636-2008/02 – Basics of damage processes (ZDPn)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Stanislav Lasek, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Stanislav Lasek, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGF, FMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KRA58 Ing. Martin Kraus, Ph.D.
LAS40 doc. Ing. Stanislav Lasek, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The course objective is to familiarize students with problems of production and operation degradations in engineering materials. The course will provide students with the basic information on production and operation degradation in engineering materials. Students will learn to regard material as a chemically and structurally heterogeneous body, whose states can be greatly affected by exploitation conditions. Students should be able to assess the effect of the technologies used as well as of the conditions of exploitation on the properties of the materials of component parts and structures.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs


The course is aimed at basic knowledge of damage processes in materials. Lectures are devoted to brittle and ductile fracture, fatigue, creep, corrosion damage and wear of surface materials. Knowledge of the basic mechanisms of degradation processes is exercised in solving technical.

Compulsory literature:

CALLISTER, W. D. Materials Science and Engineering. An Introduction. 7th. ed. Iowa: University Iowa, John Wiley-Sons, 2007. ISBN 978-0-471-73696-7. MORAVČÍK, R. and M. HAZLINGER. Degradation Processes and Life-time Prediction. Plzeň: Aleš Čeněk s.r.o., 2017. ISBN 978-80-7380-670-5.

Recommended literature:

FELBECK, D. K. and A. G. ATKINS. Strength and Fracture of Engineering Materials. 1st. ed. Englewood: Prentice Hall, 1984. ISBN 0-13-851709-6.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of learning outcomes: full-time study form – 1 written tests, 3 written programs during the semester; combined study form – 5 examples (excercises) Final verification of study results: combined (written and oral) exam.


Other requirements

There are no further special requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introductory lecture. Manufacturing and service degradation. Limit States of Materials. Damage of major material groups. 2. Production degradation, metallurgy, chemical and structural heterogeneity, impurities segregation. Degradation of welded joints. 3. Stress and strain. Ductile, high-energy fractures, damage during plastic deformation, breach of overload. 4. Brittle fractures, fracture mechanics principles, low-energy fractures, influences of composition and structure of the material. 5. Fatigue process, cyclic stresses. Initiation and propagation of cracks, life curves (SN). Methods for testing. 6. Factors affecting the fatigue life, notches, surface conditions and environment. Life prediction, the solution of selected problems. 7. Fundamentals of creep (creep) materials. Effects of stress and temperature. Main mechanisms of creep. 8. Methods of testing and extrapolation of data creep. Larson-Miler parameter estimates lifetime, creep resistant alloys 9. Introduction to electrochemical corrosion, anodic and cathodic reactions, E-pH diagrams, Faraday's law, the rate of corrosion, passivity of metals, local types of corrosion, 10. Oxidation at high temperatures in gases, the effect of hydrogen, methods of protection against corrosion, heat-resistant steels and alloys. Stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement. 11. Basics of wear surfaces, adhesive, abrasive and erosive wear, the main parameters, the possibility of testing 12. Surface damage during cavitation, contact fatigue and wear corrosion (fretting). Main factors and ways of protection. 13. Radiation damage, interaction of radiation with material, radiation hardening and embrittlement of materials. The photo-degradation of polymers. 14. Combined effects of certain degradation processes. Introduction to the analysis of damage. Examples from practice. Monitoring.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  15
        Examination Examination 70  36 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 78% attendance on seminars and practical lessons. Elaboration of the projects.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0214A270001) Art Foundry Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0715A270004) Materials Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0214A270001) Art Foundry Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2021/2022 Winter
2020/2021 Winter