636-2005/02 – Fundamentals of the Heat Treatment (ZaklTZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. Jaroslav SojkaSubject version guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. Jaroslav Sojka
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SOJ33 prof. Dr. Ing. Jaroslav Sojka
BET37 doc. Ing. Petra Váňová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Combined Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- Define the importance and the classification of heat treatments of metallic materials; - Outline the principal equilibrium heat treatments of steels – annealing; - Clarify the principal non-equilibrium heat treatments of steels – quenching and tempering; - Describe processes of oxidation and decarburization during heat treatment of steels; - Differentiate and define the principal procedures of thermo chemical treatment of steels; - Outline the essential heat treatments of cast irons and non-ferrous metals; - Compare the internal structure and properties of metallic materials after heat treatments; - Propose the appropriate heat treatment for the selected kind of material.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs


Principles of solid phase transformations; Thermodynamics and kinetics of solid phase transformations; Iron-Carbon equilibrium diagram; Transformations of austenite under cooling; Pearlite-Ferrite-cementite; Martensite and bainite; Heat treatment – general: Annealing: Normalizing; quenching and tempering; Surface hardening, carburizing; Heat treatment of stainless steels; Heat treatment of cast irons and non-ferrous metals (Al, Cu alloys).

Compulsory literature:

TOTTEN, G. E., ed. Steel heat treatment: metallurgy and technologies. 2. vyd. Boca Raton: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8493-8455-4.

Recommended literature:

PORTER, D. A., K. E EASTERLING a M. Y. SHERIF. Phase transformations in metals and alloys. 3. vyd. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4200-6210-6.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of learning outcomes: full-time study form – 2 written tests, 2 written programs during the semester; combined study form – 1 semestral project. Final verification of study results: written exam.


Další požadavky na studenta

There are no further requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: 1. Importance of heat treatments; basic classification – heat treatment, thermo-chemical treatment; thermo-mechanical treatment; equilibrium vs. non-equilibrium heat treatments. 2. Iron – carbon system, austenite phase transformations upon cooling; diffusion, diffusion less transformations – products – ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite. 3. Diagrams of isothermal and non-isothermal austenite decomposition upon cooling – principle, construction, use. 4. Non-desirable processes during heat treatments – decarburizing, oxidation. 5. Classification of steel annealing; stress relief annealing, recrystallisation annealing, spheroidising annealing; thermal cycles of annealing, final structure and properties. 6. Normalising; homogenising annealing; thermal cycles of annealing, final structure and properties. 7.-8. Steel quenching; quenching media; hardenability and its testing; methods of cooling – modified quenching procedures. 9. Tempering of steels – tempering stages, impact on the steel properties. 10. Internal stresses as a result of the heat treatment – thermal stresses, structure stresses. 11. Thermo-chemical heat treatments; basic principles; case hardening – principal reactions, technologies, quenching and tempering after carburising, resulting properties. Nitriding and carbonitriding; principles, technologies, resulting properties. 12. Heat treatments of the cast irons; classification of the cast irons; heat treatment of grey and nodular cast irons; malleablising of the cast irons. 13. Heat treatment of some non-ferrous metals (aluminium, copper and their alloys); principle and stages of precipitation hardening; ageing. Summary; importance of the heat treatment of metallic materials.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  21
        Examination Examination 65  30
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 78% attendance on seminars and practical lessons. Elaboration of the projects.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner