636-0937/04 – Modern Techniques of Structure and Phase Analysis (MMSFA)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation2022/2023
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
VOD37 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
MAS0021 doc. Ing. Anastasia Volodarskaja, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

PhD students will learn about principles of the most important techniques of structure, diffraction and spectral analyses, with possibilities and limitations of individual techniques of structure characterisation, with fundamentals of interpretation of structure analysis results. They will be able to define appropriate techniques of structure characterization needed to solve a problem and to prepare specimens for basic experimental techniques.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs


The aim of the course is to deepen the knowledge of PhD students in the field of structure and phase analyses of engineering materials. Lectures are mainly focused on qualitative and quantitative structure characterisation by using light microscopy, techniques based on the focused electron beam (electron microscopy) and X - ray diffraction. The attention is paid to applications of structure parameters in analysis structure - property relationships in engineering materials. Possibilities and limitations of individual experimental techniques are demonstrated on case studies.

Compulsory literature:

WILLIAMS, D. B. and C. B. CARTER. Transmission electron microscopy, A textbook for materials science. 2nd edition, Springer US, 2012. ISBN 978-0-387-76502-0. ENGLER, O. and V. RANDLE. Introduction to texture analysis: macrotexture, microtexture and orientation mapping. 2nd edition, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2010. ISBN 9781420063653. WHISTON, C. X-ray methods (analytical chemistry by open learning), J. Wiley & Sons, 1987. ISBN 978-0471913863. DE GRAEF, M. Introduction to conventional transmission electron microscopy. 1st edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. ISBN 0 521 62006 6. EGERTON, R.F. Physical principles of electron microscopy. New York: Springer Science + Business Media, Inc., 2005. ISBN-10: 0-387-25800-0.

Recommended literature:

GOLDSTEIN, J., et al. Scanning electron microscopy and X–ray microanalysis. 3rd edition, New York: Springer US, 2003. ISBN 978-0-306-47292-3. DYSON, D. J. X-ray and Electron diffraction studies in materials science, London: Maney Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-902653-74-2.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Oral exam with the written preparation.


Other requirements

There are no further special requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Basic reasons and goals of structure characterization at a wide range of length scales (macrostructure, microstructure, nanostructure). Comparison of spatial resolution limits of microscopic techniques. Light microscopy. Principle of light microscope. Preparation of specimens. Typical tasks of light microscopy at quality control of materials – microstructure, micro-cleanliness and grain size. Quantitative metallography, automated image analysis. Analysis of projected images. Errors of measurement. Interaction of X-ray and electrons with specimens. Basic rules for reciprocal lattice. Geometrical conditions of diffraction. Bragg´s law and Ewald sphere. X-ray diffraction analysis of polycrystalline materials. Typical tasks of X-ray diffraction analysis. Quantitative analysis – methods of internal and external standards, standardless analysis. Evaluation of residual stresses. Macro-stress, determination of particle size in coarse grained materials. Principles of texture evaluation. X-ray diffraction analysis on single crystals. X-ray fluorescence analysis. Neutron diffraction. Instruments based on focused electron beam. Principles of transmission and scanning electron microscopes. Contrast mechanisms in transmission electron microscopy: amplitude, phase and Z contrasts. Basic principles of kinematic and dynamic theory of electron scattering, contrast on crystallographic defects. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Preparation of specimens for transmission electron microscopy. Focused ion beam technique. Electron diffraction techniques: selected area diffraction and convergent beam diffraction. Interpretation of diffraction patterns from single crystals and polycrystalline materials. EDX and EELS techniques. Contrast mechanisms in scanning electron microscopy. Interpretation of images in secondary electrons and in backscattered electrons. Electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD). X-ray microanalysis: wave and energy dispersive analyses (EDX and WDX). Auger spectroscopy. Probe scanning microscopy: AFM, STM and MFM. Field ion microscopy and atom probe tomography (APT). Examples of structure characterization in the field of materials science and engineering.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Examination Examination   3
Mandatory attendence participation:

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (P0719D270002) Nanotechnology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0719D270002) Nanotechnology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0788D270003) Material science and Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0788D270003) Material science and Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0788D270003) Material science and Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0788D270003) Material science and Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0719D270002) Nanotechnology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0719D270002) Nanotechnology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2020/2021 Winter