636-3011/06 – Structure Characterization of Materials (SFAn)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation2022/2023
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
VOD37 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
MAS0021 doc. Ing. Anastasia Volodarskaja, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Gained knowledge: basic microscopic, diffraction and spectroscopy techniques used in materials engineering, possibilities and limitations of individual techniques of structure characterization, interpretation of results. Gained skills: choice of an optimal structure characterization techniques for a task investigated, basic interpretation of structure characterisation results.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs


The goal of the course is to make knowledge of students deeper in the field of structure characterization of progressive materials. The most important experimental techniques, their physical principles, possibilities and limitations are discussed. An attention is paid to interpretation of results, modern methods of specimen preparation, methodology of appropriate techniques selection for getting required information. Applications of structure characterization for solving material engineering tasks are presented on some examples from both engineering practice and development of new materials.

Compulsory literature:

VODÁREK, V. Structure characterization of materials. Ostrava: VŠB – TU Ostrava, 2015. Available from: http://katedry.fmmi.vsb.cz/Opory_FMMI/636/636-Strukturne_fazova_analyza.pdf. WILLIAMS, D. B. and C. B. CARTER. Transmission electron microscopy, A textbook for materials science. 2nd edition, Springer US, 2012. ISBN 978-0-387-76502-0. GOLDSTEIN, J., et al. Scanning electron microscopy and X – ray microanalysis. 3rd edition, New York: Springer US, 2003. ISBN 978-0-306-47292-3. WHISTON, C. X-ray methods (analytical chemistry by open learning), J. Wiley & Sons, 1987. ISBN 978-0471913863.

Recommended literature:

DYSON, D. J. X-ray and electron diffraction studies in materials science, London: Maney Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-902653- 74- 2. THOMAS G. Transmission electron microscopy. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1980.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of learning outcomes: full-time study form – 2 written tests, 2 programs processed during the semester; combined study form – 1 semestral project. Final verification of study results: both full-time and combined study form - written exam.


Other requirements

There are no further requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Basic reasons and goals of structure characterization at a wide range of length scales (macrostructure, microstructure, nanostructure). Comparison of spatial resolution limits of microscopic techniques. 2. Light microscopy. Principle of light microscope. Preparation of specimens. Typical tasks of light microscopy at quality control of materials – microstructure, micro-cleanliness and grain size. Quantitative metallography, automated image analysis. Analysis of projected images. Errors of measurement. 3. Interaction of X-ray and electrons with specimens. Basic rules for reciprocal lattice. Geometrical conditions of diffraction. Bragg´s law and Ewald sphere. 4. X-ray diffraction analysis of polycrystalline materials. Typical tasks of X-ray diffraction analysis. Quantitative analysis – methods of internal and external standards, standardless analysis. 5. Evaluation of residual stresses. Macro-stress, determination of particle size in coarse grained materials. Principles of texture evaluation. X-ray diffraction analysis on single crystals. X- ray fluorescence analysis. Neutron diffraction. 6. Instruments based on focused electron beam. Principles of transmission and scanning electron microscopes. 7. Contrast mechanisms in transmission electron microscopy: amplitude, phase and Z contrasts. Basic principles of kinematic and dynamic theory of electron scattering, contrast on crystallographic defects. 8. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). 9. Preparation of specimens for transmission electron microscopy. Focused ion beam technique. 10. Electron diffraction techniques: selected area diffraction and convergent beam diffraction. Interpretation of diffraction patterns from single crystals and polycrystalline materials. EDX and EELS techniques. 11. Contrast mechanisms in scanning electron microscopy. Interpretation of images in secondary electrons and in backscattered electrons. Electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD). 12. X ray microanalysis: wave and energy dispersive analyses (EDX and WDX). Auger spectroscopy. 13. Probe scanning microscopy: AFM, STM and MFM. Field ion microscopy and atom probe tomography (APT). 14. Examples of structure characterization in the field of materials engineering.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  21
        Examination Examination 65  30 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 78% attendance on seminars and practical lessons. Elaboration of the projects.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

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