619-0907/02 – Physical Chemistry of Combustion and Explosion Processes (FCHHV)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
Study levelpostgraduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2013/2014Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFBIIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 28+0
Combined Examination 28+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to define the thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic laws - to describe the chemical equilibrium – to monitor the dependence of the equilibrium constant on state variables (dependence on temperature, dependence on pressure) – to utilize Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of initial composition, pressure and inert component on the equilibrium composition) - to describe the phase equilibrium - Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibria of pure substances and liquid-vapour equilibrium in mixtures - to define and apply basic principles of chemical kinetics - rate of chemical reaction, kinetic equation, order of reaction, rate constant, the theory of reaction rates - to describe basic steps of heterogeneous process - physical processes limiting kinetics of heterogeneous processes, diffusion, the Fick's first and second law, adsorption, adsorption isotherms - to apply the chemical thermodynamics a kinetics on the processes of combustion, explosion and extinguishing

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations

Summary

Application of the physico-chemical laws on the processes of combustion, explosion and extiguishing.

Compulsory literature:

Atkins,P.W., Physical Chemistry. Fourth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 995 p. Warnatz,J., Maas,U., Dibble,R.W., Combustion. Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New Uork. 1996. 265 p.

Recommended literature:

Warnatz,J., Maas,U., Dibble,R.W., Combustion. Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation. Warren Strahle C., An Introduction to Combustion. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. Combustion Science and Technology Book Series.Volume 1. 1993. 166p. Current articles in professional journals.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities are required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Thermodynamic and kinetic characteristics of combustion and explosion. Reaction, combustion and explosion heat dependence on temperature, maximum reaction temperature. Steady-state chemical and physical. Properties of combustibles and explosives, their thermochemical characteristics. Oxygen and air for combustion and explosion, oxygen index. The composition of the products of combustion and explosion, thermal effects, pressure and temperature. Isobaric and isochoric explosion temperature. Specific heat of fire. The reaction mechanism of combustion and explosion. Theory chain reactions. thermal mechanism adiabatic reaction kinetics. Pressure, temperature and concentration Explosion limits. Induction period. Suppression of explosion inerting. Physical characteristics. Diffusion, kinetic, laminar and turbulent flame temperature distribution in the flame. Flame stability. Combustion of gaseous, liquid and solid substances. Burning disperse systems. The mechanism of explosive transformations, explosive burning, II.řádu explosion, detonation. The shock wave formation, propagation. The hydrodynamic theory of detonation. Physico-chemical principles of fighting. Heat and temperature regime of fire. Extinguishing media and their physico-chemical properties and actions. dilution, cooling, suspension, retardation. Properties of colloidal systems in combustion and fire.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history
Combined form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2018/2019 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P3974) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (P3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908V009) Fire Protection and Safety K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner