636-0814/01 – Characterization of Materials Structure (SFA)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
VOD37 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Combined Credit and Examination 12+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

-Define principal aims of structural and phase analysis. -Characterise fundamentals of image analysis. -Compare possibilities and limitations of electron diffraction, neutron diffraction and X ray diffraction. -Characterise basic principles of high resolution transmission electron microscopy. -Outline possibilities of modern techniques in scanning electron microscopy. -Compare possibilities and limitations of modern spectral analysis techniques. -Characterise basic scanning probe microscopy techniques. -Propose a procedure of structural analysis of a defective material.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The course is intended to extend the knowledge of students in the field of structural characterization of advanced materials. The lectures deal with the most important experimental techniques, their physical principles, possibilities and limitations. The attention is paid to the correct interpretation of results and the modern techniques of specimens´ preparation. Methodology of the choice of the best suited techniques for obtaining the desired information is discussed. Some examples from both industry and the development of advanced materials are used to demonstrate the role of the structure characterization in solving materials engineering problems.

Compulsory literature:

WILLIAMS, D. B. and C. B. CARTER. Transmission Electron Microscopy. A Textbook for Materials Science. Second Edition. New York: Springer-Verlag US, 2009. ISBN 978-0-387-76502-0. GOLDSTEIN, J., et al. Scanning electron microscopy and X – ray microanalysis. Third Edition, New York: Springer-Verlag US, 2003. ISBN 978-1-4613-4969-3.

Recommended literature:

THOMAS, G. Transmission Electron Microscopy. First Edition, New York: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1980. ISBN-13: 978-0471859321. ASM Handbook. Volume 10. Materials characterization. Fifth Edition, US: ASM International, 1998.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: - Basic reasons and aims of structure characterisation in technical materials at different scale levels (macrostructure, microstructure, nanostructure). Comparison of spatial resolution of various experimental techniques. - Light microscopy. Principle of light microscope. Preparation of specimens. Typical applications of light microscopy in quality assessment of materials: microcleanliness, microstructure and grain size. - Quantitative microscopy, automated image analysis, basic stereological parameters,. Analysis of projected images. Principles of stereological evaluations. Measurement errors. - Interaction of X-rays or electron beam with a specimen. Basic properties of reciprocal lattice. Geometrical conditions of diffraction: Bragg´s law and Ewald sphere. - X-ray diffraction methods of analysis of polycrystalline materials. Typical tasks of X-ray diffraction analysis. Quantitative analyses - internal standard and external standard methods, standardless method. - Tensometry. Macrostresses, evaluation of grain size in coarse grained materials. Evaluation of microstresses: 2nd and 3rd order stresses. - Principles of preffered orientation evaluation - texture analysis. X-ray diffraction analysis of monocrystals. X-ray fluorescence analysis of elemental composition. Neutron diffraction. - Instrumentation based on applications of focused electron beam. Principles of transmission and scanning electron microscope. - Mechanisms of contrast formation in transmission electron microscope: amplitude and phase contrast. Basic principles of kinematic and dynamic theory of electron scattering, contrast on crystal lattice defects. Transmission electron microscopy with high resolution (HRTEM). - Preparation of specimens for transmission electron microscopy. Focused ion beam technique (FIB). - Electron diffraction techniques: selected area diffraction and diffraction of convergent electron beam. Interpretation of diffraction patterns from monocrystals and polycrystals.Spectroscopic techniques EDX and EELS. - Mechanisms of contrast formation in scanning electron microscopy. Interpretation of secondary electron images and back scattered electron images. Diffraction of backscattred electrons (EBSD). X-ray microanalysis: wave length and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Auger electron spectroscopy. - Scanning probe microscopy techniques - AFM, STM, MFM. Ion field microscopy. - Examples of applications of structural characterisation in materials engineering. Seminars: 1. Introduction. 2. Preparation of specimens for light microscopy, qualitative phase analysis. 3. Quantitative analysis of projected images using automated image analysis. 4. Microcleanliness evalution of steels. 5. Structure factor. 6. Qualitative and quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis. 7. Test - light microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. 8. Calculation of diffraction constant of transmission electron microscope. 9. Interpretation of ring and spot electron diffraction patterns. 10. Interpretation of diffraction patterns with Kikuchi lines. 11. Dislocation density evaluation. 12. Application of transformation matrices for interpretation of composed diffraction patterns. 13. Analysis of orientation relationships using composed diffraction patterns. 14. Final test. Credit.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2008/2009 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 35 (35) 0
                Project Project 15  0
                Written exam Written test 20  0
        Examination Examination 65 (65) 0
                Written examination Written examination 50  0
                Oral Oral examination 15  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T031) Diagnostics and Design of Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T030) Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner