636-0802/01 – Phase Transformations (FP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
FIL40 Ing. František Filuš
VOD37 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Combined Credit and Examination 12+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- Define fundamentals of phase transformation classification; - Outline thermodynamics of phase transformations; - Define kinetics of phase transformations; - Describe basic types of crystal interfaces; - Characterise the process of solidification; - Define basic types of phase transformations controlled by diffusion; - Characterise diffusionless phase transformations; - Compare phase transformations in technically important metals and alloys.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Nucleation processes (classical and heterogenous nucleation, precipitation , spinodal decomposition). Theory of growth processes. Morphology of phase transformations products. Kinetics of nucleation and growth transformations. Phase transformations at constant composition and with change of composition.

Compulsory literature:

PORTER, D., K. EASTERLING. Phase transformations in metals and alloys. London: Chapman and Hall, 1996. ISBN 0 412 45030 5. BHADESHIA, H.K.D.H, R.W.K. HONEYCOMBE. Steels microstructure and properties, Third Edition, Oxford: Elsevier Ltd., 2006. ISBN-13: 978-0-750-68084-4. BANERJEE, P., P. MUKHOPADHYAY. Phase transformations. Examples from titanium and zirconium alloys. Oxford: Elsevier Ltd., 2007. ISBN 13: 978-0-08-042145-2.

Recommended literature:

HAASEN, P.: Physikalische Metallkunde. Third Edition, Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2013. ISBN 978-3-642-87850-3.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: 1. Structure of crystalline materials. Allotropy in pure metals. 2. Structure of binary alloys, substitutional solid solutions, short-range and long-range order, interstitial solid solutions, intermediary phases: electron compounds, Laves phases and electrochemical compounds. 3. Thermodynamics of phase transformations. Single component systems, pressure effect on equilibrium. Binary solutions: ideal solutions, chemical potential, regular solutions, activity, real solutions, equilibrium in heterogeneous systems, relationship between binary diagrams and Gibbs free energy curves, effect of interface on equilibrium. 4. Kinetics of phase transformations. Arrhenius equation. 5. Classification of phase transformations. First and second order transformations. 6. Solidification. Nucleation in pure metals: homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, growth of thermal dendrites in pure metals, three limit cases of single phase alloys solidification. 7. Solidification in binary alloys. Constitutional undercooling, dendrite growth, eutectic solidification, solidification in hypoeutectic and peritectic alloys, practical examples of solidification. 8. Diffuse transformations in solids. Precipitation: homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation in solid state, nucleation rate, growth and coarsening of precipitates, precipitation sequence, precipitation in age hardened alloys. Cellular (discontinuous) precipitation. Continuous precipitation. Interphase precipitation. 9. Thermodynamic and kinetic modelling of precipitation reactions. Kinetics of diffuse phase transformations: Johnson-Mehl-Avrami equation. TTT and CCT diagrams. 10. Phase interfaces in solids: coherent, semi-coherent and non-coherent interfaces. Interface migration: glissile and non-glissile interfaces. 11. Homogeneous transformation: spinodal decomposition. Formation mechanisms of long-range ordered phases. 12. Massive transformation. Hypoeutectoid and eutectoid transformations. Austenitization. Bainitic transformation. 13. Difussionless phase transformation. Athermal and isothermal transformation. Nucleation and growth of martensite. Shape deformation at martensitic transformation, habit plane. Martensite crystallography in Fe-C alloys, Bain deformation. Morphology of martensite in Fe–C alloys. Deformation induced martensitic transformation. 14. Thermoelastic martensitic transformation, self-accommodation martensite. Transformation and re-orientation pseudoelasticity. Shape memory effect. 15. Tempering of steels. Tempering embrittlement. Seminars: 1. Introduction, charateristics of crystalline state, thermodynamic calculations in binary diagrams. Control test. 2. Thermodynamic calculations of phase transfformations, stability of phases. 3. Thermdynamic calculations of phase transformations, stability of phases. 4. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleationn in liquid and solid state.. 5. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleationn in liquid and solid state.. 6. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleationn in liquid and solid state.. 7. Programme 1. Structural parameters during solidification.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2008/2009 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 35 (35) 0
                Project Project 15  0
                Written exam Written test 20  0
        Examination Examination 65 (65) 0
                Written examination Written examination 40  0
                Oral Oral examination 25  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T029) Non-ferrous Metals and Special Alloys P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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