617-3014/01 – Textural and structural analysis (TSA)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of ChemistryCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Matějka, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Matějka, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
FON0012 Ing. Kryštof Foniok, Ph.D.
MAT27 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Matějka, Ph.D.
BAB060 Ing. Petra Matějková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the lectures and laboratory practice is to introduce the issues related to the structure and texture of the materials and methods of the structure and texture analysis.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs
Other activities


The subject is focused on explanation of theoretical as well as practical issues related to structural and textural analyses of materials.

Compulsory literature:

ENGLER, Olaf and Valerie RANDLE. Introduction to texture analysis: macrotexture, microtexture, and orientation mapping. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, c2010. ISBN 978-1-4200-6365-3.

Recommended literature:

CHUNG, Frank H. and Deane Kingsley SMITH, ed. Industrial applications of X-ray diffraction. New York: Marcel Dekker, c2000. ISBN 0-8247-1992-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Oral exam.


Other requirements

There are not additional requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction – texture and structure of the materials. Why to study the texture and structure? Amorphous, mesomorphous and crystal materials. Crystal materials and their structure – macroscopic symmetry of the crystals, point groups and crystallographic systems. Classification of the structures based on the character of the bonds. 2. Basics of the diffraction theory. RTG irradiation and the sources of X-ray. Interaction of X-ray with a matter. Dispersion of X-rays, diffraction of X-rays on crystal grid, effect of the atoms distribution on diffraction pattern. Principle of the methods of the structural analysis. 3. Overview of the X-ray diffraction techniques, monocrystal methods, studies of the powder and polycrystalline materials. Concept of the X-ray diffractometers, modifications of the diffractometers set-up. 4. X-ray diffraction pattern, measurement of the diffraction lines positions, qualitative evaluation of the diffraction patterns. Intensity of the diffraction patterns, integral intensity of the diffraction patterns, fitting of the diffraction peaks. 5. Application of the diffraction methods. Qualitative and quantitative diffraction analysis, determination of the lattice parameters of the polycrystalline materials, calculation of crystallite size, measurement of microscopic tension. X-ray diffraction methods for texture evaluation. X-ray diffraction method at high temperatures and pressures. 6. Neutron diffraction analysis – sources of the neutrons, monochromatization. Diffraction experiment, examples of the utilization of neutron diffraction analysis. Defects of the crystalline structure and the methods of their studies. X-ray tomography, principle of the methods, practical utilization. 7. Scanning electron microscopy, interaction of the sample with electrons, sources of the electrons, utilization of secondary and back scattered electrons for the images creation, construction of scanning electron microscopes. Energy and wave dispersive microanalysis, preparation of the samples for SEM. 8. Transmission electron microscopy. Origination of the image in TEM, scattering and diffraction contrast, samples observation in bright and dark field, construction of microscopes, preparation of the samples for TEM. Diffraction analysis in TEM. 9. Texture of the surfaces. Parameters for evaluation of the surface roughness. Surface profiling techniques – stylus, confocal microscopy, holographic microscopy. 10. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. Scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Principle of the methods, construction of the microscopes, probes, positioning parts, detection. Topography measurement with AFM. 11. Derived AFM techniques. Lateral force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, Kelvin probe force microscopy, force modulation microscopy, electric force microscopy, AFM spectroscopy. Basiscs of the image analysis. 12. Textural analysis of powdered materials. Physical sorption of gases, desorption, chemisorption. Types of adsorption isotherms, BET isotherm, capillary condensation, distribution of micro and mezo pores. Mercury porosimetry, principle, construction of the porosimeters, data evaluation. Dynamic vapor sorption, principle of the measurement, device construction, data evaluation. Laboratory practice: 1. Introduction, seminary work. 2. Excursion in the laboratory of X-ray diffraction. Determination of lattice parameters of crystalline material. 3. Excursion in the laboratory of X-ray diffraction. Determination of the crystallite size, effect of the amorphous character on the X-ray diffraction pattern. 4. Excursion in the laboratory of X-ray diffraction. Effect of the texture of drawn wire on the shape of X-ray diffraction pattern. 5. Excursion in the laboratory of scanning electron microscopy. Observation of the surface of the polished and acid attacked sample of the metal alloy. 6. Image analysis using software Gwyddion. 7. Excursion in the laboratory of confocal microscopy. Determination of the roughness parameters of the surface of metal sample polished with different sand papers. 8. Excursion to the laboratory of atomic force microscopy. Observation of the periodically repeated motives on the surface of the samples. 9. Excursion to the laboratory of atomic force microscopy. Study of the electric conductivity of the composites using spreading resistance microscopy. 10. Excursion to the laboratory of textural parameters. Measurement of specific surface area and pores of the powder samples. 11. Excursion to the laboratory of textural parameters. Measurement of pore distribution using mercury porosimetry. 12. Excursion to the laboratory of textural parameters. Measurement of sorption of water vapor using dynamic vapor sorption instrument. 13. Excursion to the laboratory of tomography. Study of macroscopic defects. 14. Presentation of the tasks solution defined within seminary works. Credits.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  16
        Examination Examination 70  35 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 100% participation in laboratory exercises.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Finalization of all required tasks in agreed and specified deadlines.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering (S03) Methods of Analysis for Chemical and Environmental Engineering AMI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering (S03) Methods of Analysis for Chemical and Environmental Engineering AMI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering (S03) Methods of Analysis for Chemical and Environmental Engineering AMI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2021/2022 Summer
2020/2021 Summer
2019/2020 Summer