619-0402/03 – Physical Chemistry (FCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2005/2006Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
PER40 RNDr. Kristina Peřinová
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

-­ to define thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic laws ­- to utilize the fundamental thermodynamic quantities (enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy) for the system behaviour describing - to describe the chemical equilibrium – to monitor the dependence of the equilibrium constant on state variables (dependence on temperature, dependence on pressure) ­- to describe the phase equilibrium, Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibrium of pure substances ­- to define and to utilize basic terms of chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction, rate of chemical reaction, kinetic equation, order of reaction, rate constant ­- to monitor the dependence of the reaction rate on temperature and on pressure ­- to describe basic processes of heterogeneous reactions – diffusion, adsorption; to determine the rate-limiting process for heterogeneous processes ­- to apply gained theoretical knowledge in routine

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials

Summary

The topic of the subject is chemical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.

Compulsory literature:

Atkins,P.W., Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 p. ATKINS,Peter; De Paula,Julio. Elements of Physical chemistry. Fifth Edition. Oxford: University of Oxford, 2009. 578s.

Recommended literature:

Lupis,C.H.P.Chemical Thermodynamics of materials. New York, North-Holland, 1983. 581 p.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- two calculation exam - active participation in seminars

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Physical chemistry, signification. Ideal and real gases. Chemical thermodynamics. Heat capacities, heating and cooling of substances, thermodynamic terms. The first law of thermodynamics, internal energy, enthalpy, variation of the reaction enthalpy with temperature, adiabatic reaction temperature. The work done by ideal gas. The second law of thermodynamics – Carnot heat engine, entropy and its interpretation (temperature and volume dependence, temperature and pressure dependence). Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy, combined formulations of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, Maxwell relations, conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. Partial molar quantities, chemical potential, activity. Chemical equilibriums, equilibrium constant for homogeneous nad heterogeneous chemical reactions, Van´t Hoff reaction isotherm. The Le Chatelier’s principle. Phase equilibrium - conditions of phase equilibrium. Gibbs phase rule, phase, one-component system, triple point, two-component (binary) system, classification of solutions, ideal and real solutions. Colligative properties of nonelectrolyte solutions – solutions with non-volatile solute. Two-component liquid mixtures (miscible liquids, partially miscible liquids, totally immiscible liquids). Distribution equilibrium, Nernst’s distribution law, extraction. Chemical kinetics – classification of reactions, basic terms (reaction rate in homogeneous and heterogeneous systems, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, reaction mechanism). Integrated forms of the kinetic equation. The temperature dependence of the rate of a chemical reaction, Arrhenius equation. Kinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions, elementary steps in heterogenous reactions. Electrochemistry – electrolytes and theory of electrolytic dissociation. Strong electrolytes - activity and activitiy coefficient, Debye-Hückel limiting law. Solubility product. Equilibrium and dissociation in solutions of weak electrolytes - dissociation of week monobasic acids and bases, hydrolysis of salt, buffer solutions. Electrolysis, transport number, electric conductivity of electrolytes. Electrochemistry potentials, electrodes, galvanic cells. Colloid chemistry - classification of dispersion systems, degree of dispersion. Selected kinetic, electrical and optical properties of colloid systems. Heterogeneous dispersion systems (lyophobic sols, emulsion, foam, aerosol).

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2009/2010 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Written exam Written test 30  0
                Other task type Other task type 3  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Written examination Written examination 16  0
                Oral Oral examination 51  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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