635-2050/01 – Industrial furnaces (PP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Thermal EngineeringCredits7
Subject guarantorIng. Mario Machů, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Mario Machů, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2023/2024Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BUR19 Ing. Jiří Burda, Ph.D.
MAC589 Ing. Mario Machů, Ph.D.
VEL37 doc. Ing. Marek Velička, Ph.D.
VLC37 prof. Ing. Jozef Vlček, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Part-time Credit and Examination 21+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able: - categorize types of industrial furnaces and their applications - calculate the basic thermal engineering parameters for heating or cooling of materials - evaluate the possibilities of using different heating systems in furnaces - categorize the important thermo-technical parameters for heating technology - calculate the basic parameters for the use of heat exchangers

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The course focuses on understanding the basic thermal engineering principles and fundamentals of heat transfer and hydromechanics. It also focuses on the thermo-physical properties of materials in the context of their heating and cooling. The basics of heat transfer in the furnace environment, methods of heating materials, calculation times for heating materials, heating in controlled atmospheres, and rapid heating are described. An overview of the furnace linings used, heat exchangers and methods of measuring basic parameters in furnaces is also given. Overview of furnace types and their design parameters. Practical demonstration of heating and cooling of materials.

Compulsory literature:

1. TRINKS, W. at al. Industrial Furnaces. 6. vyd. Wiley-Interscience, 2003. 496 s. ISBN: 978-0471387060.

Recommended literature:

1. DESHMUKH, Yeshvant V. Industrial Heating. Principles, Techniques, Materials, Applications, and Design. 1th ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 2019. ISBN: 978-0367392840.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written test and oral exam.


Other requirements

Attendance on excurions in producing plants.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Brief overview of thermomechanics - basic laws and principles. Heat transfer - basic equations and equations for stationary and non-stationary heat conduction, radiation and convection. Combined heat transfer. Hydromechanics - statics and dynamics - most commonly used equations in fluid flow. 2. Thermophysical properties of materials. Thermal conductivity coefficient, specific heat capacity, density, thermal conductivity coefficient, viscosity. Enthalpy. Emissivity. Heat of Combustion, calorific value. 3. Heat exchange in the furnace working area - external and internal heat transfer. Convective and radiant heat flux. Biot's criteria. 4. Methods of heating materials. Heating of thin bodies. Heating of thick bodies. Heating time calculations. Heating modes of metals. Rapid heating. 5. Technological principles of material heating. Thermal stresses. Effect of heating time and temperature on the formation of scaling and opal. Heating in protective atmospheres, controlled and working atmospheres. 6. Heating systems in furnaces. Resistance heating. Induction heating. Plasma heating. Electron heating. Dielectric heat. Microwave heating. Infrared heating. Laser heating. Electric arc. Burners. 7. Brief overview of refractories for furnace systems. Classification, properties, applications. 8. Basic overview of heat exchangers most commonly used in industrial applications. Types of heat exchangers. Use of recuperators and regenerators. Basic numerical relationships. 9. Temperature and pressure measurements in furnace and piping systems. Flow measurement. Overview of basic sensors. Flue gas analysers. 10. Industrial furnaces. Classification of furnaces according to technological purposes, heat sources and working space. Furnace performance and efficiency. Melting furnaces - blast furnace, cupola, converter. Electric arc furnaces. 11. Industrial furnaces - induction furnaces, electron furnaces, plasma furnaces. Heating furnaces - deep, chamber, blast, step, carousel. Heat treatment furnaces - continuous and hatch furnaces. Microwave and dielectric heating furnaces. 12. Demonstration of heating and cooling of material. Temperature measurement. Use of protective atmosphere. Data processing.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2023/2024 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 25  15
        Examination Examination 75  36 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Min. 80 % attendance on exercise.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Min. 80 % attendance on exercise.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2024/2025 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (B0713A070001) Thermal energetics engineering ZEP P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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