635-2042/01 – Energy recovery from waste (EVZO)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Thermal EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Jozef Vlček, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Jozef Vlček, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year3Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BUR19 Ing. Jiří Burda
VLC37 doc. Ing. Jozef Vlček, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+3
Part-time Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able: - assess the quality of the waste in terms of its possible energy treatment - Assess the suitability of methods for energy treatment of waste - Establish a method for the measuring of the technical and environmental indicators of the waste energy treatment of waste - evaluate the suitability of methods to reduce the negative impacts of energy treatment of waste techniques on the environment - to propose a way of dealing with products from energy treatment of waste processing - to assess the aspects of the energy treatment from of waste the point of view of the applicable legislation

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Human production is related to waste production. Despite efforts to reduce waste production, respectively their material recovery there remains the amount of industrial and mixed municipal waste for which there is no adequate exploitation. The subject gives the basic characteristics of the waste, which can be considered as fuel. The student acquires knowledge about methods of waste utilization by oxidation and reduction methods as well as low-temperature methods. Emphasis is placed on ways to reduce the negative effects of energy treatment of waste on the environment with the greatest possible energy efficiency of these process. The graduate will become acquainted with the possibilities of monitoring of the indicators of energy treatment of waste and will become familiar with the ways of processing of the solid residues from energy treatment of waste process.

Compulsory literature:

[1] LACKNER, M, WINTER, F. and AGARWAL, A. K. Handbook of combustion. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2010. ISBN 978-3-527-32449-1. [2] KALOGIROU, E., N. Waste-to-energy technologies and global applications. Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018. ISBN 978-1-138-03520-1. [3] THOMÉ-KOZMIENSKY, K., J. a PELLONI, L. Waste management. Vol. 2, Waste management, recycling composting, fermentation, mechanical-biological treatment, energy recovery from waste, sewage sludge treatment. Neuruppin: TK Verlag, 2011. [4] OCHODEK, T., NAJSER, J., CHŁOND, R. Technical aspects in heat and electric energy production by waste biomass gasification in south Moravia sawmill. Sborník vědeckých prací Vysoké školy báňské - Technické univerzity Ostrava. Řada strojní d. Ostrava: VŠB - TU Ostrava, 2011, 57(1), 207-219. ISSN 1210-0471.

Recommended literature:

[1] VEZIROGLU, T. N. Alternative energy sources VI. Volume 2, Solar applications, waste energy. Washington: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, c1985. ISBN 0-89116-429-4. [2] LAPČÍK, V., LAPČÍKOVÁ, M. Possibilities of energy recovery from municipal waste. GeoScience Engineering. Ostrava: VŠB - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2012, 58(4), 49-58. ISSN 1802-5420. [3] WZOREK, Z. Waste recycling. Kraków: Wydawnictwo IGSMiE PAN, 2005. ISBN 83-89174-83-9.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written test and oral exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

Attendance on excursions in producing plants.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

• Production of municipal and industrial waste, principles of waste management. • Waste management legislation focusing on the area of thermal treatment of waste • Evaluation of thermophysical properties of fuels and wastes, calculations of combustion processes • Overview of methods of energy treatment of waste • Waste incineration, process description and technical equipment for waste incineration • Evaluation of the energy efficiency of waste incineration processes, conditions for energy recovery of waste • Utilization of energy from the waste incineration process, possibility of efficient operation of waste incineration plants • Measurement of emissions in thermal treatment of waste plants, characterization of measuring instruments and methods of sampling of gas samples, interpretation of measured emission values • Solid products of energy treatment of waste, their characterization and processing • Co-incineration of waste in power generation facilities and in cement plants • Gasification and pyrolysis of waste, process description and technical equipment for gasification and pyrolysis of waste • Devices and methods for eliminating of the negative impacts of the energy treatment of waste on the environment • Cold methods of energy treatment of waste, anaerobic decomposition of waste and biogas production

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 25  15
        Examination Examination 75  38
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Min. 80 % attendance on exercise.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner