619-2001/03 – Physical Chemistry (FCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits8
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
DRO0013 Ing. Ľubomíra Drozdová, Ph.D.
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
ZAL041 Ing. Monika Kawuloková, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
VIT155 Ing. Silvie Rosypalová, Ph.D.
SME06 prof. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
SOR0008 Ing. Svetlana Sorokina
DOC01 Ing. Simona Zlá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+4
Part-time Credit and Examination 18+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to utilize the fundamental thermodynamic quantities (enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy) for the system behaviour describing - to describe the chemical equilibrium – to monitor the dependence of the equilibrium constant on state variables (dependence on temperature, dependence on pressure) - to describe the phase equilibrium, Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibrium of pure substances - to define and to utilize basic terms of chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction, rate of chemical reaction, kinetic equation, order of reaction, rate constant to monitor the dependence of the reaction rate on temperature and on pressure - to describe basic processes of heterogeneous reactions – diffusion, adsorption - to determine the rate-limiting process for heterogeneous processes - to apply obtained theoretical knowledge in tutorials and laboratory and on selected processes of chemical practice.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs
Other activities

Summary

The topic of the subject is chemical thermodynamics (thermodynamic description of the systems and processes, description of the chemical and phase equilibria) and chemical kinetics (kinetic analysis of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions)

Compulsory literature:

ATKINS, P. W. a Julio DE PAULA. The elements of physical chemistry. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-922672-6.

Recommended literature:

ATKINS, P. W. a Julio DE PAULA. Atkins' Physical chemistry. 10th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, c2014. ISBN 978-0-19-969740-3.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

FULL-TIME STUDY List of conditions for obtaining of credit: - required attendance at the exercises - two written tests - passing the required number of laboratory exercises, elaboration and defense of laboratory protocols. Points scoring for credit: Min. number of points - 20 Max. number of points - 45 Points scoring for examination - combined examination. The examination consists of two parts - written and oral examination. Written examination (min. number of points - 5, max. number of points - 15) Oral examination (min. number of points - 10, max. number of points - 40) COMBINED STUDY List of conditions for obtaining of credit: - required attendance at the exercise - elaboration of the specified calculation program Points scoring for credit: Min. number of points - 15 Max. number of points - 30 Points scoring for examination Oral examination (min. number of points - 25, max. number of points - 70)

E-learning

Other requirements

No other activities are required.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: 1. Introduction. Gases. Ideal gases, fundamental laws. Real gases, compressibility factor, virial coefficients, critical state, Van der Waals equation of state, theorem of corresponding states. 2. The chemical thermodynamics. Basic terms, thermodynamic system, thermodynamic properties, thermodynamic process, thermodynamic state functions. Heat capacities of substances, variation of heat capacities with temperature, difference in the molar heat capacities between the products and reactants. The First law of thermodynamics, definition, signification. The work done by ideal gas. The heat at constant pressure and volume. The fundamental thermodynamic function – enthalpy. The thermodynamic definition of molar heat capacities. 3. The heating and cooling of substances. The heat of reaction. Laws of thermochemistry, theoretical calculation of reaction heat. Kirchhoff’s law - variation of the reaction enthalpy with temperature. The adiabatic reaction temperature. 4. The Second law of thermodynamics – definition and signification. The heat engine, Carnot heat engine. The fundamental thermodynamic function – entropy (temperature and volume dependence for homogeneous system, temperature and pressure dependence for a homogeneous system). The statistical interpretation of entropy. 5. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. Conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. Combined formulations of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, Maxwell relations. The Gibbs and Helmholtz free energy – temperature dependence, Gibbs-Helmholtz equations, significance and application. 6. Partial molar quantities – definition, properties. The Gibbs-Duhem equation. The chemical potential and its significance. Chemical equilibrium. Conditions for chemical equilibrium. The van´t Hoff reaction isotherm, thermodynamic equilibrium constant. Types of equilibrium constant for homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactions. 7. The calculation of equilibrium composition and degree of conversion. The effect of temperature on chemical equilibrium, van't Hoff reaction isochore and isobar. The effect of pressure on chemical equilibrium. The Le Chatelier’s principle. 8. The phase equilibrium. The Gibbs phase rule, phase, component, degree of freedom. The phase diagram of a one-component system, triple point and critical point. Phase equilibrium of pure substances, Clapeyron and Clausius Clapeyron equation. 9. Two-component (binary) system. The third law of thermodynamics. Nernst's theorem, Planck's postulate. 10. The chemical kinetics, significance. Homogeneous simple reactions. Basic terms, rate of chemical reaction, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, reaction mechanism. First-order reactions, reaction half-life, second-order reactions, nth-order reactions. 11. The mechanism of simultaneous chemical reactions, reversible, parallel and consecutive reactions, mathematic analysis. 12. The temperature dependence of the rate of a chemical reaction, Arrhenius equation. The theory of chemical kinetics - collision theory and theory of absolute reaction rates. The effect of pressure on reactions rate. 13. Kinetics of heterogeneous chemical reactions, elementary steps in heterogenous reactions. The molecular diffusion, Fick’s laws of diffusion, consecutive and parallel diffusion, principles of analysis. The convection diffusion. 14. The adsorption, physical adsorption and chemisorption. Adsorption from gases on solids. Adsorption isotherms, Freundlich's and Langmuir´s isotherms, BET model of adsorption isotherm.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 45 (45) 20
                Písemka Written test 26  8
                Laboratorní práce Laboratory work 16  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 3  0
        Examination Examination 55 (55) 15
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 15  5
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 40  10
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 79% participation in the theoretical exercises of the given subject 100% participation in the laboratory exercises of the given subject

Show history
Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30 (30) 15
                Semestrální projekt Semestral project 25  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 5  0
        Examination Examination 70 (70) 25
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 70  25
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Participation in the theoretical exercise of the given subject.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (B0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering ZPI P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
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2021/2022 (B0715A270006) Modern Production and Processing of Metallic Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0715A270005) Materials technologies and recycling K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0715A270005) Materials technologies and recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering ZPI P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270005) Materials technologies and recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270005) Materials technologies and recycling K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270006) Modern Production and Processing of Metallic Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270006) Modern Production and Processing of Metallic Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0712A130004) Chemical and environmental engineering ZPI P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270006) Modern Production and Processing of Metallic Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270006) Modern Production and Processing of Metallic Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270005) Materials technologies and recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270005) Materials technologies and recycling K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner