619-0402/09 – Physical Chemistry (FCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2009/2010Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesUSPIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DUD32 doc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

-­ to define thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic laws ­- to utilize the fundamental thermodynamic quantities (enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy) for the system behaviour describing - to describe the chemical equilibrium – to monitor the dependence of the equilibrium constant on state variables (dependence on temperature, dependence on pressure) ­- to describe the phase equilibrium, Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibrium of pure substances ­- to define and to utilize basic terms of chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction, rate of chemical reaction, kinetic equation, order of reaction, rate constant ­- to monitor the dependence of the reaction rate on temperature and on pressure ­- to describe basic processes of heterogeneous reactions – diffusion, adsorption; to determine the rate-limiting process for heterogeneous processes ­- to apply gained theoretical knowledge in routine

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials

Summary

The topic of the subject is chemical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics.

Compulsory literature:

Atkins,P.W., Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 p. ATKINS,Peter; De Paula,Julio. Elements of Physical chemistry. Fifth Edition. Oxford: University of Oxford, 2009. 578s.

Recommended literature:

Lupis,C.H.P.Chemical Thermodynamics of materials. New York, North-Holland, 1983. 581 p.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- two calculation exam - active participation in seminars

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Physical chemistry, significance. Heat capacities of substances, variation of heat capacities with temperature, difference in the molar heat capacities between the products and reactants. Heating and cooling. Laws of thermochemistry, standard reaction heat, standard heat of combustion, theoretical calculation of reaction heat. Variation of the reaction heat with temperature. Isobaric and isochoric reaction heat. The adiabatic reaction temperature. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. Conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. Chemical potential and its significance. Chemical equilibrium - homogeneous nad heterogeneous chemical reactions. The equilibrium constant for homogeneous nad heterogeneous chemical reactions, basic types. Dependence of the equilibrium constant on state variables - dependence on temperature, pressure and inert components. Calculation of equilibrium composition. Phase equilibrium, Gibbs phase rule, system classification. Phase equilibrium of pure substances. Solutions, Raoult’s and Henry’s law. Non-ideal solutions, activity and activity coefficient. Reaction in solution. Thermodynamic functions of solutions. Evaporation and distillation. Chemical kinetics - basic terms (rate of chemical reaction, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, reaction mechanism). First-order reactions, second-order reactions, nth-order reactions. Simultaneous chemical reactions. Temperature and pressure dependence of the reaction rate. The theory of chemical kinetics - collision theory and theory of absolute reaction rates. Kinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions, elementary steps in heterogenous reactions. Molecular diffusion, Fick’s laws of diffusion, principles of analysis. Physical adsorption and chemisorption, adsorption isotherms. Topochemical reactions.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 17
                Písemka Written test 30  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 3  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 18
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 16  5
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 51  13
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2018/2019 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied Physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied Physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied Physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911R001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911R001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911R001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner