619-0403/03 – Physical Chemistry Fundamentals of Combustion and Explosion Processes (ZFCHH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2009/2010Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFBIIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
R1E37 doc. Ing. Lenka Řeháčková, Ph.D.
SME06 doc. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Combined Examination 14+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to formulate thermodynamic quantities, laws and criteria of chemical and phase equilibrium - to use the basic terms and relations in homogeneous and heterogeneous kinetics - to apply gained theoretical knowledge on the processes of combustion, explosion and extinguishing

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials

Summary

Application of the physico-chemical laws on the processes of combustion, explosion and extinguishing.

Compulsory literature:

Atkins,P.W., Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 p. Warnatz,J., Maas,U., Dibble,R.W., Combustion. Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New Uork. 1996. 265 p. Warren Strahle C., An Introduction to Combustion. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. Combustion Science and Technology Book Series.Volume 1. 1993. 166p.

Recommended literature:

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Gases, ideal gas, equation of state of an ideal gas, real gases, Van der Waals equation of state, Abel equation. Heat capacities of substances – definition, variation of heat capacities with temperature, difference in the molar heat capacities between the products and reactants. The first law of thermodynamics, definition, signification, constant pressure heat, constant volume heat, enthalpy. Heating and cooling of substances. Heats of reaction. Thermochemistry laws, theoretical calculation of reaction heats. Heats of combustion. Heat of explosion.Variation of the reaction heat with temperature - Kirchhoff’s equations and their utilization. Adiabatic reaction temperature. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy, significance and application. Chemical equilibriums, equilibrium constants for homogeneous nad heterogeneous chemical reactions. Van´t Hoff reaction isotherm. Degree of conversion. Effect of temperature on chemical equilibrium. Phase equilibrium. Evaporation of pure liquid. Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Solutions, Raoult’s law. Chemical kinetics, basic terms - rate of chemical reaction, law of mass action, (Guldberg-Waage law), molecularity, order of reaction, reaction mechanism. Kinetics of first-order reactions, reaction half-life. Temperature and pressure dependence of the rate of a chemical reaction. Effect of concentration on reaction rate. Kinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions - elementary steps in heterogenous process, diffusion, laws of diffusion. Adsorption, adsorption of gases on solid surfaces, Freundlich adsorption isotherm. Mechanism of combustion reaction, theory of chain reactions, theory of thermal spontaneous ignition. Ignition limit, first, second and third pressure ignition limit. Heterogeneous and homogeneous combustion. Kinetic and diffusion combustion. Adiabatic (theoretical) flame temperature. Combustible compositions and combustion products. Specific combustion heat and specific caloric power. Combustion of fuels. Amount of oxygen and air for combustion. Mechanism of explosive transformations. Explosive hazards. Theory of extinguishing, physicochemical principles.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2009/2010 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R006) Fire Protection Engineering and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner