635-2033/03 – Basics of thermodynamics (ZT)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Thermal EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorIng. Mario Machů, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Mario Machů, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2023/2024Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MAC589 Ing. Mario Machů, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 15+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able: - to use laws of ideal gases for solving problems, - to solve tasks on gas mixtures, - to characterize the properties of real gases, - to solve thermal cycles, - to solve flowing through nozzles, - to know the basics of humid air theory, - to use water steam tables and diagrams.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The subject deals with basic laws of thermodynamics, state quantities of ideal gases. Explains quantities heat, work, technical work. Further topics are equation of states, mixtures of gases, basic changes in the states of ideal gases, entropy, thermodynamic diagrams, reversible and irreversible changes, Carnot's cycle, open systems, real gases and vapors, basic calculations of humid air processes, thermodynamics of gas flow, cycles of thermal motors and turbines, compression, reversed cycles, heat pumps, steam thermal circuits.

Compulsory literature:

[1] JÍLEK, M. Thermomechanics. Praha: ČVUT, 2016. [2] JÍLEK, M. Exercises and Labs in Thermomechanics. Praha: ČVUT, Fakulta strojní, 2012. 3. vydání. ISBN 978-80-01-05086-6. [3] BEJAN, A., KRAUS, A. D. Heat Transfer Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, 2003. ISBN 978-0-471-39015-2. [4] KREITH., F., BLACK, W. Z. Basic heat transfer. New York: Harper and Row, 1980.

Recommended literature:

[1] MORAN, M.J.; SHAPIRO, H.N. Fundamental of Engineering Thermodynamics. 2.vyd. New York : John Wiey & Sons, Inc.,1992. ISBN 0471076813. [2] POLING, B. E.; PRAUSNITZ, J.M. The properties of gases and liquids. McGraw-Hill, 2001. [3] MICHAELIDES, E. Alternative Energy Sources. Heidelberg. Springer, 2012. ISBN 978-3-642-20950-5.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written test and oral exam.


Other requirements

Basic knowlegde of physics.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

• The first law of thermodynamics, heat, work, state quantities of ideal gases. • Mixtures of gases. • Enthalpy, technical work. Basic changes in the p-v diagram. • Entropy. The second law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes. • Carnot's cycle. • Basic changes in the T-s diagram. • Real gases and vapors. Evaporation and condensation. Water vapor diagrams. • Humid air, Mollier diagram. Basic calculations of humid air processes. • Thermodynamics of gas flow. • Heat circulations of thermal motors, gas turbines, rocket motor. • Compressors. • Reversed cycle, heat pumps, cooling systems. • Steam thermal circuits.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2023/2024 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 25  15
        Examination Examination 75  36 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Min. 80 % attendance on exercise.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Completion of all mandatory tasks within individually agreed deadlines.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2024/2025 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering STZ P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering STZ K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering STZ K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering STZ P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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