618-0902/02 – Untraditional Ironmaking Methods (NMVSŹ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Metallurgy and FoundryCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jiří Bilík, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jiří Bilík, CSc.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2010/2011Year of cancellation2011/2012
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BIL30 prof. Ing. Jiří Bilík, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 2+0
Part-time Examination 2+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- student will be able formulate basics principle of alternative ironmaking methods - student will be able formulate perspectives of alternative ironmaking methods - student will be able formulate basic trends of modifications blast furnaces technologies

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The subject is focused on improvement basic knowledge of alternative technologies outside the blast furnace ironmaking only for Ph.D. students. Analysis of basic contemporary trends in pig iron production. Main ways of blast furnace technology modification. Principal changes in blast furnace aggregate operating, in raw materials composition and energetic security of the process. Technical equipment of aggregates. Complex automatic system of operating, coke replace by dust coal, oxygen, pellets, metallized charge application. Processing of pig iron and modification its characters out of blast furnace. Alternative methods of iron production. The most widespread ways of direct reduction within pig iron production in Czech conditions.

Compulsory literature:

[1] KRÓL,L. Redukcja bezprosrednia rud zeleza. Slask Katowice, 1983. [2] Steel research, No.60 (1989) č.3+4, pp. 95-190, 1989, Verlag Stahleisen mbH Düsseldorf.

Recommended literature:

[1] CHATTERJEE, A. Sponge Iron Production By Direct Reduction Of Iron Oxide. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.New Delhi, , 2010, 355 p. ISBN 978-81-203-3644-5

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Elaboration of Semestral work.


For electronic communication with teachers enjoy university e-mail address: http://staff.vsb.cz/ There is a continuous expansion of e-learning elements into teaching.

Other requirements

Active participation in lectures.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures 1. Characteristics of the development of iron and steel in the world and in CR. Energy and raw limit further development. Main drawbacks of the present-day technology of iron production. Tradition and historical context. 2. The importance of changes in raw material provision of the steel industry to develop new ironmaking alternative technology. Lump ore, metal-bearing wastes and their treatment. 3. Alternative reduction technology. Fuels provisions. Complementarity functions fuel. New unconventional sources of fuels and reducing agents. 4. Distribution of alternative technologies in the field of direct reduction and smelting reduction. Basic charakteristics threats technological processes. Discussion of deficiencies and merits of alternative ironmaking technology. Comparisons with conventional blast furnace production. 5. Production of sponge iron, respectively. metallized product (HBI). Specifications reduction process, the factors influencing the level (degree) metallization. Possibilities of modeling the kinetics of reduction gas. Submission of exercise for the seminar. 6. Seminar on the reduction problems. Ore charge in the blast furnace and fluidized bed reactor. Discussion of the results of the seminar task. 7. Description and critical assessment of technologies Midrex Hyl. The advantages, prospects and problems of hydrogen metallurgy in particular in connection with the use of carbon and degazation gas, liquid pyrolysis products, waste oils from petroleum refining and coal. 8.The pssibility of adapting coal based allothemic steelmaking processes for direct smelting of iron ore. Environmental protection for this processses. 9. Technological principles of the most widespread used technology smelting reduction. Ambivalence of reducing and heat balance over the reduction shaft. 10.Duplex technology partial metallization blast-furnace materials. Waste treatment options. Duplex COREX-Midrex. 11. Environmental benefits of alternative methods.Duplex technology partial metallization blast-furnace materials. Waste treatment options. Duplex COREX-Midrex. 12.Possible reduction of CO2 emissions into the blast furnace

Conditions for subject completion

Conditions for completion are defined only for particular subject version and form of study

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2011/2012 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner