619-2003/04 – Theory of Technological Processes (TTP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DOB30 prof. Ing. Jana Dobrovská, CSc.
DOB36 prof. Ing. Ľudovít Dobrovský, CSc., dr.h.c.
DRO0013 Ing. Ľubomíra Drozdová
FRA37 Ing. Hana Francová, Ph.D.
ZAL041 Ing. Monika Kawuloková, Ph.D.
KOS37 Ing. Gabriela Kostiuková, Ph.D.
VIT155 Ing. Silvie Rosypalová, Ph.D.
SME06 prof. Ing. Bedřich Smetana, Ph.D.
DOC01 Ing. Simona Zlá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the basics of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics and their application to the technology of preparation of metallic materials. Graduates of the course will know and understand the basic thermodynamic and kinetic concepts for the description of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. They will be able to apply the basics of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics to selected technological processes and perceive these processes in a broader social context.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs
Project work


The topic of the subject is theoretical background in the area of application of the physical chemistry principles to technological processes.

Compulsory literature:

ATKINS, Peter W. a Julio DE PAULA. The elements of physical chemistry. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-922672-6.

Recommended literature:

Gaskell D.R.: Introduction to Thermodynamics of Materials, 3rd. Ed., Taylor and Francis, New York-London 1995, ISBN 1-56032-432-5.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

FULL-TIME STUDY List of conditions for obtaining of credit: - required attendance at the exercises - two written tests - passing the required number of laboratory exercises, elaboration and defense of laboratory protocols. Points scoring for credit: Min. number of points - 18 Max. number of points - 40 Points scoring for examination - combined examination. The examination consists of two parts - written and oral examination. Written examination (min. number of points - 5, max. number of points - 15) Oral examination (min. number of points - 10, max. number of points - 45)


Other requirements

No other activities are defined.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. Fundamentals of the laws of gases. The chemical thermodynamics – heat capacities, definition, properties and classification. 2. The First law of thermodynamics, definition, signification – the heating and cooling of substances, heat of reaction, laws of thermochemistry, standard enthalpy of formation, standard enthalpy of combustion, theoretical calculation of reaction heat. Kirchhoff’s law - variation of the reaction enthalpy with temperature. 3. The Second law of thermodynamics – definition and signification. Thermodynamic potentials – Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy. 4. Chemical equilibrium, the equilibrium constants for homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactions, types of equilibrium constants, calculation of equilibrium composition. The van´t Hoff reaction isotherm, isobar and isochore. 5. The phase equilibrium. Partial molar quantities, chemical potential and its significance for physical equilibrium. The Gibbs phase rule, phase, component, degree of freedom, phase equilibrium of pure substances, Clapeyron equation, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. 6. The chemical kinetics - homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions - basic kinetic terms (rate of chemical reaction, order of reaction, molecularity, rate constant, and reaction mechanism). Kinetic equations with different order, the temperature dependence of the rate of reaction. 7. Diffusion and adsorption in heterogeneous kinetics, application in technological processes. 8. The thermal dissociation of compounds, oxide reduction, thermodynamics and kinetics. The metal oxidation kinetics. 9. Solutions and their classification, description, properties, thermodynamic models of solutions. 10. Molten slags, molecular and ionic theory, physicochemical properties. 11. Models of ionic melts, metal melts, oxide melts, physicochemical properties. 12. Reactions between slag and metal – distribution of oxygen and sulphur, desulphurisation, dephosphorization, deoxidation. 13. Inclusions in liquid metals – formation, growth and separation of inclusions. Physical and metallurgical aspects of gases in molten metal, the Sievert's law. 14. Surface reactions, theory and application.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40 (40) 18
                Laboratorní práce Laboratory work 12  0
                Písemka Written test 26  0
                Jiný typ úlohy Other task type 2  0
        Examination Examination 60 (60) 15
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 15  5
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 45  10
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 86% participation in the theoretical exercises of the given subject 100% participation in the laboratory exercises of the given subject

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B0715A270007) Materials and technologies for the automotive industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270007) Materials and technologies for the automotive industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270007) Materials and technologies for the automotive industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner