam.


Other requirements

Basic the knowledge of inorganic and organic chemistry.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. General problems of environmental chemistry. Biosphere, water, atmosphere, soil and technology. 2. Introduction to water chemistry. Solubility of gases (O2, CO2) in water. Acid-base and redox reactions. Natural waters. Surface waters quality. Waters for industrial use. 3. Introduction to atmosphere chemistry. Atmosphere development. Division according to the temperature and chemical composition. Organic and inorganic pollutants in atmosphere. 4. Chemical reactions in atmosphere. Photochemical smog. Stratospheric and tropospheric ozone. 5. Introduction to soil chemistry. Soil formation, soil profiles. Primary and secondary minerals. Efflorescence processes, clay minerals 1:1and 2:1and their sorption properties. 6. Acid-base and ion-exchange reactions in soils. Buffer intervals and acid neutralization capacity. Cation exchange capacity. Wastes and pollutants in soils. Soil degradation. 7. Global biogeochemical cycles in biosphere. Block models of cycles. Carbon and oxygen cycle. Anthropogenic impact at the carbon dioxide equilibrium. 8. Global biogeochemical cycles of nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus. Fertilization impact on the nitrogen cycle, nitrogen monoxide formation. Sulphur cycle and environment acidification. Phosphorus cycle and environment eutrophization 9. Persistent materials in the environment. Biogeochemical cycles of metals (Hg, Pb, Cd). Persistent organic pollutants – polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, halogenated organic compounds, pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls. 10. Natural resources and energy. Ecologically acceptable coal utilization. Risk elements forms in the coal material. Combustion in thermal power stations and elements distribution by vapour pressure. Sulphur removal of gases. Fluid combustion. 12. Ecological aspects of the nuclear energetics. Nuclear reactor types (Temelín, Černobyl) and their safety. Fissile products treatment. Radionuclides in the environment. Irradiation of the population from the particular sources. 13. Introduction to ecotoxicology. Ecotoxicological risks. Ecotoxicity tests on several trophic levels. Tests on fishes, algae, plant roots and bioluminescence bacteria. 14. Development trends in chemistry of environment.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  16
        Examination Examination 70  35 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 80% participation in exercises.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering (S03) Methods of Analysis for Chemical and Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering (S03) Methods of Analysis for Chemical and Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering (S03) Methods of Analysis for Chemical and Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2020/2021 Winter
2019/2020 Winter