619-2002/01 – Theory of Technological Processes (TTP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB36 prof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
DUD32 doc. Ing. Rostislav Dudek, Ph.D.
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
VIT155 Ing. Silvie Rosypalová, Ph.D.
DOC01 Ing. Simona Zlá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Combined Credit and Examination 18+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- to define solutions - Raoult´s law and Henry´s law, ideal and nonideal solutions, the thermodynamic activity of a component in solution, thermodynamic quantities and thermodynamic models of solutions - to apply the chemical thermodynamics and kinetics on pyrometallurgical processes – the thermal dissociation, the extraction of metals from their oxides, the Boudouard reaction - to observe and analyse interaction between metal melt and a gaseous phase, between metal melt and oxidic melt - to characterize the physical properties of melt - molten metal and oxide melt - to apply gained theoretical knowledge in tutorials and laboratory and in the domain of selected technological processes.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The topic of the subject is theoretical foundation in the area of application of the physical chemistry principles to particular technological processes.

Compulsory literature:

[1] MOORE, John Jeremy. Chemical Metallurgy . 2nd ed. Oxford : Butterworth-Heinemann, 1990. 435 p.

Recommended literature:

[1] GASKELL,D.R. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics. Washington: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1973.520 p. [2] ATKINS,Peter; De Paula, Julio. Elements of Physical chemistry. Fifth Edition. Oxford: University of Oxford, 2009. 578p.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

PREZENČNÍ STUDIUM Podmínky pro získání zápočtu: - 100 % účast na teoretických cvičeních - 2 body - účast na teoretických cvičeních menší než 86% (více než 1 neúčast) poskytuje možnost neudělení zápočtu - úspěšné absolvování dvou samostatných výpočtových písemek – hodnocení (14 + 14) = max. 28 bodů - oprava písemky – lze opravit maximálně jednu písemku maximálně jedenkrát. - absolvování 5 laboratorních cvičení, odevzdání a obhájení protokolů – max. 15 bodů (toto bodové ohodnocení představuje hodnocení jak vlastní teoretické přípravy na zadanou laboratorní úlohu, tak hodnocení práce v laboratoři a hodnocení obsahové a formální stránky laboratorního protokolu včetně jeho obhajoby) Bodové hodnocení zápočtu: - zápočet min. bodů 20 - zápočet max. bodů 45 V celkovém zisku bodového ohodnocení zápočtu musí být obsaženo nenulové hodnocení obou výpočtových písemek (min. 5 bodů za 1 písemku) a laboratorního cvičení, tzn. student musí absolvovat obě výpočtové písemky a splnit podmínky laboratorního cvičení. Bodové hodnocení zkoušky: zkouška kombinovaná - písemná část zkoušky - max. 15 bodů - ústní teoretická část zkoušky - max. 40 bodů V celkovém zisku bodového ohodnocení zkoušky musí být obsaženo jak nenulové hodnocení výpočtové zkouškové písemky (min. 5 bodů) tak nenulové hodnocení vlastní ústní zkoušky, tzn. student musí absolvovat obě části zkoušky. Bodové hodnocení předmětu se získá součtem bodů za cvičení a za absolvování zkoušky, výsledná klasifikace je dána podmínkami ve Studijním a zkušebním řádu VŠB TUO. KOMBINOVANÉ STUDIUM

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

No other activities are defined.

Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
619-2001 FCH Physical Chemistry Compulsory

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Solutions and their classification. Nonelectrolyte solutions, ideal and real solutions. The Raoult’s law and Henry’s law. Real solutions, definition of the standard states for component in binary solutions, deviation from Raoult´s and Henry´s law, activity and activity coefficient. 2. Thermodynamic properties of multicomponent solutions, activities and interaction coefficients. 3. Thermodynamic functions of solutions. Partial molar quantities. Differential and integral quantities. Mixing and excess quantities. Thermodynamic models of solutions – ideal, real, regular and athermal solution. The Gibbs-Duhem equation, applications. 4. The thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanism of fundamental technological reactions. Equilibrium in a system containing condensed phases and gaseous phases. The thermal dissociation of compounds. The thermal dissociation temperature and pressure. 5. The indirect chemical reduction of metal oxide. The Boudouard reaction, thermodynamic and kinetic analysis, significance, technological use of Boudouard reaction. The direct reduction of metal oxide. Graphical representation of equilibria in the system metal – oxygen – carbon. 6. The mechanism and kinetics of thermal decomposition and reduction. Topochemical reaction, characteristics, models. The Jander´s equation. The metal oxidation kinetics. 7. Molten metal theories. The structure and physical properties of liquid metals – viscosity, surface tension, vaporization, sublimation, melting, transformation of the crystalline form. 8. The crystallisation. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, physicochemical analysis of process, critical radius of embryo and its dependence on selected factors. 9. Physical and metallurgical aspects of gases in molten metal. The Sievert's law – solubility dependence on selected factors. The influence of gas pressure on the solubility of gas in liquid metals. 10. Molten slags, theory of slags. The molecular and ionic theory of slags. The classification of ions in slags, basicity of slags. Physicochemical properties of slags - structure, viscosity, surface tension, electrochemical properties. 11. The Temkin´s model of ideal ionic melts, thermodynamic quantities of ideal ionic solution. Non-ideal ionic solution, characteristics of selected theories. 12. The thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanism of raffination processes. The distribution of components between two immiscible liquids, Nernst’s distribution law, distribution coefficient, distribution reactions between slag and metal. 13. Rafination reactions – desulphurisation, dephosphorization, deoxidation of slags, thermodynamic and kinetic description of rafination processes. 14. Nonmetallic phases in metal. The formation and growth of inclusions, thermodynamic and kinetic factors.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30 (30) 15
                Projekt Project 25  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 5  0
        Examination Examination 70 (70) 25
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 70  25
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (3909R014) Process Engineering and Quality Control Methods P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2109) Metallurgical Engineering (2109R038) Modern Metallurgical Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B3909) Process Engineering (2805R002) Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner