619-0401/04 – Theory of Technological Processes (TTP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits7
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2005/2006Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
DOB36 prof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
DUD32 doc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
SME06 doc. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Combined Credit and Examination 18+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to define solutions - Raoult´s law and Henry´s law, ideal and nonideal solutions, the thermodynamic activity of a component in solution, thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic models of solutions - to apply the chemical thermodynamics and kinetics on pyrometallurgical processes – the thermal dissociation, the extraction of metals from their oxides, the Boudouard reaction - to observe and analyse processes and interaction between metal melts and a gaseous phase - to observe and analyse processes between metal melts and oxidic melts - to outline physical properties of melts - liquid metals and oxidic melts - to apply gained theoretical knowledge in routine

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The topic of the subject is theoretical foundation in the area of application of the physical chemistry principles to particular technological processes.

Compulsory literature:

ATKINS,P.W. Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 s. Bodsworth,C. Physical Chemistry of Iron and Steel manufacture, London 1962. GASKELL,D.R. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics. Washington: McGraw- Hill Book Company, 1973.520 p.

Recommended literature:

GASKELL,D.R. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics. Washington: McGraw-

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities required

Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
516-0611 FYI Physics I Recommended
617-0402 CH-I. Chemistry I. Recommended
617-0403 CH-II. Chemistry II. Recommended
619-0402 FCH Physical Chemistry Recommended
714-0665 M I Mathematics I Recommended
714-0666 M II Mathematics II Recommended

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Solutions and their classification. Nonelectrolyte solutions, ideal and real solutions. The Raoult’s law and Henry’s law. Real solutions, definition of the standard states for component in binary solutions, deviation from Raoult´s and Henry´s law, activity and activity coefficient. 2. Thermodynamic properties of multicomponent solutions, activities and interaction coefficients. 3. Thermodynamic functions of solutions. Partial molar quantities. Differential and integral quantities. Mixing and excess quantities. Thermodynamic models of solutions – ideal, real, regular and athermal solution. The Gibbs-Duhem equation, applications. 4. The thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanism of fundamental technological reactions. Equilibrium in a system containing condensed phases and a gaseous phases. The thermal dissociation of coumpounds. The thermal dissociation temperature and pressure. 5. The indirect chemical reduction of metal oxide. The Boudouard reaction, thermodynamic and kinetic analysis, significance,technological use of Boudouard reaction. The direct reduction of metal oxide. Graphical representation of equilibria in the system metal – oxygen – carbon. 6. The mechanism and kinetics of thermal decomposition and reduction. Topochemical reaction, characteristics, models. The Jander´s equation. The metal oxidation kinetics. 7. Molten metal theories. The structure and physical properties of liquid metals – viscosity, surface tension, vaporization, sublimation, melting, transformation of the crystalline form. 8. The crystallisation. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, physicochemical analysis of process, critical radius of embryo and its dependence on selected factors. 9. Physical and metallurgical aspects of gases in molten metal. The Sievert's law – solubility dependence on selected factors. The influence of gas pressure on the solubility of gas in liquid metals. 10. Molten slags, theory of slags. The molecular and ionic theory of slags. The classification of ions in slags, basicity of slags. Physicochemical properties of slags - structure, viscosity, surface tension, electrochemical properties. 11. The Temkin´s model of ideal ionic melts, thermodynamic quantities of ideal ionic solution. Non-ideal ionic solution, characteristics of selected theories. 12. The thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanism of raffination processes. The distribution of components between two immiscible liquids, Nernst’s distribution law, distribution coefficient, distribution reactions between slag and metal . 13. Rafination reactions – desulphurisation, dephosphorization, deoxidation of slags, thermodynamic and kinetic description of rafination processes. 14. Nonmetallic phases in metal. The formation and growth of inclusions, thermodynamic and kinetic factors.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2011/2012 Winter semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 30 (30) 15
                Project Project 25  0
                Other task type Other task type 5  0
        Examination Examination 70 (70) 0
                Oral Oral examination 70  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment K Czech Třinec 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner