619-0401/01 – Theory of Technological Processes (TTP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB36 prof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
DUD32 doc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
ZAL041 Ing. Monika Kawuloková, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
PER40 RNDr. Kristina Peřinová
VIT155 Ing. Silvie Rosypalová, Ph.D.
SME06 doc. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
DOC01 Ing. Simona Zlá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to define solutions - Raoult´s law and Henry´s law, ideal and nonideal solutions, the thermodynamic activity of a component in solution, thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic models of solutions - to apply the chemical thermodynamics and kinetics on pyrometallurgical processes – the thermal dissociation, the extraction of metals from their oxides, the Boudouard reaction - to observe and analyse processes and interaction between metal melts and a gaseous phase - to observe and analyse processes between metal melts and oxidic melts - to outline physical properties of melts - liquid metals and oxidic melts - to apply gained theoretical knowledge in routine

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The topic of the subject is theoretical foundation in the area of application of the physical chemistry principles to particular technological processes.

Compulsory literature:

ATKINS,P.W. Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 s. Bodsworth,C. Physical Chemistry of Iron and Steel manufacture, London 1962. GASKELL,D.R. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics. Washington: McGraw- Hill Book Company, 1973.520 p.

Recommended literature:

GASKELL,D.R. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics. Washington: McGraw-

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- two calculation exam - five laboratory protocols - active participation in seminars

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities required.

Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
516-0611 FYI Physics I Recommended
617-0402 CH-I. Chemistry I. Recommended
617-0403 CH-II. Chemistry II. Recommended
619-0402 FCH Physical Chemistry Recommended
714-0665 M I Mathematics I Recommended
714-0666 M II Mathematics II Recommended

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Introduction. Fundamentals of gas laws. The chemical thermodynamics – heat capacities, definition, properties and classification. The First law of thermodynamics, definition, signification – heat of reaction. Laws of thermochemistry, theoretical calculation of reaction heat. Kirchhoff’s law - variation of the reaction enthalpy wih temperature, the heating and cooling of substances. The Second law of thermodynamics – definition and signification. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. Conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. Chemical equilibrium, the equilibrium constants for homogeneous nad heterogeneous chemical reactions, types of equilibrium constants, calculation of equilibrium composition. The Van´t Hoff reaction isotherm, isobare and isochore. The phase equilibrium. Partial molar quantities, chemical potential and its significance for physical equilibrium. The Gibbs phase rule, phase, state of aggregation, component, degree of freedom, phase equilibrium of pure substances, Clapeyron equation, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. The chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions - basic kinetic terms (rate of chemical reaction, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, reaction mechanism). Kinetic equations with different order, the temperature dependence of the rate of reaction. Diffusion and adsorption in heterogeneous kinetics, application in technological processes. Metal melts, oxide melts, physicochemical properties. The thermal dissociation of coumpounds, oxide reduction, thermodynamics and kinetics. The metal oxidation kinetics. Solutions and their classification, description, properties, thermodynamic models of solutions. Molten slags, molecular and ionic theory, physicochemical properties. Reactions between slag and metal – distribution of oxygen and sulphur, desulphurisation, dephosphorization, deoxidation. Inclusions in liquid metals – formation, growth and sepataion of inclusions. Physical and metallurgical aspects of gases in molten metal, the Sievert's law. Surface reactions, theory and application.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester, validity until: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45 (45) 20
                Laboratorní práce Laboratory work 15  0
                Písemka Written test 28  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 2  0
        Examination Examination 55 (55) 15
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 15  5
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 40  10
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2013/2014 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
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2012/2013 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
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2007/2008 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
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2006/2007 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R040) Automation and Computing in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
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2004/2005 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (3902R041) Quality Management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (B3922) Economics and Management of Industrial Systems (6208R123) Economics and Management in Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner