619-0402/01 – Physical Chemistry (FCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits8
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2005/2006Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
KAL0140 Mgr. Aleš Kalup
ZAL041 Ing. Monika Kawuloková, Ph.D.
KOC33 prof. Ing. Kamila Kočí, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
PER40 RNDr. Kristina Peřinová
VIT155 Ing. Silvie Rosypalová, Ph.D.
SME06 doc. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
DOC01 Ing. Simona Zlá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

-­ to define thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic laws ­- to utilize the fundamental thermodynamic quantities (enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy) for the system behaviour describing - to describe the chemical equilibrium – to monitor the dependence of the equilibrium constant on state variables (dependence on temperature, dependence on pressure) ­- to describe the phase equilibrium, Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibrium of pure substances ­- to define and to utilize basic terms of chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction, rate of chemical reaction, kinetic equation, order of reaction, rate constant ­- to monitor the dependence of the reaction rate on temperature and on pressure ­- to describe basic processes of heterogeneous reactions – diffusion, adsorption; to determine the rate-limiting process for heterogeneous processes ­- to apply gained theoretical knowledge in routine

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials

Summary

The topic of the subject is chemical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.

Compulsory literature:

Atkins,P.W., Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 p. ATKINS,Peter; De Paula,Julio. Elements of Physical chemistry. Fifth Edition. Oxford: University of Oxford, 2009. 578s.

Recommended literature:

Lupis,C.H.P.Chemical Thermodynamics of materials. New York, North-Holland, 1983. 581 p.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- two calculation exam - eight laboratory protocols - active participation in seminars

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities are required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. Gases. Ideal gases, fundamental laws. Real gases, compressibility factor, virial coefficients, critical state, Van der Waals equation of state, theorem of corresponding states . 2. The chemical thermodynamics. Basic terms, thermodynamic system, thermodynamic properties, thermodynamic process, thermodynamic state functions. Heat capacities of substances, variation of heat capacities with temperature, difference in the molar heat capacities between the products and reactants. The First law of thermodynamics, definition, signification. The work done by ideal gas. The heat at constant pressure and volume. The fundamental thermodynamic function – enthalpy. The thermodynamic definition of molar heat capacities. 3. The heating and cooling of substances. The heat of reaction. Laws of thermochemistry, theoretical calculation of reaction heat. Kirchhoff’s law - variation of the reaction enthalpy with temperature. The adiabatic reaction temperature. 4. The Second law of thermodynamics – definition and signification. The heat engine, Carnot heat engine. The fundamental thermodynamic function – entropy (temperature and volume dependence for homogeneous system, temperature and pressure dependence for a homogeneous system). The statistical interpretation of entropy. 5. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. Conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. Combined formulations of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, Maxwell relations. The Gibbs and Helmholtz free energy – temperature dependence, Gibbs-Helmholtz equations, significance and application. 6. Partial molar quantities – definition, properties. The Gibbs-Duhem equation. The chemical potential and its significance. Chemical equilibrium. Conditions for chemical equilibrium. The Van´t Hoff reaction isotherm, thermodynamic equilibrium constant. Types of equilibrium constant for homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactions. 7. The calculation of equilibrium composition and degree of conversion. The effect of temperature on chemical equilibrium, Van't Hoff reaction isochore and isobare. The effect of pressure on chemical equilibrium. The Le Chatelier’s principle. 8. The phase equilibrium. The Gibbs phase rule, phase, state of aggregation, component, degree of freedom. The phase diagram of a one-component system, triple point and critical point. Phase equilibrium of pure substances, Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron equation. 9. Two-component (binary) system. The third law of thermodynamics. Nernst's theorem, Planck's postulate. 10. The chemical kinetics, significance. Homogeneous simple reactions. Basic terms, rate of chemical reaction, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, reaction mechanism. First-order reactions, reaction half-life, second-order reactions, nth-order reactions. 11. The mechanism of simultaneous chemical reactions, reversible, parallel and consecutive reactions, mathematic analysis. 12. The temperature dependence of the rate of a chemical reaction, Arrhenius equation. The theory of chemical kinetics - collision theory and theory of absolute reaction rates. The effect of pressure on reactions rate. 13. Kinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions, elementary steps in heterogenous reactions. The molecular diffusion, Fick’s laws of diffusion, consecutive and parallel diffusion, principles of analysis. The convection diffusion. 14. The adsorption, physical adsorption and chemisorption. Adsorption from gases on solids. Adsorption isotherms, Freundlich's and Langmuir´s isotherms, BET model of adsorption isotherm.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2010/2011 Winter semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45 (45) 20
                Laboratory work Laboratory work 16  0
                Written exam Written test 26  0
                Other task type Other task type 3  0
        Examination Examination 55 (55) 0
                Written examination Written examination 15  0
                Oral Oral examination 40  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R009) Process Technologies of Waste Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R009) Process Technologies of Waste Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R028) Material Diagnostics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R033) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R034) Forming Technologies and Material Treatment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R035) Technologies of Metal Production P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (3904R020) Thermal Engineering and the Environment P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R001) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3909) Process Engineering (2811R002) Fuel Chemistry and Technology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R009) Process Technologies of Waste Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B3909) Process Engineering (3911R008) Chemical and Physical Methods of Material Testing P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
FMMI 2013/2014 Full-time Czech Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2012/2013 Full-time Czech Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI_ECTS 2011/2012 Full-time Czech Compulsory 600 - Faculty of Materials Science and Technology - Dean's Office stu. block