618-3002/04 – Technology of Ironmaking (TVSŽ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Metallurgy and FoundryCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Pavlína Pustějovská, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Pavlína Pustějovská, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementOptional
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation2022/2023
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PUS37 doc. Ing. Pavlína Pustějovská, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Acquired knowledge: - the student will be able to apply the theoretical knowledge in real operating situations; - the student will be able to respond to the specific deviation of blast furnace working and analyze their causes; - the student gets a comprehensive look at the process of the production of pig iron. Acquired skills: - the student will be able to solve the task, pointing to the optimization of during the production of pig iron.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The subject is focused on the application of theoretical knowledge to the student technology training blast furnace charge and the production of pig iron in a blast furnace. It deals with the management of productivity agglomeration equipment, blast furnaces, sinter produced quality management and pig iron. Are analyzed technological disturbances in the production of pig iron and technical-economic indicators of the work of the blast furnace. They are described and analyzed various technological nodes blast furnace operation, methods of lining and cooling a blast furnace, hot blast of wind and discharge of liquid products was carried. They also assessed the environmental aspects of the production of pig iron.

Compulsory literature:

[1] BABICH, A., et al. Ironmaking. Aachen: RWTH Aachen University Press, 2008. ISBN 3-86130-997-1. [2] GEERDES, M., et al. Modern Blast Furnace Ironmaking. IOS PRESS, 2015. ISBN 978-1-61499-498-5. [3] CAVALIERE, P., et al. Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes. Greenhouse Emissions, Control, and Reduction.1st ed. Springer, 2016. ISBN 978-3-319-39527-2. [4] SAH, R. and S. K. DUTTA. Alternate Method of Ironmaking. S. Chand Publishing, 2012. ISBN 9788121940580.

Recommended literature:

[1] ARABINDA, S. and S. BIDYAPATI. Alternative Routes to Iron Making. Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2016. ISBN 9788120351196. [2] TUPKARY, R. H. and V. R. TUPKARY. Modern Iron Making Handbook. Stylus Publishing, LLC, 2017. ISBN 9781683921370. [3] GHOS, A. and A. CHATTERJEE. Ironmaking and steelmaking: theory and practice. New Delhi: PHI Learning, 2011. ISBN 978-81-203-3289-8.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Requirements for the student: active 80% participation in seminars, elaboration of seminar work, elaboration of 2 semester programs, 2 continuous tests within the semester. Exam: combined (written and oral) exam.


Other requirements

Elaboration of a semester project. Two continuous tests.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. The historical development of the production of iron. Current status and perspectives of the production of pig iron. 2. Technology of production of sinter. Homogenization of raw materials. 3. Quality control of sinter and sinter production capacity. Requirements for the various components of sinter charge. 4. Profile of blast furnaces. Basis and steel construction of blast furnaces. Each part of the blast furnace lining. Each part of the blast furnace cooling. Design of the cooling elements. Circulatory and evaporative blast furnace cooling. 5. The blast fonace stove, their types, equipment and operation. Preheating of the combustion gas and air. Blowing fittings. Tapping of pig iron. Drills and tap hole of pig iron 6. Requirements for individual components of the blast furnace charge. Funktions of blast furnace Coke. The degradation of coke in the blast furnace. 7. Loading blast furnaces, Bell and bell-less topcharger. An countercurrent of charge and gas in the blast furnace. External, internal and regular blast furnace working. Control of the blast furnace production capacity. The technology of high pressure in blast furnace 8. Injection of gaseous, liquid and solid alternative fuels into hearth of blast furnace. Blast-furnace wind, moistening, wind enrichment with oxygen. 9. Control of the temperature - heat, status of hearth. Temperature and gas composition in the oxidizing furnace area. Control of the quality of the produced pig iron 10. Blast furnace irregularities. Hot working and cold working of blast furnace. Scaffods in the blast furnace. The effect of zinc and alkaline compounds on working of blast furnace. 11. Control of blast furnaces. Blowing-in, blowing-out of blast furnaces. 12. Products of blast furnace production. Tapping of liquid products of the hearth. Casting of pig iron. Granulation of slag. 13. Basics of alternative ironmaking technology 14. Technical-economic indicators work of blast furnaces. 15. Environmental aspects of the production of pig iron. Cleaning of blast furnace gas. Waste recycling options in the blast furnace.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  21
        Examination Examination 70  30 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 80 % active participation

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0715A270010) Metallurgical engineering Tec P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0715A270005) Advanced Engineering Materials P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270010) Metallurgical engineering Tec P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270005) Advanced Engineering Materials P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2019/2020 (N0715A270010) Metallurgical engineering Tec P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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