619-3015/01 – Chemical Reactor Engineering (RI)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological ProcessesCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Lucie Obalová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Lucie Obalová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesUSPIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
OBA79 prof. Ing. Lucie Obalová, Ph.D.
PAC08 Ing. Kateřina Pacultová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 3+3

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is to apply knowledge of chemical kinetics, thermodynamics and hydrodynamics, theory of heat and mass transfer in the design and simulation of chemical reactors.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Project work

Summary

Subject Chemical Reactor Engineering deals with the kinetics of chemical reactions in homogeneous systems (liquid and gas), with a methodology for the collection and evaluation of kinetic data, basic model ideas of isothermal and non-isothermal chemical reactors, their design and simulation, heterogeneous reactors and basic concepts of non-ideal flow and its detection.

Compulsory literature:

FOGLER, H. S. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering. New York: Prentice Hall, 1999. LEVENSPIEL, O. Teorie a výpočty chemických reaktorů. Praha: SNTL, 1967.

Recommended literature:

FROMENT, G. F., BISCHOFF, K. B. Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design. Wiley Series in Chemical Engineering, 2010. LEVENSPIEL, O. The Chemical Reactor Omnibook. Oregon: Corvallis, 1979. NAUMAN, E. B. Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, and Scale up. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2002.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Podmínkou získání zápočtu je odevzdání tří výpočtových programů.

E-learning

Other requirements

No other activities are required.

Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
617-3010 PI Process Engineering Compulsory

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Thermodynamics of chemical reactions. Thermal effect of a chemical reaction. Gibbs energy of a thermodynamic feasibility. Chemical equilibrium. Equations of reaction isotherm and isobar . The equilibrium degree of conversion. 2. Homogeneous reactions. Elementary reactions, simple and simultaneous reactions. Reaction rate. Arrhenius equation. Selectivity. Yield. 3. General material and energy balance of chemical reactor. Stoichiometry. 4. Ideally mixed batch reactor. Description and examples of use. Material and enthalpy balance. Reactor with a variable volume and pressure. The design and control of the reactor. 5. Continuous stirred tank reactor. Description and examples of use. Material and enthalpy balance. Space time, space velocity. The design and control of the reactor. Stability of the continuous stirred tank reactor. Multiple steady states. Starting of operation. Cascade of mixed flow reactors. 6. Plug flow reactors. Description and examples of use. Fabric and enthalpy balance. The design and control of the reactor. Comparison of the stirred tank and tubular reactors. 7. Isothermal, adiabatic and non-isothermal reactors. The optimum working temperature. Design solutions. 8. Research on the kinetics of chemical reactions. Macrokinetic and microkinetic properties. Principles of design of laboratory reactor. The principle of data transfer. Scale up. 9. Methods of processing of kinetic data. Linear regression, nonlinear regression. 10. Real flow. Methods of diagnosis of hydrodynamics flow in real reactors. Residence time distribution. Flow model for real reactors, axial dispersion, cascade of ideal mixers, dead space, segregation model. 11. Kinetics of heterogeneous reactions. Examples of multiphase reactors: reactors for liquid – gas reactions, reactors for gas - liquid - solid phase. 12. Heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Catalyst and events occurring in the catalyst particle. The kinetic equations for the catalytic reactions. Models of heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Thiele modulus. Effectiveness factor. Pressure drop in fixed bed. 13. Excursion to the chemical company.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2018/2019 (N3969) Technology of Processes in Energetics (3907T013) Technology of Processes in Energetics P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3969) Technology of Processes in Energetics (3907T013) Technology of Processes in Energetics P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3969) Technology of Processes in Energetics (3907T013) Technology of Processes in Energetics P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner