618-3002/03 – Technology of Ironmaking (TVSŽ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Metallurgy and FoundryCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Pavlína Pustějovská, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Pavlína Pustějovská, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation2022/2023
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
JUR346 Ing. Simona Jursová, Ph.D.
PUS37 doc. Ing. Pavlína Pustějovská, Ph.D.
TOM114 Ing. Radek Toman
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Acquired knowledge: - the student will be able to apply the theoretical knowledge in real operating situations; - the student will be able to respond to the specific deviation of blast furnace working and analyze their causes; - the student gets a comprehensive look at the process of the production of pig iron. Acquired skills: - the student will be able to solve the task, pointing to the optimization of during the production of pig iron.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The subject is focused on the application of theoretical knowledge to the student technology training blast furnace charge and the production of pig iron in a blast furnace. It deals with the management of productivity agglomeration equipment, blast furnaces, sinter produced quality management and pig iron. Are analyzed technological disturbances in the production of pig iron and technical-economic indicators of the work of the blast furnace. They are described and analyzed various technological nodes blast furnace operation, methods of lining and cooling a blast furnace, hot blast of wind and discharge of liquid products was carried. They also assessed the environmental aspects of the production of pig iron.

Compulsory literature:

[1] BABICH, A., et al. Ironmaking. Aachen: RWTH Aachen University Press, 2008. ISBN 3-86130-997-1. [2] GEERDES, M., et al. Modern Blast Furnace Ironmaking. IOS PRESS, 2015. ISBN 978-1-61499-498-5. [3] CAVALIERE, P., et al. Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes. Greenhouse Emissions, Control, and Reduction.1st ed. Springer, 2016. ISBN 978-3-319-39527-2. [4] SAH, R. and S. K. DUTTA. Alternate Method of Ironmaking. S. Chand Publishing, 2012. ISBN 9788121940580.

Recommended literature:

[1] ARABINDA, S. and S. BIDYAPATI. Alternative Routes to Iron Making. Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2016. ISBN 9788120351196. [2] TUPKARY, R. H. and V. R. TUPKARY. Modern Iron Making Handbook. Stylus Publishing, LLC, 2017. ISBN 9781683921370. [3] GHOS, A. and A. CHATTERJEE. Ironmaking and steelmaking: theory and practice. New Delhi: PHI Learning, 2011. ISBN 978-81-203-3289-8.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Requirements for the student: active 80% participation in seminars, participation in excursions, elaboration of seminar work, elaboration of 2 semester programs, 2 continuous tests within the semester.


Other requirements

Elaborating term project and completing written tests.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Homogenization of raw materials. Technology of production of sinter. Basic technological characteristics of iron ore, pellets and sinter (reducibility, strength, disintegration). Requirements for components of sinter charge, possibilities of coke substitution in sinter mixture (anthracite, biomass) 2. Quality control of the produced sinter (returnable sinter). Basic indicators affecting the productivity of the sintering belt. 3. Metallurgical properties and quality tests of iron charge. Strength, disintegration after reduction, reducibility. Quality assessment. 4. Cokemaking. Requirements for coking properties of coal: agglomeration, plasticity, swelling and expansion of coal. 5. Quality requirements for blast furnace coke: calorific value, mechanical parameters, reactivity of blast furnace coke. Possibilities of affecting on the quality of coke. 6. The technology of pig iron production, the technological flow of materials, the possibility of using metal briquettes in the blast furnace. 7. Requirements for components of blast furnace charge. Requirements for the ores and fuel sections, sweedstock permeability requirements. Blast furnace coke function. Degradation of coke in a blast furnace. 8. Blast furnace profile and its main parts. Blast furnace construction. Bell-shaped hopper, storage and distribution of charge materials. Lining of individual parts of the blast furnace. Cooling of individual parts of the blast furnace. Design of cooling elements. 9. Blast furnace irregularities. Hot working and cold working of blast furnace. Scaffods in the blast furnace. The effect of zinc and alkaline compounds on working of blast furnace. 10. The blast furnace stove, their types, equipment and operation. Modernization of blast furnace stove. Moistening of the blast furnace air. Preheating of the combustion gas and air. Temperature and composition of gas in raceway. 11. Possibilities of using alternative fuels. Traditional and unconventional replacement fuels: characteristics. Injection of liquid, gaseous and solid fuels. Consumption of substitute fuels, comparison of properties, determination of coke substitution coefficient. 12. Heat state control of the hearth, gas flow and loss in blast furnace. The technology of high pressure in blast furnace . Drop of charge-Vertical Strength System. Enriching the air with oxygen. 13. Control of blast furnaces. Blowing-in, blowing-out of blast furnaces. Tapping of liquid products of the blast furnace hearth. 14. Environmental aspects of the production of pig iron. Cleaning of blast furnace gas. Waste recycling options in the blast furnace. Perspectives of the production of pig iron.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  21
        Examination Examination 70  30 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 80 % active participation

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production TVŽ P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production TVŽ K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production TVŽ P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production TVŽ K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production TVŽ P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production TVŽ K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2021/2022 Summer
2019/2020 Summer