619-0901/02 – Physical Chemistry (FCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2011/2012Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
DOB36 prof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Combined Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

To deepen the student's knowledge in the field of physical chemistry with a focus on modern trends in the development of science in chemical technology.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations

Summary

The topic of the subject is chemical thermodynamics (thermodynamic description of the systems and processes, description of the chemical and phase equilibria) and chemical kinetics (kinetic analysis of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions). Chapter selection will be made based on the orientation of the doctoral dissertation together with the supervisor.

Compulsory literature:

ATKINS, P. W. a Julio DE PAULA. Atkins' Physical chemistry. 10th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, c2014. ISBN 978-0-19-969740-3. BALL, David Warren. Physical chemistry. Belmont: Brooks/Cole, c2003. ISBN 0-534-26658-4. PRICE, Gareth J. Thermodynamics of chemical processes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-855963-1.

Recommended literature:

ATKINS, P. W. The elements of physical chemistry. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, c1996. ISBN 0-19-855953-4. LUPIS, C. H. P. Chemical thermodynamics of materials. New York: North-Holland, c1983. ISBN 0-444-00779-2. Current articles in professional journals.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Ústní zkouška s písemnou přípravou

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities are required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

The First law of thermodynamics, definition, signification. Enthalpy, influence of temperature and pressure on this quantity. The heat of reaction, laws of thermochemistry and their use. Variation of the reaction enthalpy with temperature. The adiabatic reaction temperature. The Second law of thermodynamics – definition and signification.Entropy, influence of temperature, pressure and volume on this quantity. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. Gibbs-Helmholtz equations, significance and application. Partial molar quantities – definition, properties. The chemical potential and its significance. Chemical equilibrium,influence of external conditions on equilibrium.The Le Chatelier’s principle. The phase equilibrium, phase, component, degree of freedom. Conditions of equilibrium in multiphase systems. The Gibbs phase rule, its application to single-component and multi-component systems. The Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Solutions and their classification. Nonelectrolyte solutions, ideal and non-ideal solutions. Non-ideal solutions, definition of the standard states for component in binary solutions, deviation from Raoult´s and Henry´s law, activity and activity coefficient. Multicomponents systems, activities and interaction coefficients. Thermodynamic functions and models of solutions. Differential and integral quantities. Mixing and excess quantities. Chemical kinetics. Kinetics of homogeneous simple reactions. Guldberg-Waag Law, kinetic interpretation of equilibrium. First-order reactions, second-order reactions, nth-order reactions. The mechanism of simultaneous chemical reactions reversible, parallel and consecutive reactions, mathematic analysis.The temperature dependence of the rate of a chemical reaction, Arrhenius equation. Theory of reaction rates. The effect of pressure on reactions rate. Kinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions, elementary steps in heterogenous reactions. The diffusion, molecular diffusion, Fick’s laws of diffusion, consecutive and parallel diffusion, principles of analysis. The adsorption, physical adsorption and chemisorption. Adsorption from gases on solids. Adsorption isotherms. Adsorption from solutions on solids.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2018/2019 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2106) Metallurgy (2807V003) Chemical Metallurgy P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2106) Metallurgy (2807V003) Chemical Metallurgy K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2106) Metallurgy (2109V036) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner