619-0407/01 – Theory of Technological Processes (TTP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2012/2013Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB36 prof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
DUD32 doc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
ZAL041 Ing. Monika Kawuloková, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
PER40 RNDr. Kristina Peřinová
VIT155 Ing. Silvie Rosypalová, Ph.D.
SME06 doc. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to define solutions - Raoult´s law and Henry´s law, ideal and nonideal solutions, the thermodynamic activity of a component in solution, thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic models of solutions - to apply the chemical thermodynamics and kinetics on pyrometallurgical processes – the thermal dissociation, the extraction of metals from their oxides, the Boudouard reaction - to observe and analyse processes and interaction between metal melts and a gaseous phase - to observe and analyse processes between metal melts and oxidic melts - to outline physical properties of melts - liquid metals and oxidic melts - to apply gained theoretical knowledge in routine

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs


The topic of the subject is theoretical foundation in the area of application of the physical chemistry principles to particular technological processes.

Compulsory literature:

MOORE, John Jeremy. Chemical Metallurgy . 2nd ed. Oxford : Butterworth-Heinemann, 1990. 435 s.

Recommended literature:

GASKELL,D.R. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics. Washington: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1973.520 p. ATKINS,Peter; De Paula,Julio. Elements of Physical chemistry. Fifth Edition. Oxford: University of Oxford, 2009. 578s.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- two calculation exam - five laboratory protocols - active participation in seminars


Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities required.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

ntroduction. Fundamentals of gas laws. The chemical thermodynamics – heat capacities, definition, properties and classification. The First law of thermodynamics, definition, signification – heat of reaction. Laws of thermochemistry, theoretical calculation of reaction heat. Kirchhoff’s law - variation of the reaction enthalpy wih temperature, the heating and cooling of substances. The Second law of thermodynamics – definition and signification. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. Conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. Chemical equilibrium, the equilibrium constants for homogeneous nad heterogeneous chemical reactions, types of equilibrium constants, calculation of equilibrium composition. The Van´t Hoff reaction isotherm, isobare and isochore. The phase equilibrium. Partial molar quantities, chemical potential and its significance for physical equilibrium. The Gibbs phase rule, phase, state of aggregation, component, degree of freedom, phase equilibrium of pure substances, Clapeyron equation, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. The chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions - basic kinetic terms (rate of chemical reaction, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, reaction mechanism). Kinetic equations with different order, the temperature dependence of the rate of reaction. Diffusion and adsorption in heterogeneous kinetics, application in technological processes. Metal melts, oxide melts, physicochemical properties. The thermal dissociation of coumpounds, oxide reduction, thermodynamics and kinetics. The metal oxidation kinetics. Solutions and their classification, description, properties, thermodynamic models of solutions. Molten slags, molecular and ionic theory, physicochemical properties. Reactions between slag and metal – distribution of oxygen and sulphur, desulphurisation, dephosphorization, deoxidation. Inclusions in liquid metals – formation, growth and sepataion of inclusions. Physical and metallurgical aspects of gases in molten metal, the Sievert's law. Surface reactions, theory and application.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester, validity until: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45 (45) 20
                Laboratorní práce Laboratory work 15  0
                Písemka Written test 28  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 2  0
        Examination Examination 55 (55) 15
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 15  5
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 40  10
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3923) Materials Engineering (3911R034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner