636-0937/01 – Modern Techniques of Structure and Phase Analysis (MMSFA)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation2011/2012
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
VOD37 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+0
Part-time Credit and Examination 28+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

PhD students will learn about principles of the most important techniques of structure, diffraction and spectral analyses, with possibilities and limitations of individual techniques of structure characterisation, with fundamentals of interpretation of structure analysis results. They will be able to define appropriate techniques of structure characterization needed to solve a problem and to prepare specimens for basic experimental techniques.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The aim of the course is to deepen the knowledge of PhD students in the field of structure and phase analyses of engineering materials. Lectures are mainly focused on qualitative and quantitative structure characterisation by using light microscopy, techniques based on the focused electron beam (electron microscopy) and X - ray diffraction. The attention is paid to applications of structure parameters in analysis structure - property relationships in engineering materials. Possibilities and limitations of individual experimental techniques are demonstrated on case studies.

Compulsory literature:

WILLIAMS, D. B. and C. B. CARTER. Transmission electron microscopy, A textbook for materials science. 2nd edition, Springer US, 2012. ISBN 978-0-387-76502-0. ENGLER, O. and V. RANDLE. Introduction to texture analysis: macrotexture, microtexture and orientation mapping. 2nd edition, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2010. ISBN 9781420063653. WHISTON, C. X-ray methods (analytical chemistry by open learning), J. Wiley & Sons, 1987. ISBN 978-0471913863. DE GRAEF, M. Introduction to conventional transmission electron microscopy. 1st edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. ISBN 0 521 62006 6. EGERTON, R.F. Physical principles of electron microscopy. New York: Springer Science + Business Media, Inc., 2005. ISBN-10: 0-387-25800-0.

Recommended literature:

GOLDSTEIN, J., et al. Scanning electron microscopy and X–ray microanalysis. 3rd edition, New York: Springer US, 2003. ISBN 978-0-306-47292-3. DYSON, D. J. X-ray and Electron diffraction studies in materials science, London: Maney Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-902653-74-2.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: - Basic reasons and aims of structure characterisation in technical materials at different scale levels (macrostructure, microstructure, nanostructure). Comparison of spatial resolution of various experimental techniques. - Light microscopy. Principle of light microscope. Preparation of specimens. Typical applications of light microscopy in quality assessment of materials: microcleanliness, microstructure and grain size. - Quantitative microscopy, automated image analysis, basic stereological parameters,. Analysis of projected images. Principles of stereological evaluations. Measurement errors. - Interaction of X-rays or electron beam with a specimen. Basic properties of reciprocal lattice. Geometrical conditions of diffraction: Bragg´s law and Ewald sphere. - X-ray diffraction methods of analysis of polycrystalline materials. Typical tasks of X-ray diffraction analysis. Quantitative analyses - internal standard and external standard methods, standardless method. - Tensometry. Macrostresses, evaluation of grain size in coarse grained materials. Evaluation of microstresses: 2nd and 3rd order stresses. - Principles of preffered orientation evaluation - texture analysis. X-ray diffraction analysis of monocrystals. X-ray fluorescence analysis of elemental composition. Neutron diffraction. - Instrumentation based on applications of focused electron beam. Principles of transmission and scanning electron microscope. - Mechanisms of contrast formation in transmission electron microscope: amplitude and phase contrast. Basic principles of kinematic and dynamic theory of electron scattering, contrast on crystal lattice defects. Transmission electron microscopy with high resolution (HRTEM). - Preparation of specimens for transmission electron microscopy. Focused ion beam technique (FIB). - Electron diffraction techniques: selected area diffraction and diffraction of convergent electron beam. Interpretation of diffraction patterns from monocrystals and polycrystals.Spectroscopic techniques EDX and EELS. - Mechanisms of contrast formation in scanning electron microscopy. Interpretation of secondary electron images and back scattered electron images. Diffraction of backscattred electrons (EBSD). X-ray microanalysis: wave length and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Auger electron spectroscopy. - Scanning probe microscopy techniques - AFM, STM, MFM. Ion field microscopy. - Examples of applications of structural characterisation in materials engineering.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2012/2013 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (145) 51
        Examination Examination 100  0
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2010/2011 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V888) Materiálové inženýrství P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V999) Fyzikální metaluirgie a mezní stavy materiálů P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V888) Materiálové inženýrství K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V999) Fyzikální metaluirgie a mezní stavy materiálů K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V888) Materiálové inženýrství P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V999) Fyzikální metaluirgie a mezní stavy materiálů P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V888) Materiálové inženýrství K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (P3924) Materials Science and Engineering (3911V999) Fyzikální metaluirgie a mezní stavy materiálů K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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