619-0924/01 – Environmental and Health Impacts of Road and Rail Transport. (EaZDSaKD)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits10
Subject guarantorProf. Mgr. Jana Kukutschová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorProf. Mgr. Jana Kukutschová, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFSIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
LES05 Prof. Mgr. Jana Kukutschová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 25+0
Part-time Examination 25+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student who successfully completes the subject is able to define key aspects of road and rail transport which contribute to their environmental and health risks. Further, the student can describe single sources of particulate, organic and inorganic emissions and present particular examples of potential impacts on single components of the environment. The student is able to discuss current trends in development of eco-friendly technologies and materials for reduction of environmental and health risks and further is able to describe legislative framework of this issue.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Other activities

Summary

The subject is focused on potential impacts of road and rail transportation on environment and human health. The subject also includes definition and description of sources emitting particulates, organic compounds and inorganic gases and moreover particular examples of potential impacts on single components of the environment as a by-product of exhaust and non-exhaust processes. The issue of development of eco-friendly technologies and materials for reduction of environmental and health impacts of transportation and finally the legislative framework of this issue are also dicussed within this subject.

Compulsory literature:

Eastwood P.: Particulate Emissions from Vehicles, John Wiley & Sons, 2008, ISBN 978-0-470-72455-2. Amato F.: Non-exhaust Emissions: An Urban Air Quality Problem for Public Health, Academic Press, 2018, ISBN 978-0-12-811770-5. Black W.R.: Sustainable Transportation: Problems and Solutions, Guilford Press, 2010, ISBN 978-1-60623-485-3.

Recommended literature:

Merkisz J., Pielecha: Nanoparticle Emissions From Combustion Engines, Springer, 2015, ISBN 978-3-319-159287-0. Nicolopoulu-Stamati P., Hens L., Howard C.V.: Environmental Health Impacts of Transport and Mobility, Springer, 2006, ISBN 9781402043048. Articles in scientific journals.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Other requirements

Semestral project on the defined topic and its presentation before examiner.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction to the impact of transport on individual environmental compartments, distribution of emission sources and basic emission categorization. 2. Emissions from combustion processes: emissions from combustion of fuels, emissions from the use of catalysts - their mechanism of origin, character and methods of measurement and characterization, emissions of additives used in fuels. Differences between petrol and diesel engines in the chemical composition and character of dust particles. 3. Emissions from non-combustion processes: emissions from abrasion of brakes, tires, roadway and other vehicle parts - origin mechanism, nature and methods of measurement and characterization. Differences in emissions from brake plates containing metals and organic plates. 4. Emissions from electromobility - sources, mechanism of origin and character - differences from vehicles with internal combustion engines and friction braking systems. 5. Emissions from abrasive particles from rail transport - sources, mechanism of formation and character of particles from metal-ceramic and organic brake pads used in metro cars, trains and fast trains. 6. Impact of transport emissions on air quality - emissions of gases, organic substances and suspended dust particles. Problems of resuspended particles and their contribution to air pollution. 7. Impacts of emissions from transport on soil quality - emissions of organic substances and sedimented fraction of particles and their influence and behavior of soil systems, e.g. affecting soil fertility, etc. 8. Impact of transport emissions on water quality - solubility of individual components and their transfer from soils to surface and groundwater. 9. Possible effects of transport emissions on living systems - aquatic, soil organisms and human health - transport pathways, especially inhalation, penetration into organism and influence on individual organ systems. Professional exposure (drivers, traffic police, etc.) and its health impacts. 10. Technology to minimize impacts on the environment and human health and development of environmentally friendly materials for use in transport - development of materials for automobile brake pads, brake discs with surface treatment and cooling system and their impact on produced emissions. 11. Legislative framework of transport emissions - legislation for control and regulation of emissions from combustion and non-combustion processes. Methods of routine measurements.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (P1041D040006) Transport Systems P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P1041D040006) Transport Systems K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P1041D040006) Transport Systems P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P1041D040006) Transport Systems K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner