635-2035/01 – Alternative Energy Sources (AEZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Thermal EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. René PyszkoSubject version guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. René Pyszko
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PR150 prof. Ing. Miroslav Příhoda, CSc.
PYS30 prof. Dr. Ing. René Pyszko
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 18+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able: - to calculate optimal orientation and power of solar collector and photovoltaic cell - to calculate power of wind engine and water engine - to assess particular renewable energy sources - to compare types of fuel cells - to compare various ways of energy storage

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Solar energy – solar radiation basic parameters, solar positioning. Solar thermal collectors, barrier-layer photocell. Wind energy – wind engine output, wind power plants. Energy of seas and water flows. Energy of biomass: thermal, biotechnological and chemical processes. Low temperature and high temperature geothermal energy. Heat pumps. Nuclear energy. Hydrogen technologies. Fuel cells. Energy storage.

Compulsory literature:

[1] MICHAELIDES, E. Alternative Energy Sources. Heidelberg. Springer, 2012. ISBN 978-3-642-20950-5. [2] LIENHARD IV, J. H., LIENHARD V, J. H. A Heat Transfer Textbook. 4th ed. Cambridge: Phlogiston Press, 2012. [3] GASCH, R., TWELE, J. Wind Power Plants: Fundamentals, Design, Construction and Operation. 2nd ed. Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. ISBN 978-3-642-22937-4. [4] MacKAY, D. J. C. Sustainable Energy - without the hot air. Cambridge: UIT, 2008. ISBN 978-0-9544529-3-3.

Recommended literature:

[1] GASCH, R., TWELE, J. Wind Power Plants: Fundamentals, Design, Construction and Operation. 2nd ed. Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. ISBN 978-3-642-22937-4. [2] Časopisy: Power in Europe, GWI, Renewable Energy Focus. [3] www.renewableenergyworld.com.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written test and oral exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

Basic knowledge of maths, physics and chemistry.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

• Solar energy. Solar spectrum, solar constant, Positioning the Sun. Solar energy flux density, direct sunlight, diffuse sunlight, total solar radiation. Energy to insulated area. • Solar collectors - flat, vacuum, concentration. Energy absorbed by collector, collector efficiency. • Photovoltaic conversion. Band gap. Photovoltaic cells - types, performance, efficiency, connection. Photovoltaic power plants. • Wind energy: Parameters and vertical wind profile. The kinetic energy and wind power. Betz’s law. Output wind engine, tip-speed ratio. Wind turbine - rotor, gearbox, generator, system yaw of engine room, tower, control system. The potential of wind energy in the Czech Republic. • The energy of water flows. Specific energy, output of the water engine. The main kinds of water turbines. Hydroelectric power plant in the Czech Republic and the world. Ocean energy. - sea waves, tides, ocean currents, temperature gradient between different depths, osmotic processes, thermal energy, etc. • Biomass. Biomass for energy uses - purposely grown biomass, waste. EROEI. The methods of extracting energy from biomass. Thermal processes - combustion, gasification, pyrolysis. Biotechnological processes - anaerobic digestion and ethanol fermentation. Chemical processes - biodiesel. • Geothermal energy. Geothermal gradient, heat flow. Geothermal resources. Geothermal power plants. • Heat pumps. Principle, COP. Refrigerants for HP. Types of heat pumps: air - air, air - water, water - water, ground - water. The environmental aspect in the application of heat pumps. • Nuclear energy. Energy from nuclear reactions. Ways to control the chain reaction. Nuclear reactor. Nuclear power plants. Fusion energy. • Hydrogen technologies. Production of hydrogen from fossil fuels, electrolysis of water. • Fuel cells. The principle, types - A, PEM, PA, MC, SO. Development and application of FC. • Energy storage - electromechanical, thermal, chemical.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 25  15
        Examination Examination 75  36
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Min. 80 % attendance on exercise.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner